The battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, January 23, 1991, Image 1

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1991 The Battalion We asked and you said ... Students give opinions on invasion of Iraq See Page 3 9 Vol. 90 No. 76 USPS 045360 10 Pages College Station, Texas Wednesday, J anuary 23, 1991 Iraqi missile claims first Israeli lives nale m mself in shocked . against Bush applauds Israeli control, icondemns Iraq 1 WASHINGTON (AP) — The |White House praised Israel’s re straint in the uncertain hours after an Iraqi missile attack on Tel Aviv. Some members of Congress said they could sympathize with Israel if it counterattacked. President Bush met with his war ilanners at the White House shortly after a Scud missile struck a resi dential section of the Israeli city, j with a loll of three dead and at least 170 wounded. I “We condemn this brutal act of I terror against innocent victims,” I White House press secretary Marlin iFitzwater said. “Israel has shown remarkable re straint in the face of this aggression. We continue to consult with the gov ernment of Israel and will continue doing so as events unfold,” he said. “A nation clearly is on the firmest ground when they are defending their own people,” said Sen. Phil Gramm, R-Texas. "They have an absolute right to respond,” said Sen. John Kerry, D- Mass. At the Israeli Embassy, Ambassa dor Zalman Shoval declined to rule out a retaliatory strike but also said a response from Israel “would not necessarily have the character of ret ribution.” He said “it’s not necessar ily eye for and eye” but how best to protect the Israeli people. Bush reviewed the status of the war with Vice President Dan Quayle, Secretary of State James A. Baker III, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and his top national security advis ers. i the top told the 1 not int one call e served olic bev- r. It said ,ved the that he linet for ss knew ieve the items in at 775- a a — isiii • The Iraqis set the oil-producing heart of Kuwait ablaze. • Iraqi tanks maneuver, reposition and dig in just across the Kuwait border, ready for a fight. • Tel Aviv is hit with Iraqi Scud missiles, and deaths are reported. • U.S. Patriot missiles take out some incoming Scuds, but can’t stop the entire Iraqi attack on Tel Aviv. • The threat of terrorist attacks in Texas has federal and local authorities constantly working to prevent potential strikes against U.S. citizens as well as discrimination against Arab-Americans. • Oil prices jumped nearly $3 per barrel Tuesday as traders were rattled by Iraqi attacks. Patriot fails, Scud hits Israeli residential area DHAHRAN, Saudi Arabia (AP) — A cornered Iraq lashed out at ene mies south and west Tuesday with terror from the sky, firing missiles at both Saudi Arabia and Israel. One Scud slammed into homes in Tel Aviv and pushed Israel closer to joining the Persian Gulf war. At least three people died and 70 were wounded in Tel Aviv, Israeli military officials said. The new U.S.- supplied Patriot defense system failed to stop the incoming Iraqi mis siles, they said. But the Patriot interceptor mis siles did their job against Scuds fall ing on Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. The oil-pumping heart of Kuwait burned through the day Tuesday, spreading black smoke screens across the sky. On the northern Saudi Arabian front lines, Iraqi tanks have been shuttling from one hardened posi tion to another, and Iraqi gunners have fired sporadically on U.S. lines, officers reported. “He still has a lot of firepower,” Col. Ron Richard, a Marine intelli gence officer, said. “This is not an enemy that is going to go easy.” The relentless allied air war passed a new mark of 10,000 aircraft sorties. Iraq asserted the U.S.-led coali tion’s warplanes struck residential areas of Baghdad and other cities in 20 attacks late Monday and early Tuesday. Iraqi radio also claimed the Desert Storm bombers attacked two major Islamic religious sites and vowed that “holy anger” would translate into “suicide operations that will seek retribution.” The U.S. military maintains it is Leaders aim for peaceful resolution of crackdown RIGA, U.S.S.R. (AP) — The Lat- vian leadership on Tuesday said So viet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev has agreed not to impose direct Kretnlm rule in the secessionist re public. Latvian President Anatolijs Gor bunovs met for two-and-a-half hours Tuesday with Gorbachev in Moscow to discuss the Soviet military crack down that has claimed six lives in the Baltic republic. Fourteen people were killed Jan. 13 in Lithuania dur ing a similar Soviet assault. The Soviet president appeared on national television Tuesday to say he remained committed to a peaceful resolution of tensions in the Baltics, all of which want independence from Moscow. But one Latvian law maker expressed skepticism that Gorbachev could control the mili tary. Gorbunovs traveled to Moscow at Gorbachev's invitation hoping to dif fuse tensions with the Kremlin. But after the meeting, he said the Soviet leader offered no concrete proposals on how to solve the con- tlict between pro-independence and pro-Kremlin forces in Latvia. Gorbunovs said Gorbachev ex pressed regret over the loss of life in the attack by forces loyal to the Com munist Party. The Latvian president said Gor bachev also had agreed presidential rule was not necessary now in the re public. Gorbachev’s powerful office allows him to impose direct rule in any of the 15 Soviet republics, mean ing he could disband local parlia ments and take other drastic steps. A Kremlin envoy told reporters Monday that Gorbachev was consid ering imposing presidential rule in Latvia. “We came to the same conclusion that there is the possibility in Latvia for political dialogue and there is no need for presidential rule,” Gorbu novs said. “We will continue dia logue.” The central issue, however, of whether Latvian or Soviet laws apply in the republic remains. Gorbunovs said Gorbachev told him the Soviet constitution must be the basis of all negotiations between the Soviet Union and Latvia. That would rule out independence for the republic. Latvia maintains that laws passed by its elected parliament are valid. Texas A&M students listen to speakers Tuesday afternoon at a pro-life rally held in the Memorial Student Center Flagroom. Tues- Localpolitical leaders speak