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Monday, September 8, 1986
spionage charges filed against Daniloff
BOSCOW (AP) — American re-
orter Nicholas Daniloff was
Mrgecl with espionage Sunday,
ate-run television said, a charge
tat under the Russian criminal code
Kl carry the death penalty on
Bniloff was believed to be the
i|t foreign journalist ever formally
jiarged with spying here.
ftnilolT called the Moscow of f ice
f h s magazine, U.S. News & World
Sj i fepf» h and told reporter Jeff 1 rirn-
Tphat he was indicted in a legal
proceeding at Moscow’s Lefortovo
Prison at 2 p.m., Trimble said.
He told his colleague he was
charged under Article 65 of the Rus
sian Federation Criminal Code.
This article states that those com
mitting espionage “shall be punished
by deprivation of freedom for a
term of seven to 15 years ... or by
Trimble quoted Daniloff as saying
he did not know when a trial might
take place, but that he was told the
investigation of his case could six
months or even nine months if there
were extraordinary circumstances.
“My case is moving into a more se
rious phase,” Trimble quoted Dani
loff as saying in the 20-minute call.
“The charge of espionage puts it on
a par with another case we know
He was referring to Soviet U.N.
employee Gennadiy Zakharov, who
was arrested in New York Aug. 23
on an espionage charge. Daniloffs
wife, Ruth, has claimed her husband
was framed in retaliation for Zakha
Daniloff, 52, was arrested Aug. 30
moments after a Soviet acquaintance
gave him a packet later found to
contain secret maps and photo
The magazine correspondent has
been held since then at the Moscow
A commentator on the Soviet tele
vision news program Vremya con
firmed that Daniloff was cha
but gave no details.
Foreign Ministry Spokesman
Gennady Gerasimov told CBS-TV’s
“Face the Nation” program Sunday
that a trial would be held soon but
gave no date.
Gerasimov spoke from Moscow
via satellite before word came that
Daniloff was charged.
In Los Angeles, White House
spokesman Larry Speakes said Presi
dent Reagan is reviewing all options.
“We want Daniloffs release and
we want it immediately,” Speakes
told reporters in a briefing at the ho
tel where Reagan was to address a
GOP fund-raising dinner.
Speakes said the United States still
had received no official notification
could be given
lARACHI, Pakistan (AP) —Pres-
Ht Mohammad Zia ul-Haq said
tanged if convicted of hijack-
■'hey will receive the punishment
at such a crime deserves,” Zia told
a news conference at Karachi air-
Hhe gunmen seized the plane at
■airport, with nearly 400 people
See Related Stories, Page 8
ird, early Friday. The hijacking
Bed 17 hours later when the lights
vveui out aboard the plane and the
idters fired on passengers. Paki-
tam commandos were in control
|l an hour after the shooting be-
lufteen people, including three
Americans, were killed. Hospitals re-
■ned 127 injured. U.S. officials
|lve said 17 Americans were
Kiasaid the hijackers would not be
extradited to the United States.
■The U.S. Justice Department on
Saturday issued arrest warrants for
three of the hijackers. U.S. officials
said the warrants were issued as a
Hecaution, but emphasized that Pa-
ptan was handling the case.
■ 'We have a very ef fective law, the
pijnishment for which is the death
sentence,’’ said Zia, who returned to
Karachi Sunday night after rep-
Seven Texas A&M stu-
died in the last
will be honored at
a Silver Taps cere
mony Tuesday night.
The ceremony be
gins at 10:30 p.m. in
front of the Aca
demic Building. The
campus will be dark
ened at that time and
the Ross Volunteers
will march silently be
fore sounding a 21-gun
salute. After the
third volley, buglers
play a special arrangement of
The first Silver Taps ceremony
said to have been held for Law-
nce Sullivan Ross in 1898. Ross
as governor of Texas from 1887
to 1891 and president of Texas
A&M from 1891 to 1898.
Those to be honored Tuesday
• Bruce E. Whitworth, 22, a
junior computer science major
from McAllen who died April 26.
• Franklin Korell Lindsay, 22,
a junior economics major from
Houston who died May 27.
• Richard Nolan Walker, 22, a
senior industrial engineering ma
jor from Bryan who died June 30.
• Charles Lee Straub, 25, a se-
lior petroleum engineering ma
jor from Bryan who died July 13.
• Phillip Todd Hamilton, 23, a
senior engineering technology
tajor from Grand Junction,
bio., who died Aug. 6.
• Laura Chapin, 22, a second-
jear veterinary medicine student
om Lampasas who died Aug.
• Kun Ho Cho, 29, a graduate
tudent in physics from College
[tation who died Aug. 15.
resenting Pakistan at the summit of
the non-aligned movement in Ha
Pakistani courts impose death by
hanging for murder. The sentence is
The president said the gunmen
are Palestinians, ranging in age from
19 to 25. He said they do not appear
to be connected to any government.
After seizing the plane, the hijack
ers had demanded to be flown to Cy
prus where they wanted to free
jailed Palestinian terrorists. The
four now are being held at an army
camp near Karachi.
