The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, February 13, 1980, Image 1

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The Battalion Vol. 73 No. 100 16 Pages Wednesday, February 13, 1980 College Station, Texas USPS 045 360 Phone 845-2611 arter sends ,800 Marines Persian Gulf ^ T'Op United Press International {W ASHINGTON — President Carter is dispatching four ships and 1,800 Marines to HalJ.S. naval armada in the Arabian Sea Hhe coast of Iran, and is standing firm on I American boycott of the Moscow Olym- Sdministration officials stressed the pur- of the Marine force — complete with ■copters, tanks and amphibious assault Bides — is to add to the U.S. deterrent The Middle East. Estate Department officials last week said Hiet troops were massing along Iran’s Hthwestern border in moves similar to Hit occurred before the Russians invaded Hianistan. _ white House press secretary Jody | Hell said the presence of the Marines in Hsian Gulf “is not related to the hostage ^ ^ Hation ” in Iran. Hdministration officials said the four Dickey having ^ ,s 1°^ the West Coast, picked up the rose games in Nn Marine amphibious unit in Hawaii and ar- it before, arrived f 3 minutes lateandlj ard dash with f p time. In New! second to Houstotl a 6.17 to Dicke; I ■ finished third, i anley Floyd wotiij >. 16 and A lished second will rived Tuesday at the U.S. naval base at Subic Bay in the Philippines. The USS Okinawa, USS Mobile, USS Alamo and the USS San Bernadino will conduct training exercises for the next two weeks in the Philippines area. On completion of those exercises, the officials said, the four ships with Marines will proceed to the Arabian Sea to join some 20 U.S. naval vessels by mid March. The Marine group is to remain in the Arabian Sea indefinitely. Meanwhile, the International Olympic Committee — meeting in Lake Placid, N. Y. — decided Tuesday to go ahead with the Olympic games in Moscow this sum mer. “Under the circumstances, neither the president, the Congress, nor the American people can support the sending of United States teams to Moscow this summer,” Powell said after announcement of the IOC decision. tudents will obey homeini’s order n won the meet. LEAsr.: PREVENT ST FlffiS' NE NER United Press International .fhe militants at the besieged U.S. ribassy have modified their rigid stand on he release of the 50 American hostages, aying they will obey Ayatollah Khomeini if lejaccepts a compromise and orders the aplives liberated. J^hiimeini has not commented publicly on the formula proposed by President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr that would require H United States to admit to interfering in Jr|nian affairs and for an international com- mlsion to investigate Iranian complaints against the deposed shah and America’s agfeged crimes in supporting the deposed monarch. H spokesman for the militants, who have been holding the Americans for 102 days inside the U.S. Embassy, told UPI if Khomeini accepted BaniSadr’s formula and Hered them to release the hostages to an international commission, they would fol low his command. If Ayatollah Khomeini, our imam, iKlers us to release the hostages, yes, we mil release them because we believe our bham,” he said. [Specifics of the formula have not been Blade public, but it is based partly on a formula set forth by U. N. Secretary Gener al Kurt Waldheim for an investigative com- • f mission. Waldheim reportedly is involved \ in “delicate” negotiations related to the jjbmpromise. The Washington Post reported today [three Paris lawyers, each with long- anding ties to Iranian revolutionaries, we moved to the center of international negotiations under way to win freedom for the hostages. The legal help they once offered Ayatol lah Ruhollah Khomeini and others in exile could become a key to finding a formula to resolve the crisis, the report said. Citing diplomatic sources at the United Nations, the Post said it was told efforts to seek a solution are now “in the decisive week, not necessarily for the release of the hostages but in the sense of finalizing a solution.” The Post said U.S. government sources echoed that view. Tehran Radio quoted BaniSadr as saying that Khomeini and the ruling Revolution ary Council, which the president heads, would act together in a decision on the hostages. Foreign Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh has said the international investigating team would meet within the week in Tehran. Asked about his earlier statement that the hostages might be released in the next few days, Bani-Sadr said, “If America agrees to our view this may be possible.” Washington Monday rejected Bani Sadr’s call for the United States to admit its alleged guilt. The militant spokesman was asked speci fically if the militants would release the Americans even if Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi