The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, August 14, 1985, Image 1

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Austin woman gives $65,000
AIDS causing unrest, fear
Yeoman's Coogs won't need
to aid rebels in Nicaragua
in prisons around country
any divine providence in '85
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Tne Battalion
Vol. 80 No. 190 GSPS 045360 6 pages
College Station, Texas
Wednesday, August 14,1985
o signs of more survivors in JAL wreckage
Associated Press
^ MT. OSUDAKA, Japan — Res
cuers who saw a hand move in the
Iwreckage of a JAL plane Tuesday
found Four people alive, apparently
the only survivors from a jumbo jet
that crashed on this remote moun
tain with 524 people aboard. It was
the world’s worst single-plane air di
Part of the vertical tail fin of the
Boeing 747SR was found 90 miles
away, along a route the plane fol
lowed before veering off course. In-
Ivestigators said that might explain
why the pilot lost control of the Ja
pan Air Lines jet, which crashed
Monday shortly after takeoff.
: Searchers told reporters at the
Arsonists set
home on fire
Associated Press
— Arsonists set fire Tuesday to the
home of Winnie Mandela, wife of
South Africa’s imprisoned black
leader, and she accused security po
lice of setting the blaze,
i Mandela said the country’s white
government has “declared war on
tne oppressed people of this coun
‘‘It is the local security (police)
branch sent by their bosses, Man
dela told reporters as she inspected
the charred remains of her posses
sions at the gutted house in the black
township ofTirandfort.
“What they are trying to destroy is
a symbol of resistance, the wife of
Nelson Mandela said. He is leader of
the outlawed African National Con
gress and since 1964 has been serv
ing a life term on convictions of plot
ting sabotage.
Mandela was in Johannesburg
when the fire broke out. Police
blamed the fire, which gutted her
home and an adjoining clinic, on
“unknown arsonists.”
Elsewhere in South Africa, police
reported renewed violence in a half
dozen black townships and six more
people killed. According to figures
compiled by the South Alrican Insti
tute of Race Relations, 604 people
have been killed in nearly a year of
racial violence.
Speculation that the government
plans concessions to the black major
ity were dampened when Cabinet
minister Gernt Viljoen was quoted
as saying there was no question of al
lowing the nation’s 24 million blacks
to have joint political representation
with whites.
Cooperation and Education Min
ister Gerrit Viljoen told an evening
meeting that under coming political
reforms “the white will exchange his
former position of dominance and
only decision-maker for one of part
But, he added, laws would protect
white “residential areas, schools and
President P.W. Botha is to address
the governing National Party con
gress on Thursday. The state-con
trolled radio quoted Viljoen as rul
ing out a common voters’ roll and
saying segregation of schools and
housing will continue. Viljoen is
minister of cooperation ana educa
The fire at Mandela’s home de
stroyed virtually everything in the
gutted buildings.
The attack came a week after po
lice raided Mandela’s home in pur
suit, they said, of rock-throwing
demonstrators. Mandela’s lawyers
kept her at an undisclosed address in
the Johannesburg area after the
Aug. 6 raid, saying they feared for
herlife if she returned to Brandfort.
Mandela, herself a prominent na
tional figure, has lived in Brandfort
since 1977 under a state order ban
ishing her there.
Visiting U.S. Rep. Stephen Solarz
reported after meeting Botha this
week that the South African presi
dent compared the jailing of Man
dela with that of Nazi war criminal
Rudolph Hess, still held in Spandau
prison in Berlin.
densely wooded crash site there
were no further signs of survivors
from Flight 123, a summer holiday-
season run from Tokyo to Osaka. Its
crew reported shortly before the
crash that a rear door was broken
and they could not control the plane.
The survivors were a mother and
daughter, another young girl and an
off-duty stewardess. Rescuers said
debris had shielded them after the
Among the passengers were 21
foreigners, including six Americans.
The large piece of tail fin was
found at sea, about 90 miles south
east of the crash site along the path
the jumbo jet followed before veer
ing sharply north.
A pilot cannot control lateral di
rection without the vertical rudder,
but can control altitude by varying
engine thrust, said Ryo Saji, another
JAL spokesman.
Leaders of the search party said
they still had not found the in-flight
voice recorder, which might provide
some clues to the crash.