Zia said he strongly supported the
Palestinian cause, but did not see the
need for actions such as hijackings.
The president said he was com
pletely satisfied with the way Paki
stani security forces handled the in
“Fm very proud of them,” Zia
said. “It could have been far worse.
Many more lives could have been
Asked about reports that it took
Pakistani commandos up to 15 min
utes to reach the plane after the hi
jackers began firing, Zia called onje-
handad Khan, the governor of Sind
Khan said the first commandos
were at the plane within two minutes
and three commando groups
reached it within three minutes.
“If the allegations about 15 min
utes (were) true, several hundred
people (might) have died,” Khan
Khurshid Anwar Mirza, director
general of the Civil Aviation Author
ity and the chief government nego
tiator during the hijacking, told a
news conference Saturday that it
took commandos at least 10 minutes
to reach the plane.
Many passengers and other wit
nesses said they did not see security
forces until some time after the
Airport security officials said Sun-
See Hijacking, page 14
Days of Old
Jarrod Anderson, a f reshman from Dallas, talks to
Katie Maginn, a representative of the Society of
Creative Anachronism. The organization, which
Photo by Michael Sanchez
tries to recreate the flavor of medieval times with
dress and activities, was one of some 200 groups
participating in MSC Open House Sunday.
New bill may hurt colleges
by taxing gifts, scholarships
By Sondra Pickard
Senior Staff Writer
The sweeping tax revision bill
Congress is expected to pass next
month may hurt America’s colleges
and universities by imposing signifi
cant financial hardships on the insti
tutions and their students, the presi
dent of the American Council on
Robert Atwell, president of the
council, and Don Leverty, University
of Texas program analyst for gov
ernment relations, both agree that
no matter how one views the merits
of the bill in general, it also will se
riously impair the ability of educatio
nal institutions to raise funds from
private sources and will tax student
About 40 percent of the gifts
given to colleges and universities by
private individuals are in the form of
appreciated property, or property
that has significantly increased in va
lue over time. Such gifts are now
fully tax-deductible. However, the
compromise agreed to by the House
and Senate conferees would make
charitable gifts of appreciated prop
erty taxable, Atwell said.
This could have the effect of dis
couraging gift-giving to universities,
particularly by the very wealthy.
“Up until this point you’ve been
given a major tax break,” Atwell
said. “But tying gifts of appreciated
property to the alternative minimum
tax could be destructive.”
Leverty said most economists
would agree there will be a reduced
incentive for people to make dona
tions to both universities and char
Gifts of land, artwork, stock, or
anything that has gone up in value
besides cash are quite helpful and
for small colleges, sometimes vital.
The category of taxpayers cov
ered by the minimum tax is small,
Leverty said — only about 6 percent
of the taxpayers in the country. But
this 6 percent is where the signifi
cant givers are, he said.
The bill also allows the charitable
deduction for non-itemizers to ex
pire at the end of 1986. In payment
of income tax, either a standard de
duction or an itemization can be
used. In recent years, contributions
to charitable ventures could be de
ducted, without itemizing. The new
bill does not allow non-itemizers to
Also, scholarships and
fellowships, which are excluded
from taxable income under current
law, would be taxed in the new bill
See Tax Reform, page 14
NASA projects delayed, grounded
Space agency’s future uncertain
Editor's note: This is the first installment of a
four-part series examining the impact of the ex
plosion of the space shuttle Challenger on the
space industry. Part one examines the clouded
future of space science and expensive interplane
tary probes looking for a route into orbit.
SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP) — The space
shuttle Challenger accident has grounded re
search projects worth more than $2 billion and
cast a shadow of uncertainty across major plane
tary and astronomical studies the National Aero
nautics and Space Administration had planned
for this decade.
Spacecraft to study Venus, Jupiter and the sun
were built to be launched on the shuttle this year
or next, and now are waiting for shuttle flights to
resume, or for engineers to find other ways to
send them into space.
The $1 billion Hubble space telescope, once
planned to be in orbit this month, now waits in a
laboratory-like warehouse for launch in 1988 or
1989. Extensive ground maintenance during the
delay costs NASA $4 million a month.
In May, the shuttle was to have launched Gal
ileo and Ulysses spacecraft on unprecedented ex
plorations of Jupiter and the sun.
Galileo was to orbit Jupiter dropping probes to
study the massive planet and its moons.
Ulysses, built by the European Space Agency
with NASA instruments, was to pass Jupiter for a
gravitational boost and then enter the first polar
orbit of the sun.
Both spacecraft were to have been placed into
low Earth orbit by the shuttle and then boosted
outward by a liquid-fuel Centaur rocket, carried
aloft in the shuttle cargo bay.
The Challenger disaster spawned a wave of
caution in which NASA canceled the over-bud-
get, $ 1 billion Centaur program rather than put a
volatile rocket inside the shuttle.
