The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, September 23, 1985, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Page 2/The Battalion/Monday, September 23, 1985 l Opinion vm Time to slay Goliath The national debt is approaching 2 trillion dollars. Ameri ca’s trade deficit is projected to reach $150 billion dollars by the end of 1985. To help slow our economic troubles, Congress is attempting to pass protectionist legislation. But keeping Foreign goods away from our shores will do more harm than good to our economy. Protectionism basically means placing trade restrictions on imported goods. Such restrictions harm the economies of devel oping nations because we aren’t pumping our money into their economy. As a result, these same countries can’t afford to buy American exports, which harms our already endangered econ omy. Foreign imports are blamed for stealing manufacturing jobs from American workers. Many people feel other countries are being unfair by charging high tariffs on American goods or by not importing them at all. Such “unfairness” is a minor eco nomic Foss when compared to our overall export shortcomings. As long as the deficit remains in its current out-of-control state, the trade value of the dollar will remain high in the world market. As long as the dollar remains high, many countries will refuse to buy American goods. To compete with foreign trade, we must get a grip on our runaway deot. Instead of working on more than 300 bills that would limit the sale of foreign goods. Congress should pass leg islation curtailing government spending and bring our Goliath like deficit under control. The Battalion Editorial Board C - ’"'j aii port »t l" 1 ■ferton THIS LAMP’S IM PEBT TO \OU AMP ME ! ence Fr i This earlier! tal feck ject to $ airp< The rd tf airport April b; Waco cc | The tending i. . . Twin 5,1 MAGGl th ? r ®fWHw(P rtMdei l/n, ( ^„4 rUn ! Vay Tnodate — ready in IThe Decreased defense spending key to social prosper! Loren Steffy About the time John Lennon was shot I was begin ning to appreciate many of the things he stood for. He couldn’t fathom war. He couldn’t comprehend how countries could fight each other when both sides . n. i h = had numerous internal struggles. He couldn’t understand how countries in which thousands of people were starv ing could afford to spend millions of dollars to buy guns. The problem hasn’t gotten better in the five years since Lennon’s death. The world spent almost $700 billion on weapons this year. But increased weap ons expenditures has a partner in rising statistics — the world unemployment rate increased by 500 million as well. At the same time the nations of the world are making war, or preparing for it, they also are breaking new records in unemployment rates. Obviously, just because the figures rose at the same time doesn’t mean un employment occurred because of an ip- crease in defense spending. But a de crease of 8 or 10 percent in military spending could curb disease, illiteracy and hunger. Studies in the United States and Western Europe have shown that high spending in military equipment in creases inflation, sucks up natural re sources, causes setbacks in technological development, hurts the standing of liv ing and generally does nasty things to the economy. Out of thirteen nations surveyed be tween 1960 and 1979, the United States ranked first in defense spending but only eleventh in gross national product growth. Other studies by economists such as John Kenneth Galbraith and Seymor Melman found that reduced military spending boosted the economy and generated employment. The common arguments in favor of defense spending usually come in two varieties: • A strong defense is necessary to en sure protection from enemies. • Defense contracts create jobs in the private sector. True, a strong defense is necessary to protect a nation from possible attack by its enemies. But if your enemy can wipe your country off the map thirteen times, and you can eliminate his twelve times, what difference does it make? True, defense contracts do create jobs — about 75,000. for every $ 1 billion invested according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Bureau also found that the same amount of money invested in civil engineering creates '110,000 or 112r,000 jobs in consumer goods production. One billion dollars invested in education would produce f87,000jobs. If defense spending were reduced and government expenditures were in creased in other types of production, more jobs would be created. For developing countries, reduced arms expenditures could mean even greater benefits. Developing nations get more than 80 percent of their weapons from NATO. The money the average developing country spends on one F-16 fighter could equip 7,000 classrooms. Most of the world’s population is in developing countries, but so is the larg est number of unemployed. These na tions, which have a lower growth rate than developed ones, spend a much larger portion on their GNP for military expenses. Even in nations such as Ethiopia, where thousands of people starve daily, much of the government spending goes to the military. India spends an average 5.9 percent of their GNP on military, but only 2.8 percent on education and 1 percent on public health care. If developing nations are ever going to develop, they need to divert more of their funding to programs aimed at up grading the quality of living. This doesn’t mean that no money should be spent on national defense, but the amount of money diverted from the world’s defense budget and put towards other programs would hardly be notice able. Letter to the Readers A guide to Baft talk and other journalism jargon To help alleviate some communica tion conflicts, I’ve compiled a list of some Battalion lingo. article: An article is a news story. Re porters are instructed to make all arti cles accurate, fair and free from opin ion. To quote from The Battalion’s editorial policy: “News reporting in The Battalion shall be factual, accurate, in formative and responsible. Reporters and editors have an obligation to ensure fairness and to see that all aspects of each issue are presented in all news and feature stories.” feature story: Features are lighter ar ticles that are timeless and deal more with human interest topics. hard news: This term is used to refer to those articles in which timeliness is of .Rhoicrci Many times news paper folk get caught up in a nether world of journalistic jar gon. We have many words and phrases that we use in our day-to-day operation of The Battalion that often are under stood only by those in the newspaper business. Many people — and for good reason — don’t understand Batt talk. The dif ference