The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, July 09, 1985, Image 1

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Faculty Senate determines guidelines for scholarships — Page 3 Moslem leaders debate counter sanctions against U.S. — Page 6 '85 Wimbledon brings back legacy of Old West shootout — Page 8 ii ils The Battalion ^ i Vol. 80 No. 167 USPS 045360 8 pages College Station, Texas Tuesday July 9, 1985 above) rench- luring President: Terrorism an act of war, U.S. has right to defend itself 4.7-6; anvier r over t Ger- avrati- ie Uys rterii- gainsi tcuna, , and inaldi gainst iriver , Nav- t f last tleeva tie in dered and a -ating Ma- wn 3- ining ed to d,af- leeva ames ience ourts eaten Associated Press ■ WASHINGTON — President Reagan on Monday branded Iran, ■bya, North Korea, Cuba and Nica ragua as partners in a terrorist net work “now engaged in acts of war” against the United States, and de- Rared that America “has the right to defend itself.” R “The American people are not —I Rpeat not — going to tolerate intim- Ration, terror and outright acts of par against this nation and its peo ple," Reagan said. R “And we are especially not going to tolerate these attacks from outlaw iitates run by the strangest collection of misfits, looney tunes and squalid cmninals since the advent of the Rhird Reich.” ■ The audience of several thousand Relegates to the convention of the Rmerican Bar Association ap plauded and laughed at his descrip- ition of the leaders of the “outlaw Rates.” They also gave the president R standing ovation when he said Americans will always defend their ^Country. Reagan pointedly did not threaten any military steps or retalia tion against terrorists, saying his purpose was to “simply state the facts about the nature of interna tional terrorism and affirm Ameri ca’s will to resist it.” He said terrorists are trying to cause us to retreat, retrench, to be come “Fortress America.” “Yes, their real goal is to expel America from the world,” Reagan said. “That is the real reason these ter rorist nations are arming, training and supporting attacks against this nation. And that is why we can be clear on one point: these terrorist states are now engaged in acts of war against the government and people of the United States. “And under international law,” Reagan added, “any state which is the victim of acts of war has the right to defend itself.” . So far, there have been no retalia tory strikes during the Reagan ad ministration for the many terrorist actions directed against Americans. Robert C. McFarlane, the president’s national security adviser, recently suggested there would be strikes against terrorist training camps or supply bases. Reagan noted the hijacking of TWA flight 847 and the killing of four American Marines in El Salva dor but did not pinpoint blame on any group. Citing Iran, Libya, North Korea, Cuba and Nicaragua as sponsors of terrorism, Reagan said, “I submit to you that the growth in terrorism in recent years results from the increas ing involvement of these states in terrorism in every region of the world.” Reagan said his list was not all-in clusive, but added, “Those which I have described are simply the ones that can be most directly impli cated.” The president charged that ter rorists represent “a new, interna tional version of Murder, Inc.” and said their sponsors are united by “their fanatical hatred of the United States . .. .” A&M student: Ecstasy easy to get in B-CS area Undercover Photo by GREG BAILEY This little bird sought refuge under the cover of a tree’s leaves as a band of thunderstorms drenched the Bryan-College Station area Monday. Today, area residents can expect mostly cloudy skies with a 20 percent chance of rain and a high of 91 degrees. U.S. court rules against creation law Associated Press NEW ORLEANS — Louisiana’s law requiring creation science to be given equal weight with the teaching of evolution in public schools was ruled unconstitutional Monday by'a federal appeals court. In its ruling, the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said, “The act’s in tended effect is to discredit evolu tion by counterbalancing its teaching at every turn with the teaching of creationism, a religious belief.” The court upheld U.S. District Judge Adrian Duplantier’s ruling against the 1981 law, which has never been enforced. It was the only such law still on the books in the na tion. Creation science is the theory that the Earth and everything on it was created all at once some thousands of years ago. It is in accordance with the Bible’s version of creation in the Book of Genesis. The theory of evolutibn holds that life began billions of years ago and has gradually developed from sim pler forms. Martha Kegel, New Orleans direc tor of the American Civil Liberties Union which fought the law in court, said, “This decision puts the Loui siana creationism law out of its four- year misery. “With the decision today, the fed eral appeals court made it very clear, abundantly clear, that creationism is religion, that it is not science, and that the courts will not tolerate gov ernment promotion of religion in the science classroom.” Mexican results unofficial By TRENT LEOPOLD Senior Stuff Writer R The pills are known as “exes,” the ■wonder drug,” the “recreational Drug of the ’80s” and the “love Mlrug,” while