The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, April 19, 1978, Image 11
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1978
mned bj£ Ubrary
Wild West art
Cowpokes offer a spooky-eyed
jony to the Eastern dude decked
lut in Boston cap, riding jacket,
reeches and special boots.
US| , 1 In the next Charles M. Russell il-
' ^ ptration, the dude — wide-eyed
.7 pd perplexed — is on the seat of
his fancy britches in the dust.
; fe W° ves overrump, the horse bucks
lei of, stirrups and reins flying.
, ^ The cowboys guffaw.
c "Initiated,” says the caption
1 - under the pen and ink drawing. It’s
Kie of 3,500 items in a Western Il
lustrators Collection acquired by
Texas A&M University Libraries.
1 Another scene has
11 emotional impact. Painted by
lharles Schreyvogel, “The Last
I™ hop ” shows a cowpuncher on his
w nees, ten-ga\\on bat inverted from
e ™ thich his horse drinks.
■ rti The artist who became famous
u ‘ a most overnight for his “My Bun-
7* p > s a l so represented in the col-
’ * fction by “Custer’s Demand.” The
1(1 Mustration faces Gen. George
Bmstrong Custer and several sub-
11 ordinates on horseback against a
group of Indians.
1 I “!; Painted just into the 20th Cen-
Mry, the Schreyvogel historical re-
Bering was viciously attacked by
[lions other painter whose works appear
se)[ l roughout the collection. Frederic
ellulj emington, in letters to a news-
of| pper, charged Schreyvogel with
naintwtorically inaccurate elements in
Remington traveled the West ex-
isively, arming his brush, pen
Sniffing controversy, reporters re
lated Remington’s barrage to !
Schreyvogel. “I’ve no comment,” he
was reported to have said. “Mr.
Remington is the expert. He knows
Remington blasted Schreyvogel’s
painting again. When Schreyvogel
said he acquired data from the gen
eral’s uniform trunk, courtesy of
Custer’s widow, Remington
snorted: “Hiding behind a woman’s
Expert opinion was invited by
Remington, and it vindicated
The famous “My Bunkie” shows a
trail rider getting his horse shot
from under him by Indians. His
bunkmate and another cowpoke
protect him from the marauders.
Complementing the library’s Jeff
Dykes Range Livestock Collection,
the recently acquired illustrators’
works can be viewed April 17 to
May 17 in a Sterling C. Evans Li
The collection includes works by
artists in the bibliographic checklist,
“Fifty Great Western Illustrators.”
It was started by Texas Aggies,
Louis P. Merrill, Class of ’26 and
Dykes, a 1921 A&M graduate.
Along with many famous illus
trators, the collection assembled by
Dykes also contains Jerry Bywaters,
Dan Muller, Charles H. Ownes,
W. S. Phillips and Remington
Schuyler, according to Evelyn King,
assistant director for special collec
It is available to students, faculty,
Strip mining doesn’t
hurt land, prof says
Western Illustrators Collection pieces are viewed by Dianne
Longly of Wichita Fallas and Don Dyal, special collections
division head. The 3,500-item collection will be exhibited in
the Sterling C. Evans Library, April 17 through May 17.
friends of Texas A&M and scholars
from other institutions.
“As an art form, illustrating has
changed, radically,” said Don Dyal,
head of the special collections divi
sion. “Except for paperbacks and
children’s books, illustrations are no
longer used in books. There used to
be a whole school of illustrators.
Now they are doing other things.”
But even in their heyday, they
did other things. James M. Flagg
went afield to do the “I Want You”
The collection goes beyond the
bibliographic list. A Jose Cisneros
work, printed in Juan, Mexico, is
the leather bound History of the
Church of the Virgin of Guadalupe.
Another uniquely bound volume
contains World War II sketches by
the famous Tom Lea. He made the
Pelelui landing with U.S. Marines.
The book is bound in Marine com
bat fatigue cloth.
A unique rarity is Remington’s
“Done in the Open. ” The collection
copy has a “k” on the end of Fre
deric, an error that was not caught
until the press run had started. “The
incorrections were recalled,” Ms.
King said, “but some got away.”
“Because Mr. dykes has been col
lecting so long, the collection in
cludes some early, early things,”
she added. “It’s quite comprehen
sive withing each artist, but we’d
always like to have more.”
Court blocks release of Nixon tapes
United Press International
)(t§WASHINGTON —The Supreme
urt Tuesday blocked a plan to
latei ke available to the general public
lies of the White House tapes
were played at the 1974
atergate cover-up trial of Richard
tin;Ikon’s top aides.
