The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, February 27, 1980, Image 11

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    ~iJse of unscramblers worries
S, I
5 pay-television corporations
Bleaching dries skin
United Press International
NEW YORK — Someone who
uses over-the-counter bleaching
creams may be trading freckles or
age spots for new skin problems, says
Dr. Fredric Haberman, a dermato
Haberman says the use of such
preparations exposes the skin to se
vere sun damage and untimely dry
To prevent such damage, he re
commends the use of sunscreens
when you’re going skiing or to the
d in inodenffi a. United Press International
was not rige: NEW YORK — The pay television
;cused Muga: : business has run into a piracy
he front-run problem.
responsible!/ So far, it’s small potatoes — even
that has mansjad [stuff.
black candidiil Nobody is stealing programs and
said Mugabt seeking to resell them the way popu-
ed from thet ar phonograph records and tapes are
®ted and marketed by the mil-
ions. Nor does the theft of the large-
_^y satellite-transmitted pay televi-
I % ion shows come anywhere near the
v blue-box” piracy of long-distance
Hsmission time that cost the tele-
• ihone companies real money some
years ago.
But the theft of pay-TV off the air
by means of homemade unscramb
ling devices is big enough to worry
companies like Home Box Office,
Startime and Viacom, which market
the programs, and the local televi
sion stations, through which they
reach the public.
The industry has quietly taken its
troubles to the manufacturers of
scrambling devices for a solution,
according to Frank Misso, chairman
of Electronics, Missiles & Com
munications, Inc., of White Haven,
Misso said stations in areas as far
apart as Texas and New England re
cently have installed new “piracy
protection” equipment.
He said the companies’ concern
helped boost sales of his firm’s newer
scrambling transmitters twofold to
threefold over the past year. He said
other makers of the devices also are
receiving big orders.
Misso said estimates vary as to the
value of the programs stolen, but he
believes $3 million a year would not
be an unreasonable estimate.
Some in the industry, he said, be
lieve at elast 25,000 homemade un-
ieS Charges filed to
•riticism, officer
ie world’'
mis to exami®
aid these tn^—
>ver forged!;;^
e National GilH
hrist ChurcbG
idscape,” uni
of Titian’s moil
x*s and purclus
Metropolitan ii
;d to be a forger
i art magazine I
■r believes tbe!
ork of a 16tbo
: Venetian pri
to the wooden!
in’s prints.
United Press Internationa]
ABILENE — A female officer at
)yess Air Force Base will undergo
n investigative hearing to deter-
tine whether she ultimately may
ice a court-martial for failing to but-
m her topcoat on three occasions
ist month.
But Capt. Rina Kelley called to-
ay’s hearing a subterfuge to cover
p;an attempt by her superiors to
rive her out of the Air Force.
The 34-year-old officer, who
ined the Air Force in 1971, said she
ive names in her past criticism of a
lobility program and now is suffer-
ig the consequences. In recent
onths, she claimed, she has been
rgeted for harassment because of
■embarrassment she caused her
'yess Air Force Base superiors.
Now, she said, “They are main-
ining this discipline guise to kill my
The Air Force is expected to begin
the hearing today to determine
whether she should face either a spe
cial or general court-martial or none
at all. Complaints signed by three
different witnesses allege she failed
to keep her topcoat buttoned on Jan.
24, 25 and 28, in violation of Air
Force regulations.
Kelley, who has never admitted
her coat was unbuttoned, said Tues
day such violations by male officers
commonly are ignored at Dyess and
other bases.
An “Article 32” investigative hear
ing, as it is known in the military, is
roughly equivalent to a civilian grand
jury proceeding, said Maj. Arthur
Swerdlove, one of two military attor
neys representing Kelley.
Swerdlove, who said Kelley would
not face any court-martial before
March at the earliest, said the com
plaint could be thrown out. The deci
sion on whether to proceed lies with
the investigating officer, who is sta
tioned elsewhere and must come to
Abilene for the hearing, Swerdlove
Kelley, who speaks French, Span
ish and Italian and began her Air
Force career as an interpreter, has
talked candidly about previous dis
putes with superiors at Grand Forks
Air Force Base in North Dakota. On
two occasions she was ordered to
undergo psychiatric examinations,
both of which, she said, ended with
her prompt release.