atpro-life rally By GREG MT.JOY Of The Battalion Staff Texas A&M students read anti-abortion letters from local congressmen Tuesday during a pro-life rally marking the 18th anniversary of legalized abortion. The rally, organized by Aggies For Life and sponsored by several student and local anti-abortion groups, featured mes sages from U.S. Sen. Phil Gramm, U.S. Rep. Joe Barton, State Sen. Jim Turner and State Rep. Steve Ogden. More than 150 people, mostly A&M students, gathered in the MSC Flagroom to listen to Barton say that the uncertain future of an unwanted child is better than death by abortion. Ogden’s message echoed the opinions of Barton, as did other letters. Ogden also linked abortion to crimes of violence against women, drug abuse and racism, saying these problems are caused bv society’s failure to teach respect for innocent human life. John Davis, president of Aggies For Life, said he was pleased with the turnout. “I thought it went well,” Davis said. “With classes going on, it is tough to get that many people here for the entire rally.” Anti-war demonstrators, however, disrupted the anti-abor tion rally. Protesters remained quiet through most of the rally, but one demonstrator shouted that Gramm might support pro-life is- See Rally/Page 8 DARRIN HILL/The Battalion day marked the 18th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, and was observed across the nation. Protesters urge Bush to ‘keep issue alive’ WASHINGTON (AP) — About 25,000 right-to-life demon strators, exhorted by President Bush “to keep this issue alive,” made their annual march upon the Supreme Court on Tues day to decry the decision 18 years ago that legalized abortion. Bush took time out from monitoring developments in the Persian Gulf war at the White House to speak by telephone hookup to the gathering, which assembled on the capital’s Mall in sub-freezing temperatures. “I’m pleased that my voice is pan of the growing chorus that simply says: Choose life,” Bush said. Bushhas addressed the anti-abortion marchers by telephone hookup in each of the three years of his presidency. “I’m encouraged In the progress which has taken place,” he said. “Attempts bv Congress to expand federal funding for abortion have been defeated and the Supreme Court has taken welcome steps toward i e\ ei sing its Roe vs. Wade decision.” However, despite the successes, “abortion on demand con tinues unabated in this country,” Bush said. He urged more work to promote alternatives to abortion, including adoption. “You, the volunteers ... must make it your goal to keep this issue alive and predominate in the halls of Congress, the courts and in the minds of the American people,” Bush said. The march drew far fewer supporters than last year, and leaders said it was because of concerns about the war and pos sible terrorism. Officer Dan Nichols of the LLS. Capitol Police estimated the crowd at 25,000. The National Park Service and the city police department concurred in that figure, compared with an esti mate of 75,000 at last year’s march. limiting attacks to strategic targets and has said specifically it will avoid Islamic holy places. Journalists who left Baghdad in recent days said the population has either fled to the countryside or set tled into basement shelters. They said they saw little serious damage to civilian areas. At Dhahran, incoming Scuds were intercepted and destroyed by Patriot defense missiles, witnesses said. An unspecified number of Scuds rained down on Israel late Tuesday, and one that penetrated the Patriot shield landed in a residential area, hitting densely packed apartments, flattening one building and badly damaging two others. Military officials said three elderly people suffered cardiac arrest, and at least 70 people were wounded, three seriously. Hours later, people were still trapped in the ruins. After Tuesday’s missile strike, an Israeli army spokesman said of the Patriots: “They were fired; they did not hit.” Earlier in the day. Foreign Min ister David Levy suggested Israel might have to respond to another at tack. “Nobody in Israel is interested in being a sacrificial lamb,” he said. After the attack, it was announced the Israeli Cabinet would meet Wednesday to decide how to re spond. Twenty or 30 mobile Scud launch ers are believed to be on the loose in southern Iraq, apparently hiding during the day, emerging to menace Israel and Saudi Arabia at night. SBSLC plays host to annual conference By JULIE MYERS Of The Battalion Staff About 700 students from states as far as Illinois will travel to Texas A&M to attend the third annual Southwestern Black Student Lead ership Conference, “One People, One Aim, One Destiny.” The purpose of the conference, beginning Thursday, is to develop and enrich the academic, political and cultural awareness of African- American student leaders, Vivian Warmly, SBSLC chairperson and A&M senior management and mar keting major, said. “I look at this conference as the second way to save the planet Earth,” Warmly said. “This time, we are recycling knowledge of how to deal with our fellow man.” The SBSLC also will address problems facing African-American collegians and the African-American community. The conference includes ban quets, workshops and a job fair. Joshua I. Smith, Dr. Benjamin Hooks and Tony Brown will deliver speeches during the banquet. Smith is the founder and chief ex ecutive officer of the MAXIMA Corp., which provides information for government and commercial cli ents. It employs more than 1,000 employees in 46 locations across the United States. Hooks has been the executive di rector of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People since 1977. He is a licensed minister, lawyer and banker. Brown is also a producer, educa tor, writer and film director. His col umn is syndicated to more than 100 newspapers. Brown also was the founding dean and professor of the School of Communications at Howard Univer sity where he initiated the annual Careers Conference, which helps qualified African-Americans find jobs in the communications industry. Rep. Wilhemina Delco also will speak Friday. She has been the Tra vis County state representative since 1974 and is presently House speaker pro tern and a member of the Sci ence and Technology Committee. Warmly said about 7 percent of students attending the 1990 confer ence were white, and she expects See SBSLC/Page 8