were not returned -— their main demand throughout the 15-week crisis — providing Khomeini ordered them to do so. “Yes,” he replied. Cold weather, warm welcome Staff photo by Lee Roy Leschper Jr. A couple of hundred Texas A&M basketball fans braved frigid weather early this morning to welcome home the University’s basketball team after a bitter defeat to the University of Arkansas Tuesday night. For details of the close game, see Tony Gallucci’s story on page 15. High oil prices threatening parks xecutive defends oil industry By MARCY BOYCE Campus Reporter National parks, while perserving many of this country’s resources, are in danger of being shadowed by the scarcity of another precious resource — oil, according to a Texas A&M University report. Presented at the Second Conference on Scientific Research in November by Dr. Carlton Van Doren of the recreation and parks department, the publication said higher gasoline prices will reduce family travel by car. “The ’80s won’t be like the ’70s,” Van Doren said. “We are going to be forced to make some sacrifices and forced to prob ably settle for something less desirable in our leisure activities. ” Co-authored by graduate student Larry Gustke, the paper speculated that visita tion of national parks near cities will in crease, while more remote park visitation will decrease. For the purpose of their study, Van Doren and Gustke considered a park acces sible if it was within a radius of 175 miles of one or the standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA). An SMSA is an area recog nized by the census bureau as having a population of 50,000 or more. National park attendance reports for the third quarter Quly-September) of1979 sup ported this prediction. While overall visita tion declined 6.3 percent, visitation rose at accessible parks. For example, records of Gateway East National Park, which is with in 175 miles of about 8 million people, indi cated an 11.2 percent increase in visitation. The sharpest declines were reported in the far West at more remote parks such as Yellowstone and the Grand Canyon, said Van Doren. This presents a problem for the park ser vice. “The national park service has a mandate to serve all the public,” Van Doren said. And although two-thirds of the population lives within 175 miles of at least one park, he said, “If the poor can’t get to the parks because of gas prices, then the park service isn’t living up to its duty.” Van Doren and Gustke, therefore, prop osed alternative planning and management procedures to maintain and increase acces sibility to national parks. For those national parks which are popu lar but remote, such as Yellowstone, the Great Smokey Mountains and the Grand Canyon, the coauthors proposed mass transportation and package tours. “They don’t have many package tours for parks right now,” Van Doren said. “But it may be the way we ll go in the future.” Additionally, stepped up promotional efforts, such as advertising, would increase visitation at parks which are more accessi ble with only medium to low attendance, Van Doren said. And even at accessible parks with high attendance, both Gustke and Van Doren suggested introducing a mass transporta tion system. “We are trying to envision what’s going to happen if people can’t visit parks by automobile,” Van Doren said. “We re a na tion pretty much glued to our four-wheeled vehicles, but I think we ll sacrifice in all other areas in order to have the opportunity to take advantage of leisure activities. H.J. Haynes, a Texas A&M University graduate who has spent 33 years in the oil business, says using the oil companies as a convenient scapegoat for the gasoline problem distorts the reality of today’s oil markets. By JANA SIMS Campus Reporter Misinformation about the energy indus try has never been more widespread than it is today, the chairman of the board of Stan dard Oil of California said. H.J. Haynes, a Texas A&M University graduate who has spent 33 years in the oil business, spoke to members of Texas A&M’s Society of Petroleum Engineers Tuesday night in Rudder Theater. “Blaming the oil companies for higher prices or short supplies may create a conve nient scapegoat for some,” Haynes said, “but it completely distorts the reality of today’s oil markets.” Haynes said that in a nationwide con sumer survey taken last fall, Socal found that Americans typically believe that oil companies make 57 cents profit per dollar of sales. Haynes said the true figure is clos er to 5 percent profit, or about 3 cents profit on each gallon of crude oil and petroleum products sold by Socal. For 1979, Socal had a capital return of 12.1 percent and Haynes is dismayed that oil companies are “accused of gouging” the public when inflation is at 14 percent. Haynes said that in 1979 more than 40 percent of America’s oil requirements had to be imported at a cost exceeding $60 bil