The 7-2 decision reversed a U.S.
ipellate court ruling that had
ared the way for release of about
hours of Nixon’s presidential
nheii While printed transcripts of the
nversations have long been on
wtos e i n stores, they have been
kofir; jiy e( j i n public only at the conspi-
mets, ; y trial of Nixon aides H. R.
denct ddeman, John Ehrlichman,
onstit rmer Attorney General John
itchell, Mitchell’s aide Robert
of a (i
|ty, tk |
Mardian and Nixon re-election
committee counsel Kenneth Parkin
Haldeman, Ehrlichman and
Mitchell were all jailed eventually
for their roles in the coverup. Mar-
dian’s conviction ( was reversed on
appeal and Parkinson was acquitted.
In this case, major networks and a
recording company sought public
distribution of the actual recordings
— which include John Dean’s warn
ing to Nixon of “a cancer on the
They proposed a plan to have the
National Archives sell cassettes of
the tapes to the public at a modest
price and for radio and television
stations to broadcast the confidential
Oval Office conservations.
But Justice Lewis Powell, speak
ing for the Supreme Court, rejected
their argument that copies of the
tapes in U.S. District Judge John
Sirica’s custody may be publicly dis
tributed under a commonlaw right
of access to court records.
That right is not absolute, said
Powell. In this case there is an “al
ternative means of public access. ”
Today’s ruling affects only the
networks’ plan to copy the
Watergate cover-up tapes which are
in Sirica’s custody. A lawyer for
Nixon said it has always been his
understanding that these tapes
eventually will be turned over to the
National Archives. Thus, the Su
preme Court decision does not
necessarily block them from one day
being made available to the public.
But it may be a long time.
Strip mining Texas lignite should
be viewed as a “deep plowing” op
eration that will make agricultural
land more productive, a Texas A&M
University geologist says.
Improving the landscape will re
quire special dispensations from the
federal government, said Dr. Chris
topher Mathewson, associate pro
fessor of geology at Texas A&M. He
said once environmentalists and the
federal agencies accept the idea that
strip mining actually can improve
Texas lands, then the mining com
panies may have a chance to mine
the soft coal.
“ What we really need to do is re
define strip mining as agricultural
improvement, Mathewson says.
“It’s just some 80 feet of deep plow
ing. Mining in Texas does not de
stroy the land. If anything, it makes
It more productive.”
He prefers to call it a “no net vol
ume loss” mining operation. There’s
more dirt after mining than before.
The increased volume of dirt does
not make sense, Mathewson admits,
until people realize the soil over the
lignite areas is very compact. In
tests at Texas A&M, as much as a 50
percent increase in volume was
“Federal law decrees that miners
save the top soil, and put it back on
top,” Mathewson emphasizes. “The
top soil around the highland coal
mining areas of Texas is about as
porous as a concrete slab.”
Top soil's range from 4 to 12
inches, depending on the area of the
“Our studies indicate that a one-
year-old reclaimed strip mine is a far
more productive pasture than un-
mined pasture land adjacent to it,”
he said. “When we get in there and
break up the land as it is mined, we
also have a more porous land that is
better suited to agricultural produc
Mathewson said the attitude that
strip mining is raping Mother Na
ture is wrong. “Emotional pres
entations you see of mining opera
tions decades ago are the worst view
of strip mining imaginable,” he said.
“They have nothing to do with cur
rent mining operations, especially
in light of today’s governmental re
Approximately 100 billion tons of
Texas lignite are at depths of 200 to
500 feet, uneconomical for strip
mining but a potential for gasifica
tion. About 10 billion tons are at
strip mining depth, in layers of less
than 10 feet.
The major deposits occur in areas
with no serious acidic water prob
lems, no large rock formation and
average to poor farmland.
Fred J. Benson, vice president for
engineering and non-renewable re
sources at Texas A&M, has pre
dicted the rich lignite belt will at
tract major industry by the turn of
“So much of American industry
will have moved to Texas that parts
of the state will be like Germany’s
Ruhr Valley or the midland area of
England around Birmingham, Ben
“Texas lignite reserves constitute
about 1 million surface mineable
acres,” explains Mathewson. “For
some reason, people think that
when lignite mining comes to Texas
we are going to dig up the whole
state,” he said.
Use of coal throughout the United
States is increasing. Since 1973, coal
production has increased an average
of 3.5 percent a year. Coal ac
counted for 18 percent of all energy
consumption in 1973. It is up to 20
Texas lignite is a low-energy
member of the coal family.
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Why? Because, at Green Bros., we are all Aggies and we try to
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