The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, February 25, 1980, Image 5

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I; Governors seek dump sites for nuclear wastes said the icuuiu^i^ of how best tokf K erica does notmen^' 5 esent medical cart;. r clical care system the (inality oflife.lt;"' not a case of eitb rscoring the trc«j s in medicine, ive medicine, wtij -tality rates for cei availed today as tie i of the century Americans would es in 1979 to tub !()(), ()(X) would have teritis, 80,000 wb _ diphtheria and 55#r™ ive been claimed k d, the toll fromallij. t year was less thanl! i cited some aco f preventive mediffl r fluoridation, wliil oth decay, saves n health care costs 05 million Ameritaij ridated water, ions disease is nowtli| iroblem in Third Ws hit by the year 21 f smoking will bethtij iroblem. percent reductisiky 1 from 1975 to 1978iii| ■al wound infections piired by patientsiirl costs the nation 8b J8, the numberofd -preventable disei in all seven catey , polio, rubella, wb| etanus, mumps, ( , all declined except! t all-time low record! 79, less than one p DO counties in ttel| ■ported cases of meii eek. percent immuniza i achieved nationwiij ion of children agairis| senses. ' it was believed! 1 erol in the blood v has been found thertl terol that helps keepa atty deposits leadings irganism that causes If Disease was disci •ith other bacteria sii| ing scientists on thetj and successfully t previously uneipl jnia-like illnesses. United Press International WASHINGTON — The na tion’s governors opened their annual winter meeting Sunday, looking for a policy on where to dump dangerous chemical and nuclear wastes that none of the states want. The governors pushed for con gressional passage of a measure that would finance accident cleanup costs and sought to find an equitable plan to decide where to put the unwanted, but needed facilities. President Carter’s newly appointed Council on Nuclear Waste Management was slated during the National Governors Association gathering to meet with Energy Department offi cials, with whom the panel even tually will help write a national policy on the disposal of nuctear waste. The nuclear waste issue is especially ticklish because only three states — South ocarolina, Nevada and Washington — now accept low-level atomic garbage and there are no permanent sites for higher-level wastes. “We all recognize the necessity of siting, but the feeling of ‘any where but here’ is a common one we’ve had to deal with,” said South Carolina Gov. Richard Riley, reflecting the consensus of his colleagues. There are 35 million tons of hazardous chemical waste pro duced annually in the United States and the volume is in- creaing by up to 10 percent annually, officials said. Colorado Gov. Richard Lamm said a “national program is ur gently needed to address the problem of uncontrolled hazar dous waste sites.” Congress is considering two plans to create a so-called “super fund” to deal with hazardous taste emergencies. A House plan would establish a $1.3 billion re volving fund, while a Senate proposal calls for a $500 million fund. Most or all of the fund would come from fees imposed on in dustries that generate hazardous wastes. Changing rape laws aid victims in court cases WASHINGTON — A major change in rape laws around the coun try is making it easier for victims of sexual assaults — men as well as women — to prosecute their attack ers, according to groups dealing with the offense. In the last eight years, 42 states have amended their rape laws to res trict evidence concerning a victim’s previous sexual history and many have “neutered” the laws so men can bring charges if they have been raped. “We are getting away from the concept that the victim is always female and the assaulter is male,” says Jean Westler of the National Center for the Prevention and Con trol of Rape. “This has a lot of implications, par ticularly for men in prison who have been raped.” Mary Ann Largen, the director of an Arlington, Va., women’s resource organization which monitors sex offender statutes in 50 states, says changes in the laws are a “direct re sult of an extensive and very orga nized lobby effort on the part of the women’s movement.” A report from the National Con ference of State Legislators shows most states have adopted new rape codes that sensitize the investigative mechanism, re-define sex crimes as a form of assault and bring sentencing standards in compliance with other felonies. During the first half of 1979, the FBI says forcible rapes reported rose 11 percent. Government statistics show 60 of every 100,000 women were rape victims in 1978. “We can’t be sure if there is an increase in reporting or an increase in the crime itself. Experts now agree that rape is one of the most under-reported offenses in this country,” she said. At the same time, Largen said many states changed laws to include other sexual assault besides rape. “The new laws are giving prosecu tors new options in terms of bringing charges,” Largen said. “In the past, when a prosecutor was in the situa tion of knowing he couldn’t get a con viction, he would plea bargain the offense down to a simple assault. ” In 1974, Michigan completely re vamped its rape statute, making it a model for rape law reform around the country. The new law defined four degrees of criminal sexual conduct — from forcible rape to sexual harassment and recognized rape as a “crime of violence, not lust or passion.” It also simplified the process lead ing to arrest of a suspect and encour aged the justice system to “try the defendants rather than the victims in sexual assault cases.” Jeanne Marsh and Nathan Caplan, two researchers completing a study of Michigan’s law, said it probably does not make the “average” woman safer on the street or in her home. However, they add, “The