The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, April 08, 1987, Image 10
Page 10/The Battalion/Wednesday, April 8, 1987
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World and Nation
Differences among TV preachers
overlooked after Bakker scandal
Vocational distinctions of religious personalities clouded
NEW YORK (AP) — In the hub
bub over TV preachers, some voca
tional distinctions in the religious
world are being generally obscured,
leaving considerable confusion
Mainly the misunderstandings
have shown up about about the dif
ferences between “evangelists,”
“evangelicals” and “TV ministers” or
They’re quite dissimilar, and while
their elements sometimes overlap,
the current ruckus about religious
television personalities tends to blur
As a prime instance, most of the
noted figures of what’s called the
“electronic church” are not evangel
ists, per se, meaning those with a
special ministry of eliciting conver
sions to Christianity.
Instead, they mostly are television
preachers or ministers, largely de
voted to instructing their followers,
mostly regular audiences, rather
than primarily summoning the reli
giously indifferent to faith.
That task is the particular role of
the evangelist, the best known of
whom is Billy Graham, who runs his
crusades around the globe to invite
commitments to Christ.
Oral Roberts, presiding over his
Oklahoma domain of a university, a
hospital and television production,
whose give-or-he’d-die plea netted
its $8 million, has himself said he is
not an evangelist, but a “TV pre
Jim Bakker, who resigned as head
of his Bible park and PTL (Praise
the Lord or People That Love) TV
ministry because of involvement in a
sex affair, was not primarily an evan
gelist, but a television personality.
He, along with his wife, Tammy,
with their conversational and musi
cal shows, simply had built up a huge
and regular audience of captivated
devotees, much as Johnny Carson
Jerry Falwell, picked by Bakker to
replace him for the time being, is ba
sically the pastor of a congregation,
Thomas Road Baptist Church in
Lynchburg, Va., whose services are
televised on “T he Old 1 ime Gospel
He is not strictly an evangelist, al
though some evangelism may enter
into his otherwise extensive ministry
of running his church, a university,
anti the politically-oriented Moral
Mait >rity movement he founded.
M.G. “Pat" Robertson, head of big
Christian Broadcasting Network in
Virginia Beach, Va., and now a Re
publican presidential hopeful, has
Indian tribal dances relieve
stress for Vietnam veterans
SAN XAVIER, Ariz. (AP) — In
dian warriors of the Great Plains
once shook gourd rattles as they
danced for power and honor.
Today, the centuries-old steps of
the gourd dance are followed by
some Indian veterans of Vietnam.
That dance and other tribal ritu
als may be helping these modern
warriors fend off post-traumatic
stress linked to Vietnam, says
Thomas Holm, who teaches Univer
sity of Arizona classes on Indian pol
icy and on the Vietnam War.
Holm, an associate professor of
political science who was among
those dancing during the recent an
nual powwow on the San Xavier In
dian Reservation, served with the
U.S. Marine Corps in Vietnam from
November 1967 to December 1968.
Part Cherokee and part Creek In
dian, he has been studying Indian
Vietnam veterans for the 6-year-old
Vietnam Veterans Inter-tribal Asso
Those who returned from South
east Asia to tribes in which ceremony
and ritual remain strong seem to
have had fewer problems adjusting
to postwar life, he said, citing a sur
vey of some 170 Indian veterans.
“As we become more secular as
Americans, more scientific, we tend
to scoff at ritual and ceremony as not
being useful,” Holm says. “Far from
that, I’m finding that ritual is very,
Rituals honoring veterans, in par
ticular, seem to foster a healthier
self-image, he says.
A Winnebago elder. Holm says,
once explained such ceremonies
with these words: “We honor our
veterans because by seeing death on
the battlefield, they truly know the
greatness of life.”
The gourd dance originated with
the Kiowa, a southern plains tribe in
which the highest status once was
achieved only thxough success in
Kiowa songs, ihe gourd dance today
has spread to.many other trilies.
“The U.S. had made it a |K>licy to
get rid of these warrior scxieties in
the 19th century,” Holm says.
“These songs were kept alive in indi
“Then, after World War I. people
would get together and sing the
songs but not have the tull-fledged
ceremonies. Alter World War II,
with all the veterans coming back,
they started doing the dances.
Another warrior society that sur
vived is the Coyote Society ol the \ a-
qui Indians of Arizona and Mexico.
A Coyote Society member once
told Holm that the group took its
name out of kinship with the animals
who are “the only ones after the bat
tle who will he around to pick up our
The gourd dancers were mem
bers of a Kiowa warrior society, one
of many such Indian military socie
Accompanied by the original
The weekend powwow also fea
tured Pima, Apache, I ohono O’od-
ham, Oto, Cherokee and Jemez
dancers. Proceeds benefit the yearlv
cycle of religious leasts at the mis
after short lei
Restless high-school students
find college made for them
GREAT BARRINGTON, Mass.
(AP) — Laura Sayre was 16 when
she dropped out of high school for
something less boring — college.
Now she credits Simon’s Rock of
Bard College for saving her from
two more years of high school.
Simon’s Rock, the nation’s only
college primarily oriented toward
restless but motivated high-school-
age students, is celebrating its 20th
anniversary. The school has grad
uated more than 1,000 students. It
opened with 55 high-school sopho
mores, all girls, and now averages
300 male and female students a year.
The college draws on a small
group of dissatisfied students who
drop out of high school for the chal
lenges of college.
The idea is not new. The late Rob
ert M. Hutchins, while president of
the University of Chicago, opened
his school to teen-age students in the
1930s because he believed the last
few years of high school were wasted
on many of them.