Kelley said she received a letter of
reprimand, later dropped, at Dyess
last October for missing two combat
drills, one after she had been in an
automobile accident and the other
after she fractured her toe.
scrambling devices have been
turned out by amateur electronics
enthusiasts. Since the subscription
fees for pay-TV programs run from a
flat $10 a month to $4 or more per
program, the piracy could amount to
real money if the practice became
“As a group,” Misso said, “the so-
called pirates appear to be electro
nics buffs to whom the challenge to
beat the system’ appeals as much as
the prospect of not paying to watch
premium programs.”
Nevertheless, telecasters fear a
trend toward more widespread pira
cy could be developing and for that
reason, Misso said, they are quietly
pressing the Federal Communica
tions Commission to consider ways
of stamping it out.
The pay-TV industry people say
their only real defense lies in better
scrambling transmitters because,
even though there are laws on the
books against piracy, it’s a legal gray
Misso said, “The airways are free
and the mere act of picking a televi
sion signal off the air is not illegal.
The courts decided against the
broadcasters and program producers
who sued makers of video recorders
in an attempt to keep people from
taking programs off the air for their
own use.
It’s quite different from stealing
long-distance telephone time or
even from tapping illegally into a
cable television system which
charges for its transmission facilities
rather than for its programs.
The problem for the pay-TV peo
ple and the broadcasters is compli
cated, Misso said, by the fact that
electronics magazines sometimes
publish articles detailing devices to
break the scrambling code of a pay
TV system. Some electronics manu
facturers even make the unscramb
ling devices available in kit form.
Misso said it’s a sort of guerrilla
warfare but the pay-TV industry so
far is keeping the upper hand with
new and better scrambling transmit
g* OH! • High Quality
5^**^ •Qulcfc Service
g •NoMluimuins
• Large Orders
Reductions & Dissertations
Cotiation &Binding&PadtBng
Kinko’s Graphics, Inc.
201 College Main St. 17131846-9508
>ews celebrate late Christmas
rians of startisi 1
CS Said it Was lie . ■ United Press International
oer fire camefc SAN DIEGO — It’s “Christmas at
iting erupted,it” for more than 5,000 sailors and
rkis’ governiKyers who spent the yuletide holi
ng different Lcays at floating battle .stations in the
■ Baabda pre iditm Ocean.
suburbs of feSsrewmen from the returning air-
points and co raft carrier USS Kitty Hawk and
? reconciliation iree escort vessels were met by
Ries and friends Monday at dock-
Be — a welcome complete with a
m I Iristmas tree and Santa Claus.
r’/H/j The balloons, banners and chil-
L ren some had never seen didn’t,
■fever, erase the memories of the
reat traditionoflR nse ^ a y s near the Persian Gulf,
niity "SadatsailW re Russian ships and aircraft
•e that, in orderr?P eared in strength.
•h of hope in one • M i[| ie y we re with us all the time,’
ch and everyt® id p e tty Officer 2nd Class John
ick in the str.' ee j ( .. “Their destroyers came with-
re determinedabout two miles of us. They fol-
wed us around.
is of the peace Is it ec .se said the Navy could have
of ainbassadorsffi; SCUe d the hostages from Iran if
onth after Israel||^
lack from two-ife** 1
given the opportunity.
“Our government lacks leader
ship,” Reese said.
An aviation crewman, Jack
Althaus, expressed similar,- .septf-
“We were frustrated they didn’t
let us go into Iran and get the hos
tages out,” he said. “Our hands were
tied. We felt helpless.”
Weather conditions force
newspaper to delete ads
United Press International
PHOENIX, Ariz. — For the first
time since World War II The Arizona
Republic published without adver
tising Tuesday.
Arizona’s largest morning news
paper appeared as a single 20-page
section encompassing national and
local news, sports, human interest
and entertainment pages.
The newspaper said the step was
taken “because of a critical shortage
of newsprint caused in part by recent
weather conditions.”
Traffic in the Phoenix area has
been severely hampered by the clo
sure of all but two bridges across the
normally dry Salt River bed — now
running bank-to-bank because of wa
ter releases from brimming reser
voirs upstream.
The last time The Republic pub
lished without advertising was
March 29, 1944, when newsprint
was rationed during the war.
The newspaper said advertising
would return Wednesday.
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