average rapist who commits forcible rape is now more likely to be reported to the authorities, arrested, tried, and con victed of his crime. ” In New York, the requirement for a victim to have corroboration of a rape has been eliminated. “It was unlike a robbery where, if someone robbed you on the street and the victim could make an identi fication, that was all that was needed,” said Diana Steele, a lawyer ^ for Women’s Rights Project of the ACLU. “Now, ” she said, “the new law has taken away some of the mystique of rape and treated it like any other crime.” Leigh Bienen, a New Jersey lawyer writing a book on new rape laws, says a primary goal of reform is to redefine the offense “in terms of acts and circumstances rather than the conduct or state of mind of the victim.” Some states have passed laws re quiring emergency room treatment of rape victims and forbidding hos pitals from turning away rape vic tims, Bienen said. She said three states — New Jersey, Nebraska and Oregon — no longer exempt spouses from rape laws. Others have made it easier for a person to bring rape charges against a spouse if the couple is living apart. In October, a Maryland court overturned a rape conviction on the grounds the victim had not resisted enough. Career Opportunities Exploring for Energy We need individuals with degrees in the physical sciences — E.E., M.E., E.E.T., engineering science, physics, geophysical engineering — and a spirit of innovation and adventure. Birdwell is an important division of Seismograph Service Corporation whose world wide businesses include geophysical exploration, wireline services for oil and gas wells, radio location services, and supportive manufacturing. We need field service engineer trainees to help meet our expansion plans. If you have the education, initiative, and are willing to work and travel . . . you can expect the same opportunities for advancement realized by many of our executives. Our work is not easy. But it is always challenging! We will be on campus for interviews February 28, 1980 Contact your placement office for appointment 'l If you think you’re somebody special ... or think you can be . . . tell us about yourself. Box 1590, Tulsa, Okla.74102. (918) 627-3330. Equal opportunity employer. BIRDWELL. DIVISION A SUBSIDIARY OF RAYTHEON COMPANY !!!! M» DM IS SRU DRV in IKE ClflSSIHEDSI THE BATTALION MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1980 Page l Peace Corps volunteers help with food production ■f By SCOT K. MEYER Campus Reporter Joining the Peace Corps is not just something you can do to help other people, it is something you can do to help yourself, Peace Corps volun teers told agricultural students at a brown bag seminar Friday. “In terms of getting and giving, you give very little and get a lot,” said Hedi Naouali, a Texas A&M University graduate who has been working for the Peace Corps for IVa years. Naouali, a Tunisian who gradu ated from Texas A&M in 1971, went on to become Minister of Agriculture for his country. He is currently on loan to the Peace Corps, and is tour ing American campuses looking for students interested in serving as agricultural technicians. Naouali said that the Peace Corps used to send mostly liberal arts ma jors abroad, to teach the people to speak English. But now the Peace Corps has decided to focus on food production, which is why technical advisers in agricultural fields in creased. Naouali said the technicians work through an experimental agricultural extension service, and help the local farmers “slowly and easily” to learn modem farming techniques. Farmers cannot be expected to change overnight, Naouali said. “You can’t just tell a farmer that he needs to put $500 worth of fertilizer on his fields, because for one thing he has been farming for a long time and doing things a certain way, and for another thing he doesn’t even have $500 to spend. FORMAL FOR AN EVENING. TUXEDO SALES ‘ & RENTALS formals 111 College Main 846-1021 846-4116 “So you get his trust and convince him to perhaps spend $50 on fertiliz er, and if he notices some slight im provement then the next time he will use a little bit more,” Naouali said. Getting to know “the realities of the situation” is one of the benefits Naouali said Peace Corps volunteers receive. Naouali said that the ability to learn to work within contraints is a marketable skill. “So many American companies are looking for technicians, and they just don’t find them. These com panies are looking for people who have overseas experience, and who can speak another language,” Naouali said. Naouali said a person getting out of the Peace Corps will have the ex perience needed to get a good job. “It’s not just sacrifice, ” Naouali said. Another speaker at the seminar was Mylen Bohle, an American who has been working with Peace Corps/ Tunisia. Bohle graduated from Mon tana State University in 1975, and decided in 1978 to join Peace Corps. Bohle said he has been working in a small village of about 200 people in central Tunisia. He has been primar ily concerned with convincing far mers there to grow more barley and less wheat, in order to make better use of the limited water supplies. 1 Bohle said that one of the mos important aspects of his work wit! the Peace Corps has been the socia ; experience; drinking tea with far mers, meeting their children anc ! grandchildren, and just talking with people. 'I “Americans don’t know what the rest of the world is like, and the resl of the world doesn’t know whai Americans are like,” Bohle said. “This has been the main cause oi many of our country’s problems ol late, and the Peace Corps could be a I solution.” SAVE 50% to 70% ALL FALL AND WINTER FASHIONS 1 WEEK ONLY Starts Sat., February 23 “Your New York I Connection” 4340 Carter Creek Parkway, Off East 29th Street Mon-Sat, 10 to 6 • 846-8769