But Simon’s Rock is the only col
lege primarily for younger students.
Some college-age students are ad
mitted, but they are the minority in a
school founded on the belief that
younger students fare better when
studying alongside their peers.
Leon Botstein, president of Bard
College of Annandale-on-Hudson,
N.Y.Botstein says Simon’s Rock
proves that better-than-average stu
dents can be engaged in serious aca
demics at an earlier age instead of
wasting time getting deluged by triv-
iaat conventional high schools.
Dean of Academic Affairs Ber
nard Rogers says some students
come to the college with mediocre
high-school grades. “We think that’s
because they were bored,” he said.
“There’s probably one student in ev
ery school in the country that needs
Because of their tender age,
freshmen observe more rules than
those at other colleges. They live in
single-sex dormitories with strict vis
iting hours. All classes are limited to
15 students and freshmen are
watched closely by teachers, who
meet with them every week to en
sure they are on the right track.
Students may earn an associate
degree in two years and go on to
other colleges or stay to earn their
lOI.EDO. Ohio (AP)
P.intera, a half-breed spor
that expet ien<ed .i short lit!
American highways, is wt
i < '.ids again and undergointj
naissance in northwest Ohio
can sports car was introdiril
this country in 1971. It i
peared from the American!;
in 1975 because of bodn
problems and a clisagreemfflij
tween the body makers!
Henr\ Ford 11, whose ForiDI
tor Co. produced theenginei I
Kirk Evans, a car bun in ll
seon, savs the rust problemsls
l>een solved, and hehasbro^
t he ca i back to life in his dm a
about 30 miles westofToledaj
“It's quite a nice-looking])
when it's all put together, 1
said. "It has a L'.S. engine,]
people like the serviceabfcl
Evans, 30, was just out olS
sc hool when he bought his a
Pantera in 1974. Thirteenn
later, after working for s
years restoring and mot
the cars, Evans is ownerofii
rispoi t Inc., and the solehtj
American distributor of PanH
“I've always loved the car
kept doing a lot of improve®
and made cosmetic pieces tel
c ar," Evans said. “It wasthe*
thing that really was in the[dj
range I could afford.
“It is a lot less thanthefl
cars, like the Lamborghini?
Ferrari. I thought it vvasah
for die money and, franklpb
think it is.”
At $67,900, however, the £
engine Pantera is notaptafl
“It’s a toy,” Evans!
toy that is not as exotic as soittj
the Ferarris, Maseratis, the J
ian exotics. You canj
car and pretty much dhsttl
the lime. It is obviously not
thing you’re going to wantte i!
the country in.”
But if it were, it would be
ride, [lowered by a
Cleveland block V-8 engine 0
accelerates from a standstill
mph in 5.5 seconds.
Museum shows commitment to displaying latest art item
RIDGEFIELD, Conn. (AP) — The smell of
fresh paint is in the air at the Aldrich Museum of
Contemporary Art. The fumes are the result of
the museum’s recent renovation, but wet paint
isn’t covering only the walls.
Exhibits arrive at the Aldrich Museum so fresh
from the easel and chisel that some are still
gummy and others are not yet considered com
plete by their creators.
They state the commitment of the 23-year-old
museum and its founder, former dress manufac
turer Larry Aldrich, to displaying the work of
artists who are in the vanguard of the latest
movements in visual art.
The museum has been savaged as a rich man’s
tax writeoff, a showcase for the mediocre and a
museum not dedicated enough to art to acquire a
significant permanent collection.
But Aldrich says the criticism doesn’t mean
much to him and he’s won over people by the
present-day success of artists, such as Jasper
Johns and Frank Stella, whose works now some
times command more than $1 million at auction.
In die 1960s, he said, their creationswer^J
museum and widely scorned.
“There were occasions (after) we ol*
when some older people practically
screaming,” Aldrich recalled. "I enjoyeM
Experts, however, said the ;f
broadened its perspective since thedaysii 11
contained Aldrich’s personal collection 4
had added to the cult ural scene in Conned 10
Aldrich, 80, a New York City and Rif.
resident, began collecting European art nl
before World War II.
The annual Freshman and Sophomore Math
ematics Contest will be held Thursday, April 16,
1987 form 7:30 to 9:30 PM. The Freshmen Con
test will be in Room 216 Milner Hall and the
Sophomore Contest in 304 Milner Hall. No cal
culators - all test material will be provided. Prizes
for winners of first place will be $100.°°, second
place $60.°°, and third place $40.°°. Prerequisite
for Freshmen contest is knowledge of calculus
through Math 151 or equivalent, for the Sopho
more contest knowledge of calculus through
Math 253 or equivalent.
State Inspection Station
308 S. Jersey
ssified 845-26 r
repeatedly insisted he’snotajitJ
gelist, but a religious broadcast^,]
Jimmy Swaggart, whose fid
Rouge, La., TV ministry con®
a huge and expressivelyadorinj
dience, and who figured ini)kJ
c harges against Bakker,isnois]*
ieallv an evangelist, but a prea
performer. He emotes,
and evokes fervor from a nation
TV floc k — his regular contribj
< ailed “outreach partners’’
Rol km t Schuller is a Refoj
Church in America pastor,i
"I lour of Power” sermonstoy
giegation at its CrystalCathednlj
Carden Grove, Calif., are i
shown on television.
With a strong ingredient o[|j
c hological insights, his
not directly evangelistic,butnuj
the- nature of pastoral conn!
for more confident living.