The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, January 17, 1980, Image 1

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The Battauon Vol. 73 No. 14 Pages 81 Mexico may have solution to crisis United Press International UNITED NATIONS — Mexico may in- oduce a Security Council resolution link- ng freedom for American hostages in ehran to an international inquiry on the lleged crimes of the ousted shah of Iran, iplomatic sources said. The sources Wednesday said Mexico, hich became a Security Council member i January, was considering a plan to bring he Iran crisis to the council again. A Soviet veto Sunday killed a U.S.- ponsored resolution calling for economic lanctions against Iran until the 50 hostages ield in the U.S. Embassy are released. In another response to the crisis, iecretary-General Kurt Waldheim held delicate discussions on Iran over the past !4 hours, his aides said. U.N. officials could not confirm the re- »rt of a possible new council session on Iran that would discuss a resolution to set ip an international commission to investi- ^te Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi’s al- eged crimes. The Mexican delegation was unavailable ibr comment. Bangladesh and Jamaica, both non permanent members of the 15-member Security Council, were considered possi- .•.-1 pie co-sponsors of the resolution. The resolution would call for the com mission to begin its investigation at the same time the American hostages are re leased, the sources said. An American spokeswoman at the United Nations declined to be confirm any specific moves to resume the Iran debate. “A variety of ideas, a variety of countries — Mexico has been mentioned as one — have been mentioned, but let me say this, I haven’t heard anything that we would con sider movement,” Jill Schuker told re porters. Waldheim postponed a news conference because of his private Iran talks and spokesman Rudolf Stajduhar shrugged off Tehran denials that Waldheim was accept able as an intermediary in the Iranian crisis. The secretary-general scheduled the conference to brief reporters prior to leav ing Friday for India to attend a United Na tions Industrial Development conference in New Delhi. Waldheim talked by telephone with Iran’s U.N. Ambassador Mansour Farhang; Ambassador Jacques Leprette of France, the president of the Security Council; and Secretary of State Cyrus Vance during the past 24 hours, the spokesman said. But he declined to divulge the nature of the con servations. Heck, we’ve got restaurants United Press International MOSCOW, Ohio— Mayor Eugene IIol- and says the Olympics should be in Moscow. “Moscow, Ohio, that is,” he points out. That way you can move the Olympics out ifRussia, but keep it in Moscow. “We re only a village of500," the mayor hits, “but beck, we ve got three or four estaurants where people could eat. “We ve got kind of a motel. It’s made out jfsome trailers. People could stay there. ’There's a couple more motels 8 miles down the road. We re right next to the Ohio River, too. We’ve held some pretty big boat races there. We could hold the swimming events in the river. Then we have the Moscow Elementary School gym. There’s also hills around us for the running events.” The Moscow, Ohio, movement already has the support of a U. S. senator. Sen. Howard Metzenbaum, D-Ohio, ac cepted a “’Move it to Moscow, Ohio” T-shirt from Holland on Wednesday. “This T-shirt will be displayed in the entrance of my office in Washington until we get the Olympics moved to Moscow, Ohio, said Metzenbaum. “You ve got my pledge of support. We re coming to Moscow, Ohio.” Photo by Brian Blalock Dr. Arthur Tollefson, director of counseling and testing for Texas A&M Uni versity, says a report criticizing standardized admissions tests is full of “half- truths.” rl> iThe almanac By United Press International Today is Thursday, Jan. 17, the 17th day of 1980 with 349 to follow. The moon has reached its new phase. The morning stars are Mercury, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Venus. Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. American statesman, scientist and au thor Benjamin Franklin was born Jan. 17, 1727. On this day in history: In 1806, the first baby was born in the White House. He was the son of Thomas and Martha Randolph and grandson of President Thomas Jefferson. In 1917, the United States bought 50 of the Virgin Islands in the West Indies from Denmark for $25 million, and they remain a U.S. territory. The other 50 Virgin Is lands belong to, or are associated with, Britain. In 1950, nine bandits staged a $1.5 mil lion robbery of a Brink’s armored car in Boston. In 1977, Theodore Sorensen asked Pres ident Carter to withdraw his nomination for CIA director because of mounting opposi tion. A thought for the day; Benjamin Franklin said, “Doth thou love life? Then do not squander time, for that is the stuff life is made of. ” Thursday, January 17, 1980 College Station, Texas USPS 045 360 Phone 845-2611 StttfT photo by Lynn Blanco Mother nature strikes Lightning struck the roof of the YMCA Building Wednesday at about 4:10 p.m. According to John Jeane, a freshman petroleum engineering major, about 20 bricks were blown from the northwest corner of the building, some hitting Puryear Hall across the street. No one was hurt. President believes world condemnation surprised Russians United Press International WASHINGTON —President