chemists call it methyle- Itiedioxymethamphetamine. R Doctors have coined the shorter jHerm MDMA to describe the white Hapsules. It’s most recognizable I name is Ecstasy. I No matter what you call it, it’s a IRniethamphetamine drug similar to 1 I.SD that is becoming increasingly [ popular in the United States. Users Say the drug offers the emotional l|‘high of cocaine without the subse- I quent letdown, destroys emotional ibarriers, makes everyone an instant friend and enhances sex. iR Two Texas A&M students who I have used the drug agreed to discuss lift with The Battalion on the condi- iRtion that their names not be re- Rvealed. “It’s really great,” says one of the (students. “It makes you feel like lyou’re speeding. You really get to feeling good about everything. It (makes you want to climb trees. “You don’t want any alcohol, or marijuana. I guess you could say it is [similar to cocaine or crystal (a proc- lessed form of THC, the active cnem- ical found in marijuana), hut there inever is any type of letdown.” The drug is similar to heroin, pro viding “fantastic” hallucinations when it is taken in strong enough doses, says the other student. Ingestion of one 100-milligram pill provides effects lasting from four to eight hours, users say. It costs between $15 and $20 for a 100-milligram dose, and it’s easy to get, they say. Ecstasy can be bought for $10 each if 100 or more of them are purchased at once. Austin, JHouston and Dallas seem to be the most popular places to pur chase the drug, although users say it is readily available in the Bryan-Col lege Station area. “It is really easy to get it (Ecstasy) at almost any party,” one of the stu dents says. “You can also find people selling it at just about any local night club.” Until it became illegal to sell the drug. Ecstasy was sold openly inside nightclubs in the Dallas area. Texas A&M officials say they are aware of the drug but have received no reports of its usage here. “We are aware of it but wd have received no reports of people using it,” says Robert Burnett, a pharma cist at the A.P. Beutel Health Center. Similarly, Dr. Wade Birch of the A&M Student Counseling Service says he has “heard of no one actually using it,” although he is “aware of it.” On July 1 a law went into effect that subjects manufacturers and sell ers of the drug to a $125,000. fine and up to 15 years in prison. The law makes it a misdemeanor to pos- • sess the drug. Within the past week — since Ecstasy became illegal — a slightly al tered version of the drug has begun to appear. It is chemically similar to Ecstasy, with only one minor hydro carbon alteration — enough to cause the drug to be chemically different from Ecstasy and therefore legal. In early June, the U.S. Drug En forcement Agency adhered a Sched ule 1 classification to the drug. A Schedule 1 classification is a label for drugs that have high abuse poten tial. DEA officials say the label was put on the drug because Ecstasy is che mically similar to MDA, a drug that got a Schedule 1 classification in the early 1970s after it was linked to brain damage and death. Few studies have been done to de termine the actual effects Ecstasy has on the human body, however DEA officials say Ecstasy abuse “has be come a nationwiae problem that poses a serious health threat.” Con Daugherty, a DEA public af fairs officer in Washington, D.C., says some incidents of nerve damage have been associated with the drug’s use and at least one death has been associated with the drug. See Ecstasy, page 7 Ruling party claims win Associated' Press HERMOSILLO, Mexico — The opposition National Action Party hurled charges of fraud Monday after the government party claimed a sweeping victory in na tional elections. Although official results are not expected for a week, the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, said early returns from around the country showed it won a major victory. Here in prosperous Sonora state at the Arizona bor der, the PRI claimed in a statement that it won a “100 percent victory” in campaigns at every level, from the governor to city councils. The races here and in Nuevo Leon, along the Texas border, had been expected to be the most hotly contested in Mexican history. Organizers at the state headquarters here of National Action, which has not conceded, said a rally would be held later in the day to protest fraud. In a statement issued in Mexico City, top PRI spokes man Juan Saldana Resell said, “We can affirm that we obtained clear triumphs” throughout the country. He said the claim was based on reports from the party’s poll elec- observers and included all seven gubernatorial el dons. Jorge Trevino, the PRI candidate for governor of Nuevo Leon, claimed victory Sunday night after receiv ing about half the results. But his opponent, Fernando Canales Clariond of Na tional Action, known as PAN, said “the Nuevo Leon elections were not clean.” He planned to meet Monday with party officials to determine his course of action. “There simply weren’t elections,” PAN spokesman Jose Luis Coindrea told the daily newspaper El Norte in Monterrey, the Nuevo Leon state capital. “This is a monstrous fraud.” Nuevo Leon is a heavily industri alized state that borders Texas. In Sonora, Rodolfo Felix Valdes predicted Sunday night he would win by a 3-1 margin. PAN candidate Adalberto Rosas Lopez, who