lion. Since 1972, Haynes said, the bill for U.S. oil imports has increased by more than 1,000 percent. Haynes called the pending windfall pro fits tax an “unfortunate legislation (which) amounts to a punitive levy against the oil industry. It will convert billions of dollars away from domestic exploration and de velopment, he said. Haynes said the United States is not an energy deficient nation. He said it’s esti mated that the United States has oil and gas yet to be developed equal to about what this nation has produced in the 120-year history of the petroleum industry. However, Haynes said the government regulatory process of the oil industry “fails the test of logic at times” and “can be so overwhelming and time-consuming that the process is often self-defeating.” Citing some examples, Haynes told of Socal’s experience on an oil field in Utah. As required, a federal botanist was brought on site before drilling could begin. The botanist found a locoweed species that was on the government’s endangered species list and all work was halted. Haynes said Socal retained an indepen dent authority who determined the weed was not the same species on the govern ment’s list, and work began again after a delay of several months and a great deal of expense. In another example, also in Utah, work men at another drilling site were required to use steam to melt a snow pack so that archeologists could search for arrowheads. Haynes said that no arrowheads were found, and they were able to begin work again — also after several months’ delay and a great deal of expense. Haynes said conservation, expanded use of coal and nuclear energy and the develop ment of alternative energy forms and synthetic fuels are also solutions to the energy problem. But, he said, none is so important as the increase of domestic pro duction. Children find first clue to 1971 skyjack mystery PORTLAND, Ore. — Children playing in the sand along the Columbia River found tattered remains of part of the loot paid to skyjacker D.B. Cooper, the first break in the case since he bailed out of a plane into a rainy night in 1971. FBI agents dug up more fragments of wet $20 bills late Tuesday along the riv er on the Fazio Ranch five miles west of Vancouver, Wash. FBI agent Ralph Himmelsbach, who has been on the case since the Thank sgiving Eve hijacking, said the finding of the money reduces to “less than 50-50” the odds that Cooper is still alive. Children on a Sunday picnic found three bundles of bills — about $3,000 in $20 bills printed in 1963 and 1969 — that were part of Cooper’s loot. The se rial numbers showed they matched the $200,000 Cooper extorted from North west Airlines in 1971. The partially de composed clumps of money were to be sent to the FBI laboratory in Washing ton, D.C., but agents on the case were sure all of the bills found were from the loot. “They’re very small pieces of money, about the size of a nickel,” said FBI agent Tom Nicodemus. He said some of tbe pieces of money were as deep as three feet beneath the surface. “It indicates to us there’s been a lot of sand shift there and the money has been there for some time,” Nicodemus said. The discovery of the money was the first solid lead in the case since Cooper jumped from a Northwest Airlines flight after a hijacking that began at Portland on Thanksgiving Eve, 1971. The middle-aged man, who actually used the name Dan Cooper on boarding the plane, told a stewardess he had a bomb in his briefcase and demanded $200,000 and four parachutes and to be flown to Reno, Nev. He allowed the other passengers to leave the plane at Seattle where he got the money and chutes. After takeoff, Cooper forced the en tire crew to the flight deck and while the plane was over southwest Washington he jumped with his loot into the freezing rainy night. No trace of him ever was found. His actual identity also is unknown. Because an FBI agent told a reporter the night of the hijacking that agents were checking on a man named “D.B. Cooper” — the name has stuck even though the man named was found not to have been involved. Christal Ingram, 25, of Vancouver, Wash., said the money was found by her children, Denise, 5, and Brian, who had been digging in the sand with sticks on the beach, which the ranch owners allow people to use for a 25-cent per car fee. “I took it out of the sand and I handed it to Brian,” Denise said Tuesday. “I thought it was play money. I gave it to Brian, so he could hand it to my Aunt Pat.” The money was turned in to FBI agents, who said the discovery changed the department’s opinion that Cooper had possibly gone down in the Lake Merwin area on the Lewis River, since that stream feeds in the Columbia River downstream from the Fazio property. The FBI said it now appeared the money might have been carried down the Washougal River, which flows into the Columbia about 12 miles east ol Vancouver.