Carter be lieves the Soviets were “chastened and surprised” by world condemnation of their Afghan invasion and he has resolved to hold them responsible for their military inter vention. Carter was meeting today with Egyptian Vice President Hosni Molarak to discuss the U.S. determination to establish a stronger military presence in the Persian Gulf and Middle East as a result of the Soviet move. Egypt has offered the United States the use of its bases. In an interview with visiting editors that was released Wednesday, Carter said, “My own belief is, based on evidence, that the Soviets have been somewhat chastened and surprised by the strong reaction in the other nations in the world, as exemplified by the United Nations’ vote, and also that other countries have rallied along with us to lead action that would restrain the Soviets repeating this in the future.” Carter said he believes the Soviets felt they could take this action with minimal adverse reaction. “I don’t know what the future holds,” he said, “but I am resolved not to back off on our commitment to hold the Soviets re sponsible for what they have done.” Meantime, press secretary Jody Powell rejected criticism from some quarters, in cluding Sen. Henry Jackson, D-Wash., that economic sanctions against Iran for holding American hostages were “counter productive.” He said Carter had “thought carefully about it and concluded” it was the correct way to proceed to force Iran to pay a higher price for its action. Responding to a question, he said, “The process of disintegration of Iran is not primarily due to United States’ action but due to the preoccupation of the Iranian authorities with the incarceration of 50 American hostages.” He said the Iranian authorities need to bring the crisis to an end by releasing the hostages so that “they can devote their at tention to the real threats.” Powell said the situation with the hos tages remains the same with the United States still unable to establish where they all are and in what condition. Powell said Carter has not contacted Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev directly since their hot-line messages in late de- cember. But he said the United States is certain the Soviets are aware of Carter’s views and commitments to protect America’s vital interests in areas bordering Afghanistan. Soviets order U.S. reporters to leave Afghanistan immediately United Press International WASHINGTON — All American re porters were ordered out of Afghanistan Thursday by the Soviet-backed govern ment, the State Department said Thurs day. Spokesman Mark Sawoski said jour nalists, including cameramen, were told to be on the first available plane out of the capital city of Kabul. He said additional details of the order, relayed to Washington by the U.S. Em bassy in Kabul, would be available later in the day. “It’s a flagrant violation of basic norms of international behavior. We find it rep rehensible,” he said. It was not immediately clear, he said, whether the order was being given to re porters individually or to the embassy for relay to the journalists. The order, he said, appeared to have come from Afghanistan’s office of informa tion. Press reports indicated there were 30 to 50 American reporters and cameramen in Afghanistan. It was the second time in the week American news organizations were ordered out of a foreign trouble spot. Corre spondents were told Tuesday to leave Iran. Nader’s SAT report Tull of half-truths’ By ANDY WILLIAMS General Assignments Reporter The conclusions of a study that criticizes standardized admissions tests are too dras tic and amount to “throwing out the baby with the bath,” Texas A&M University’s director of counseling and testing said Wednesday. Dr. Arthur Tollefson said a Ralph Nader-sponsored report which was re leased Monday is frill of “half-truths.” Tol lefson is Texas A&M’s institutional repre sentative for the College Board, the agency which established the Educational Testing Service, the target of the report. The study said exams like the Scholastic Aptitude Test are little better than random chance at predicting success. It also said the tests are biased against minorities. Nader himself recommended basing admissions on previous school records and achievements. Tollefson said the report criticized the tests themselves for faults that lay in in terpretation and use them. Singer busted on drug charge United Press International Paul McCartney, being held for al legedly trying to smuggle marijuana into Japan, was interrogated by police for six hours today while crowds of rock fans out side wept and shouted “Paul! Paul! Narcotics officials said the 37-year-old rock star was relaxed and cooperative dur ing the questioning, but that he insisted that he brought the drug into Japan for his own use and that it is less harmful than alcohol. The former Beatle was arrested Wed nesday at Tokyo’s international airport at N arita on charges of trying to smuggle more than 200 grams — about 8 ounces — of marijuana. He was accompanied by his wife, Linda, and their four children. Mrs. McCartney and other members of the Wings also wre questioned by narcotics officials but were not charged. Many of his fans wept as they saw McCartney, handcuf fed but smiling, being led to the Narcotics Bureau from the police detention center, and they held a vigil for him outside while he was being questioned for more than six