between articles and columns or between columns and editorials are good examples. The bewildering look on some people’s faces as they stroll in the newsroom makes it apparent they are not sure to which of our 18 editors they need to talk. utmost importance. These articles are usually sparked by events such as speeches, accidents or protests. column: This is one of the most mis understood items in our paper. A col umn is one person’s opinion on some thing. These opinions are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Battalion staff (in cluding the editor and the editorial board), University faculty and staff or Texas A&M University. editorial: An editorial is the opinion of the newspaper. Battalion editorials are written by a member of the editorial board and approved by a majority of ed itorial board members. editor: That’s me. As editor, I am ul timately responsible for everything that goes into the paper. The editor is re sponsible for hiring and firing of the staff, and is the leader of the editorial board. The term “editor” also is a part of the job titles of 17 other Battalion staff members. Our editors don’t just edit. They organize, plan, counsel and super vise as well. managing editor: The managing edi tor is responsible for the daily workings of the newspaper. The ME works closely with the editor to make sure the news room runs smoothly. city editor: The city editor is in charge of coordinating all local stories. Along with her two assistants, she as signs stories that are of local interest. Have a story idea? She’s the person to see. news editor: The news editors are re sponsible for the placement of stories in the paper. They also scan the Associated Press stories and decide which ones will be used each day. The news editor is in charge of the newsroom at night. opinion page editor: Deciding the contents of each day’s opinion page is this editor’s primary responsibility. He chooses the columns, editorial cartoons and letters that will run each day. He also is the primary author of the editori als. Sports editor: This is one editor who’s title actually reflects his job. He is in charge of sports coverage and the lay out of the sports pages. Entertainment editors: These editors are in charge of producing The Battal ion’s magazine supplement, At Ease. Thfey make the story assignments, edit the articles and decide the placement of those articles in the magazine. Art director: This position used to be known as the photo editor. However, the responsibilities of this position have grown to include not'only the coordina tion of photos, but also artwork and graphics. We also have assistant news editors, copy editors and a make-up editor. These editors help the news editor edit stories and place stories on the pages. One more set of titles merits explana tion. The writers of our articles are dis tinguished as either staff writers or re porters. Staff writers are paid reporters hired to do two or three stories per week. Reporters are journalism students in an advanced reporting and editing class. These students do stories for The Battalion as part of their class require ments. Maybe these brief explanations will give readers a better understanding of newspaper terminology, who we are and what we are doing. The purpose of this column is to in crease communication between the edi tors of The Battalion and the readers. If you have a question or a problem you would like to see addressed in this col umn, please send a letter to the editor or call The Battalion editor at 845-2647. Rhonda Snider is a senior journalism major and editor of The Battalion. _ , . Kornis Man has been fighting man as 10 ,^, a there has been man. It’s time to; Coon, R don our militaristic ways and coi Blue, Pe ourselves with the social weU-beinj®" 65 s the peoples of the world. Speticf| rme(l . $700 billion on weapons while 500 lion people are out of work is a harlJL,- ^ ger of disaster. Ks. v Uneducated, sick and impovm’I^ 35 people can't help their countrydevelK^^ socially, politically or economically. p j through quality education, healthoT and jobs a country can provide^ with a better defense than any nunili of weapons could. Lennon was right, nations have: sponsibilities to their people. A si more act defense is part of that responsibilityilays. “I’d so is social development, educatK® health care, creating jobs and an I creasing standard of living. Loren Steffy is a junior journalism cl jor and the Opinion Page Editor: j The Battalion. tosponso ats. ere iteeds, p ials and ays. The Battalion USPS 045 360 Member of Texas Press Association Southwest Journalism Conference The Battalion Editorial Board Rhonda Snider, Editor Michelle Powe, Managing Editor Loren Steff y, Opinion Page Editor Karen Bloch, City Editor John Hallett, Kay Mallett, News Editors Travis Tingle, Sports Editor The Battalion Staff Assistant City Editors Kirsten Dietz, JerryOslir. Assistant News Editors Cathie Anderson, Jan Pem Assistant Sports Editor Charean Williams Entertainment Editors Cathy Riely, Walter Smiik Art Director. Wayne Grabein Copy Editors Rebecca Adair. Mike Davis, Sarah Oates Make-up Editor Ed Cassavo) Staff Writers Tamara Bel, Meg Cadigan, Ed Cassavoy, Cindy Gay, Doug Hal. Paul Herndon, Wendy Jonnson Tammy Kirk, Jens Koepk, Trent Leopold, Mary McWhorter. June Pang, TriciaParker, Brian Pearson, Lynn RaePovec, Marybeth Rohsner, Gigi Shamsy, Kenneth Sury Cartoonists Mike Lane, Scott McCullar, Kevin Thomas Columnists Camille Brown, John Hallett, Karl Pallmeyer Photographers Greg Bailey, Anthony Casper, Frank Hada, Jaime Lopez, Michael Sandier Editorial Policy The Battalion is a non-profit, self-supporting newsfapt' operated as a community service to Texas AScM id Bryan-College Station. Opinions expressed in The Battalion are those of tit Editorial Board or the author, and do not necessarily rtf resent the opinions of Texas A&M administrators, Mo or the Board of Regents. The Battalion also serves as a laboratory newspaper In students in reporting, editing and photograph) da«e within the Department of Communications. The Battalion is published Monday through Frida) dot- B ing Texas A&M regular semesters, except for holida)ad K examination periods. Mail subscriptions are $16.15pent- ■ mester, $33.25 per school year and $35 per full year. M- E vertising rates furnished on request. Our atldress: The Battalion, 216 Reed McDoroli I Building, Texas A&M University, College Station, Vi I 77843. Editorial staff phone number: (409) 845-3316. Ad I vertising: (409) 845-2611. Second class piostage paid at College Station, TX 77MJ. I POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Ball)! I ion, Texas A&M University, College Station, Tea i 77843