“I don’t believe the Centaur would have been
canceled if it hadn’t been for the Challenger tra
gedy,” said Harry Mannheimer, the Galileo and
Ulysses program manager. “The cancellation was
related to the agency’s added emphasis on
Without Centaur, both Galileo and Ulysses will
require some other booster to be sent to deep
Mannheimer said the revised plan for Galileo
is to use three-stage solid rockets to send it to
ward Jupiter. If the new 1989 launch date is met,
the spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter in 1993, three
years later than expected.
Alternate plans for Ulysses are more compli
Mannheimer said engineers now believe it will
require a two-stage booster and complex orbital
Plans call for the Ulysses to be launched in
1989 from Earth orbit toward Venus. It will whip
around Venus, speeded up by that planet’s grav
ity, and then streak back toward Earth where it
will pick up another gravitational slingshot boost.
This will give it enough velocity to cruise to Jupi
An arc around Jupiter will add the needed
speed to send Ulysses into a polar orbit of the
sun. It would arrive there in the late 1990s, more
than six years later than planned.
In order to launch the two spacecraft in this
decade, Mannheimer said booster rockets now
built for other spacecraft will have to be “bor
rowed” from the Air Force and from other
NASA programs. Otherwise, he said, the plane
tary explorers would have to wait until more
rockets are made, which would mean an additio
nal delay of almost four years.
“These are very, very tentative plans,” said
Mannheimer. “There is a lot of uncertainty
There’s a lot of uncertainty, too, in the launch
of the Hubble space telescope, which scientists
believe will probe more than ten times farther
into the universe than any previous astronomy
NASA spokesman Leon Perry said, “The Hub
ble telescope is the No. 1 NASA payload in line
when the shuttle starts flying again.”
The instrument was once planned for an Au
gust 1986 launch, but Perry said it will probably
be put into space in 1988 or 1989. “We simply
don’t have a launch date now,” he said.
A bright spot for NASA science will come next
year when Voyager II completes its tour of the
outer solar system.
The spacecraft, which earlier probed Jupiter,
Saturn and Uranus, will pass within 20,000 miles
of Neptune and become the first manmade object
to conduct a close study of that planet, so distant
that radio signals will take four hours and six
minutes to reach Earth.
From there, Voyager II will streak out of the
solar system and out of radio range.
NASA scientists then must wait until the shut
tle flies again before they continue exploring the
of charges being filed against the
He said the matter could have “se
rious implications” for U.S.-Soviet
relations but declined to speculate
on what action might be taken.
He also refused to comment on
whether Reagan has received a re
sponse to his written message to So
viet leader Mikhail Gorbachev ap
pealing for Daniloff s release.
“I think the president is deter
mined to see a successful resolution
of the matter,” Speakes said.
State of siege
SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) — Leftist
guerrillas ambushed President Au-
gusto Pinochet’s motorcade in a
bomb and gunfire attack Sunday,
killing five bodyguards and wound
ing 10, the military government re
Gen. Pinochet was not injured in
the assassination attempt that oc
curred on a bridge in Maipo Canyon
25 miles southeast of Santiago, gov
ernment spokesman Francisco Cua-
dra said Sunday night on national
television. He said Pinochet arrived
safely at his official residence in San
Interior Minister Ricardo Garcia
announced a 90-day nationwide
state of siege following an emer
gency meeting by the militaryjunta.
The attack came four days before
the 13th anniversary of the coup led
by Pinochet, the army commander,
that ousted the elected government
of the late President Salvador Al-
A man identifying himself as a
spokesman for the Manuel Rodri
guez Patriotic Front telephoned
news agencies 90 minutes after the
attack and said it had been carried
out by members of that Communist
“We failed, but we won’t fail next
time,” he told The Associated Press.
However, a Front spokesman with
a recognizable voice later called the
AP to deny that the rebel group had
made any claim.
The government had earlier said
an army sergeant died in the attack,
but at a news conference Sunday
night, officials expanded that report
to include the bodyguards’ deaths.
The reports by the government’s
news media said the 70-year-old
president was returning to the capi
tal from Melocoton, his country resi
dence in Maipo Canyon, when the
attack occurred at 6:30 p.m. Meloco
ton is 37 miles southeast of Santiago.
Those reports said there was a
bomb explosion and then gunfire as
the presidential limousine escorted
by military vehicles crossed the Man-
zano Bridge over the Maipo River.
Troops launched a search along
the canyon for the assailants and re
inforcements sealed off the area
around Pinochet’s Santiago resi
The attack was the first known at
tempt on Pinochet’s life since the
coup Sept. 11, 1973.
The front and another Marxist
group, the Leftist Revolutionary
Movement, have been blamed for
killing 21 police and military officers
and setting more than 1,600 bombs
in sporadic attacks since 1983, when
an upsurge of demonstrations
against military rule began.
Several thousand people were
killed in the 1973 coup and the
armed forces crackdown on commu
nists that followed.
Allende perished in the presi
dential palace on the morning of the
Students can continue to drop
fall semester classes this week at
the Pavilion, but courses can no
longer be scheduled for the fall.
Registration and adds ended
Friday at 5 p.m.
The Pavilion will be open for
dropping classes from 8 a.m. to
noon and 1-5 p.m. today