hours. “Some administrators tend to look at these (test scores) as a pure and sure indica tor of success, ” Tollefson said. He said a better way of forecasting success is to use the tests in conjunction with school rec ords. Texas A&M changed its admissions pol icy last fall to allow all students who graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school classes to enter. Before, a score of at least 800 (of a possible 1,600) was required of students in the top halves of their classes. Tollefson said this policy allows for a “common sense factor which the tests do not measure. But Tollefson opposes the idea of basing admissions exclusively on high school rec ords. “If the tests are eliminated, the inevita ble consequence is that the public will pay through the nose for it,” he said. More students who are incapable of pass ing classes at Texas A&M would be admit ted, he said, causing larger and more sec tions. The increased failure rate would also necessitate remedial classes, which would also be expensive. ETS tests include the Scholastic Ap titude Test, Law School Admission Test, Graduate Record Exam, and several others. More than 7 million students a year are tested by ETS. The tests do have discriminatory ele ments, Tollefson said. One of their most common faults, he said, is the use of terms that are unfamiliar to most students who grew up poor. He recalled one incident that had to do with furniture — it used the word “Chippendale.” “You take kids from the wrong side of the tracks. They wouldn’t know a Chippendale from the Clydesdale.” The best cure for the problems of the underprivileged with admissions tests is remedial education, Tollefson said. These programs should be instituted through universities and especially through com munity colleges, he said. Nader and his group are playing politics in their statements on the tests, Tollefson said. “I think it’s just too bad that Ralph Nader and a few other people who ought certainly to know better are making political hay out of this,” he said. Whirlybird Its day may he here United Press International NEW YORK — The country’s two big makers of large helicopters are hoping the whirlybirds at last will break into the scheduled airline business in the 1980s. Presently, large helicopters, those that can carry a dozen to 40 passengers, find their biggest non-military use in ferrying men and equipment to offshore oil rigs and remote mining areas. They have been used to some extent in New York and a few other cities around the world to ferry passengers between air ports to make air flight connections. But this business did not prove consistently profitable and one of two accidents gave it a bad image. Both Sikorsky division of United Technologies Corp. and Boeing’s Vertol division said the big helicopters now are fast enough and have sufficient passenger carrying capacity to compete with the smaller fixed-wing airlines in the commu ter trade — flights of 200 miles or so be tween congested points. “Congested points” is the key phrase. The helicopter’s one big advantage over the fixed-wing plane is that it can take off and land vertically from close in to the business district of a city. One big problem of the commuter air line is that customers lose a big part of the time they have saved by flying while sit ting in crawling buses or taxicabs between downtown and the airport at each end of the flight. “Our biggest Chinook helicopter, the 44-passenger job, can land or take off in a pinch at an area only 75 feet in diameter,” a Vertol executive told UPI. They could make landings on the rooftops of many buildings or any vacant lot at least theoret ically feasible. Of course, there are many sound reasons for not doing anything as hair raising as that in regular airline serv ice. But President Gerald Tobias of Sikorsky said a lot of only three acres right in the heart of a congested area could safely handle commuter helicopter flights with up to four gates and adequate ground and terminal facilities, thus picking up and dis charging passengers within easy bus and taxi or even walking distances of their of fices. Much as they hope to break into the commuter airlines neither of the makes of big helicopters is counting on it for their bread and butter. Tobias said other, more urgent uses for helicopters will produce a minimum de mand for 8,000 new whirlybirds over the coming decade for a wide variety of com mercial, scientific and industrial tasks. He said it is imperative that many com munities recognize this and provide suita ble heliports for helicopters to land and take off. It simply is not a good, safe idea to have the roto-blade craft continue to land at airports designed for huge, high-speed, fixed-wing airplanes. Sikorsky recently set some new point- to-point speed records with the 12- passenger Spirit helicopter between New York and Boston and Washington. Made under varying conditions, the record be tween Washington and New York was 205.17 miles an hour and the mark be tween New York and Boston was 188.23 miles an hours. These speeds are a little slower than those of a fixed-wing commu ter plane but adequate for flights of 200 or even 350 miles considering the saving that could be made in ground travel at both ends of the trip. Unfortunately, neither Washington nor Boston has a heliport, Tobias noted, so there was no time saving as compared with a fixed-wing plane on the speed tests.