There was no immediate explana
tion why the rudder piece had fallen
into the sea. Aviation specialist Ku-
nio Yanagida told Kyodo News Serv
ice the broken door might have
popped out and snapped off part of
the tail fin.
Some of the 2,000 rescuers at the
crash site were lowered from heli
copters. Others climbed for four
agh a
ridge on 5377-foot Mt. Osudaka
where the crashing plane left an L-
shaped swath of destruction.
“Some of the search teams saw a
hand moving in the debris,” said To-
kuo Kurosawa, a volunteer from
nearby Uenomura, about 70 miles
northwest of Tokyo.
Shinji Watarai, general manager
of public relations for JAL, told a
news conference the four survivors
“were found inside the body of the
plane. They were seriously wounded
and could not move by themselves.”
He said they were in the 54th of
theplane’s 60 rows.
The survivors were taken by mili
tary helicopter to the hospital in the
nearby town of Fujioka. Television
pictures showed two of them on
stretchers, dirty, battered and ban-
They were identified as Mrs. Hi-
roko Yoshizaki, 35; her daughter,
Mikiko, 8; Keiko Kawakami, 12, and
Yumi Ochiai, 26, the off-duty stew
Rescuers said they found about 50
bodies, most of which had not been
The 21 foreigners on the passen-
g er list were six Americans, two West
Germans, two Italians, one Briton,
two people believed to be Indian and
four believed to be Chinese residents
of Hong Kong, JAL spokesman Ge
offrey Tudor said.
The Americans listed were Ed
ward Anderson, 47, of Englewood,
Colo., and Michael Hanson, 40, of
Aurora, Colo., both employed by
Stearns Catalytic Co. of Denver;
Ward Wallach, 26, a student from
the Los Angeles area, and three
members of a family named Kim —
Mrs. Okja Kim and two males,
Christopher and Scott, whose home
addresses were not given.
Watari said there was no indica
tion from the pilots of an explosion
before the crash, but the airline has
tightened security procedures.
Kyodo, the news agency, quoted
police as saying two callers identify
ing themselves as “radicals” claimed
to nave blown up the plane.
Gas production
halted in wake
of chemical leak
Fish Out of Water
Photo by Scott Sutherland
Associated Press
INSTITUTE, W.Va. — Union
Carbide Corp. announced Tuesday
it is temporarily suspending produc
tion of aldicarb oxime, the poison
gas involved in a chemical leak that
injured 135 people, and acknowl
edged its computer tracking system
never was programmed Tor the
“I am sure if we had used the sys
tem correctly, it would have worked
better,” said company spokesman
Thad Epps.
The tracking system erroneously
told workers that Sunday’s leak was
contained over the Institute plant
Carbide has blamed it for a 20-
minute reporting delay that allowed
a toxic chemical cloud to settle on
nearby homes before warning sirens
“We substituted a chemical with
close to the same components,” Epps
said. “We got reasonably good pro
gramming. ’
The production halt was an
nounced as a delegation of top fed
eral officials, including Environmen
tal Protection Agency Administrator
Lee Thomas, inspected the plant.
“After looking at the operation, I
have a heightened sense of ur-
S :ncy,” Thomas said after viewing
e tnree gaskets that failed, sending
a toxic cloud of aldicarb oxime over
houses nearby.
“There needs to be more atten
tion given by plant personnel and
more focus on the actual chemicals
involved,” he said. “Also there could
be more safety equipment installed
in case of another incident here or
elsewhere in the future.”
The company has acknowledged
in an internal report that aldicarb
oxime is capable of causing cancer,
infertility, and “irreversible” nerve
But company officials said Tues
day that residents were exposed only
to low levels of the gas during Sun
day’s leak and they disputed reports
that the chemical is as toxic as methyl
isocyanate, the gas that killed 2,000
people last year at Bhopal, India.
Tne Institute plant also is the only
U.S. producer of MIC.
Union Carbide said it was halting
the use of aldicarb oxime until offi
cials know how the accident oc
Despite the production halt, Epps
said that aldicarb oxime is only one-
tenth as deadly as MIC when tested
on laboratory animals.
Epps said he could not say what
would constitute a toxic dose for hu
Nearby residents exposed to the
gas need not fear long-term health
problems, said Vernon N. Houk of
the national Centers for Disease
Control in Atlanta.