had mounted a strong challenge to Valdes, claimed there were widespread voting irregularities and said that he would protest on the street Monday. San Luis Rio Colorado, near-the Arizona border, was quiet Monday after election day violence. On Sunday, about 200 PAN supporters threw rocks at the police station and burned five patrol cars to pro test the detention of 18 youths for election-related dis turbances. The PAN activists said a ballot box they opened was stuffed with PRI votes, but local PRI leaders denied the allegation. There have been numerous charges of fraud in others states also. The PRI has held the presidency and all gover norships and dominated Congress since it was founded in 1929. The PAN holds the other seat, along with half of the 100 seats allotted to minority parties according to the percentage of the vote they receive. De la Madrid and other government leaders said the elections showed the maturity of the Mexican people and were carried out largely free of violence. Official: A&M nuclear reactor unlikely target for terrorists By BRIAN PEARSON Staff Writer The nuclear reactor at the Texas A&M Nuclear Sciences Center would be an unlikely target for ter rorists wanting to blow it up or steal radioactive fuel to make a weapon, a representative for the center says. Donald Anderson, manager of re actor operations, says the weapons- grade reactor fuel used at the center could be used to build a nuclear weapon but would be difficult for terrorists to obtain without being ex posed to the deadly radiation. Anderson says the center is re quired to maintain a certain level of -radiation within the reactor core which is located at the bottom of a 30-foot pool of water. “As long as we do this, no one is going to steal fuel because if you raise it up above the surface of the pool and carry the fuel assembly off, you would be dead before you got to town,” he says. Anderson says terrorists would have to take special precautions to rob the reactor of its fuel. “They’d have to have some kind of a gigantic shield on a truck and several days to get it out of the reac tor pool and into the shield,” he says. “If they didn’t maintain certain pre cautions for themselves, the radia tion would kill them.” Anderson says since the Univer sity Police patrol the area frequently, fuel thieves would not have the time to get the fuel out and get away. He says a special system alerts the police of any intruders in the center. “Whenever anybody opens any of the doors to the main reactor bay, an alarm occurs at the security office and the University Police come out to investigate who opened the door,” Anderson says. Although an explosion inside the “Thetis no accident that could happen that would en danger anyone in Bryan-College Station” — Donald Anderson, manager of reactor operations at the Texas A&M Nuclear Sciences Center. reactor core could cause the release of radioactive particles, the danger to the immediate area would be small, Anderson says. “There’s no accident that could happen that would endanger any one in Bryan-College Station,” he says. Anderson says tests using a dye showed that most of the fission products, byproducts of uranium fission fuel, would be contained within the building if an explosion occurred. “There would be a minimal haz ard to the people adjacent to us at the south end of the building,” he says. Anderson says the most likely ter rorist threat would be the intercep tion of a truck bringing new fuel to the center. The next shipment will be in about 10 years, he says. Anderson says a terrorist has bet ter options to chose from. “If I were a terrorist and I wanted to build a nuclear weapon, I would get a group together and obtain a list of the plutonium-beryllium sources in the state,” he says. Anderson says 20 or 30 terrorists individually raiding these sources at the same time could obtain the nec essary materials for a weapon. “If you got a hundred of them to gether, you could build a pretty nice nuclear weapon,” he says. No attempts have been made to destroy or steal fuel since the reactor began operating in 1961. “We’ve never had any demonstra tions or. anything out here in the 24 years we’ve been in operation,” he says. Anderson says the reactor is used tor research purposes and does not generate any power. He says materi als such as gold, technetium, bro mine, iron and cobalt are made ra dioactive by exposing them to the reactor. The materials are lowered into the reactor pool to be exposed to the radiation emitted from the fuel el ements. Fuel elements, or clads, are stainless-steel tubes which contain Uranium 235. Medicinally, the radioactive gold is used to treat prostrate cancer. The radioactive technetium is used as a tracer inside the body so nuclear pic tures can be taken of vital organs. Industries use radioactive bro mine as a tracer inside of chemical processing systems. Cobalt is used as a tracer to determine thickness of materials. Anderson says the reactor is used by industries such as Texas Instru ments, M.D. Anderson Hospital, Shell Development and also by other universities within a 100-mile radius of the reactor. The one-megawatt reactor at the University is one of eight similar re actors at universities around the na tion. There are a total of about 40 reactors in the nation that have above or below one megawatt capac ity.