“There’s no long-term toxicity
once exposure is stopped,” he said.
Gas prices expected to fall as much as 10 cents
Associated Press
WASHINGTON — Consumers
can expect to pay at least a nickel
and maybe as much as a dime a gal
lon less for gasoline by Christmas as
a surge of imports forces U.S. refin
ers to reduce profit margins and cut
wholesale prices.
Both government and private
economists agree that gasoline im
ports are having more of an effect
on reducing the price motorists pay
at the pump than OPEC’s inability to
halt a continuing gradual erosion in
crude oil prices.
The Energy Information Admin
istration, a statistical and analytical
arm of the Energy Department, pre
dicts in its latest “Short-Term Out
look” published this week that retail
gasoline prices will fall from an aver
age $1.22 a gallon in June to $1.13
by the first quarter of 1986.
Wholesale prices already have
dropped a nickel a gallon in the last
montn. And the lower prices that
first began appearing in the North
east, the Gull Coast and West Coast
markets are beginning to make their
way inland, according to private ana
Normally, residential heating oil
prices could be expected to begin ris
ing this month as homeowners fill
their tanks for the winter. But even
that is not occurring this year.
The EIA says consumers this fall
can expect to pay about 3 cents per
gallon less, or $1.02, for home heat-
ingoil than they did a year ago.
The sayings on gasoline and home
diets residential
crease an average 4 percent for all of
1985 and another 4 percent next
year — to an average $8.33 per
1,000 kilowatt hours.
Natural gas, the other primary
fuel for keeping homes warm in win
ter, is expected to cost slightly less
than it did during the coldest
months last season.
Death certificate changed
Just 24 years later...
Associated Press
AUSTIN — A judge ruled Tues
day that an Agriculture Department
official yvhose death 24 years ago was
linked to former President Lyndon
Johnson by a convicted swindler was
the victim of murder, not suicide.
State District Judge Peter Lowry
said it was “clear and convincing ’
that the 1961 gunshot death of
Henrv Marshall was not self-in
flicted and ordered Marshall’s death
certificate changed.
At the time of his death, Marshall
was investigating Billie Sol Estes, a
flamboyant Yvest Texan who
claimed close ties to Lyndon B.
Johnson. Estes eventually was con
victed of fraud over a non-existent
fertilizer business.
Marshall’s body had been hit five
times with shells from a bolt-action
rifle, but local authorities had called
the death a suicide.
Marshall’s widow, Sybil Marshall,
who had tears welling in her eyes,
was unable to comment after the
verdict, which followed a day-and-
half hearing.
Assistant Texas Attor
ney General Lou Bright unsuccess
fully argued that there wasn’t any
new evidence to justify changing the
cause of death .
Marshall died in a central Texas
cotton field in 1961. A local justice of
peace ruled suicide. There were five
.22-caliber rifle wounds in his side, a
cut on his head and a 15 percent
concentration of carbon monoxide
in his lungs.
Phil Paschall, former Robertson
County district and county attorney,
testified Tuesday that he presented
the 1961 death to a 1984 grand jury
because he had heard “rumors” it
wasn’t suicide.
Former Texas Ranger Capt. Clint
Peoples, who investigated the 1961
slaying, said Monday there was no
a uestion that Marshall was mur-
ered. He said there was evidence of
“a terrific struggle” at the death
House Speaker
Associated Preas
sistant, former Rep. Neal T.
"Buddy” Jones.
' Lewis said Rep. Gordon “Doc”
Arnold Jr., D-Terrell, would re
place Jones, who will practice law
in Austin.
A special election will be called
to choose Arnold’s successor in
the Legislature, Lewis said.
AmofcLSS, isa 1971 graduate
of Baylor University.
Officials appointed
Associated Press
AUSTIN — Gov. Mark White
on Tuesday reappointed former
White House press secretary
George Christian, who now is ah
Austin political consultant, to the
Texas Historical Commission.
Lunelle Anderson of San Mar
cos, assistant to the president of
Southwest Texas State Univer
sity, was appointed to the com
mission, and Virginia Long of
: Kilgore was reappointed.
whose term expired.
The three new terms extend to
Jan. 1,199 L