The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, March 07, 1979, Image 1

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vl f \l 1 1 this sj can nJ ed. 1 pursues cheater,faces discipline By LIZ NEWLIN Battalion Staff hey bih assistant professor of aerospace he. Hies at Texas A&M University faces a scomelible reprimand from his commanding Cedent^Bbr blowing the whistle on a cheat- has st j incident here. ’oldGlJapt Joseph O. McNabb has received ] jn Col. Kenneth W. Durham, com- der of the Air Force ROTC unit at A&M, a letter of reprimand that be placed in his Undesirable Informa- Files. That would hurt McNabb’s es in future Air Force promotions, ments and special programs. ^scholastic dishonesty, which oc- o hit last semester, prompted an Air n to daRSinvestigation to determine if the get iniflent should be “disenrolled”; that is, ation ether his contract to become a commis- i neverled officer should be withdrawn. it thretlarly this semester the student re- hungryled the contract and later withdrew igry." m the Corps of Cadets. No further ac- 'ps tall was taken then. )n Billlatei McNabb told the dean of the stu- afl college and University officials of incident. The University took discipli- t|ction against the student, whose is still not decided. ^However, that didn’t end McNabb’s in- MveBent in the case. ( The letter of reprimand was dated Feb. 19179, and Durham gave McNabb lays to reply. As of Tuesday night, lb had not received notification of in’s disposition of the letter. Air Regulations state that an individual’s immediate superior has “sole prerogative” on whether the letter will be placed in the file. In this case, Durham is McNabb’s immediate superior. Despite the regulation, McNabb has legal recourse if the letter is approved. He can force Durham to take him to court to prove the charges or employ a lawyer to challenge the letter, which might involve sending the letter and reply to Durham’s commander, Col. Hosea Skinner at Ofiutt Air Force Base in Nebraska. The Battalion has received the letter (stamped “For Official Use Only“), McNabb’s reply, and supporting state ments. Neither Durham nor McNabb would comment on the case. “I will not discuss internal Air Force business with the news media,” Durham said Tuesday morning, “especially before it’s consummated.” Professional ethics prevent an explanation, or other com ment, he said. Other University officials, however, and the documents describe the series of events that led to the reprimand. Some members of the academic com munity and cadets have come to McNabb’s defense, most at his request to help rebut the letter. Some even say he should be commended for his action, not repri manded. The cadets and at least one professor be sides McNabb say the incident was cov ered up by the administration. Others, generally higher in the administration, say the situation was a result of poor com munication, different interpretations of Texas A&M University Rules and Regu lations, and poor decisions. “You have blatantly violated a lawful order and have embarrassed the United States Air Force,” Durham’s letter stated. “Such conduct places your judgment se riously in question.” McNabb said in his reply that he was acting as a former student of Texas A&M, which he is, and so his action did not dis obey the order. Otherjstatements say that he earlier asked Durham if he could pur sue the matter as a former student, and was told that the aeroscience professors could pursue it only as former students. Different interpretations of regs The central question in the handling of the contract cadet’s scholastic dishonesty is whether the information should have been forwarded to the cadet’s academic dean. Gen. Ormond Simpson, head of the School of Military Sciences, decided not to forward the information. He and Dr. John Koldus, vice president for student serv ices, interpreted Texas A&M University Rules and Regulations to mean that the information could be kept in the Division of Student Services. Simpson is also liaison for the Corps of Cadets in the division. “I made the decision not to move fur ther,” Simpson said. “It got all muddled because of rumors of other incidents.” At that time, he said, he did not know of cheating by the student in a business course, or his other dishonorable acts. “I thought the penalties were commen surate with the infractions.” The student soon resigned his contract for commission ing as an officer in the Air Force and with drew from the Corps. Dr. Clinton Phillips, acting dean of the College of Business, said that Simpson should have forwarded the information. The Rules and Regulations say, “Cases of apparent scholastic dishonesty ... may be reported by the instructor through the head of the department to the dean of the student’s college.” Phillips said that means he should have been told. “He’s probably right,” Simpson said. “It was a judgment call on my part. ” As soon as Phillips, prompted by Capt. McNabb, asked about the incident, Simpson told him what he knew. “Hindsight is 20-20,” Simpson said. “I think they all, except the student in volved, acted in good faith.” Koldus said the problem was one of poor communication and misunderstanding, he Battalion ol. 7 No. 111 P|ages Wednesday, March 7, 1979 College Station, Texas News Dept. 845-2611 Business Dept. 845-2611 T have not violated any lawful order nor have I exercised bad judgment,” McNabb wrote in his reply. “Moreover, if I had not taken the steps that I did, none of this critical information would have reached the proper University officials. ... I have conducted myself the only way in which my integrity and moral responsibility would allow me.” The series of events goes like this: —The student cheated in an aerospace studies course, and received an “F.” —The student cheated in a course in the College of Business Administration (also his own academic college), and dropped Ihe course, passing, when caught. The professor did not pursue the matter, which is his option under Rules and Regulations. cited and he proposes to clarify the Rules and Regulations so administrators will under stand their responsibilities when faced with a cheating incident. Koldus said that handling the incident was unusual because the military is more strictly structured than academia. Dr. Haskell Monroe, dean of faculties, agreed. He said McNabb’s action — going outside regular channels — would be more readily accepted by the academic community. “In an academic sense, this would not be considered as unusual or extreme as in a military sense.“ —The Air Force began a disenrollment investigation based on the cheating in the aerospace studies course, not knowing about the cheating in the business course. —Simpson (head of the School of Mili tary Sciences and liaison for the Corps of Cadets in the Division of Student Serv ices) and Dr. John Koldus, vice president of that division, decided not to pass along information about the incident to the act ing dean of the business college. Dr. Clin ton Phillips. —McNabb learned of the cheating in the business course and confirmed other dishonorable acts by the student. —The student resigned his contract and from the Corps. —McNabb knew the information, in cluding the business cheating, had gone from him to Durham and Simpson, and wanted to know why it had not gone farther. —He suspected a cover-up and talked with Dr. Charles McCandless, associate vice president for academic affairs, and later wrote a letter to him outlining the incidents, in both the business and mili tary colleges. Acting as a former student he also talked about it to Glenn Dowling, President Jarvis Miller’s assistant. —Phillips and others in his college began a series of meetings with Koldus and other University officials to discuss the matter. Phillips began a disciplinary ac tion, which is still unresolved. —McNabb received notice of the letter of reprimand. Cancer quicker A Texas A&M University re searcher uses these little dishes in finding out if metals can con tribute to cancer. His method is significantly quicker and cheaper than by current methods. See page 11. dge nominee denies nowledge of slush fund United Press International ApJSTIN — Saying they want to study es on a former Gulf Oil Co. attorney’s e i| slush fund scandal, members of a nats committee have postponed action the man’s nomination to a district dgeship. William B. Edwards, a Houston attor- | Rnies he did anything illegal while Hs a Gulf attorney or knew an velope he delivered from a company ibyist to former Gov. Preston Smith ntained money. Kovyever, one senator said Edwards H to the Senate Nominations Com- ttee appeared inconsistent with a 1976 tement he gave state officials. rhewmmittee Tuesday then postponed ion for a week on Gov. Bill Clements’ ition of Edwards to be judge of the ffiDistrict Court. ritics said they want more time to lies on state investigations into the company’s political slush fund and a idavit Edwards gave on his role in ndal. e voluminous file on Edwards and contains affidavits Gulf officials gave ;n-Secretary of State Mark White and mey General John Hill after the Secu- S and Exchange Commission accused firm of operating a $5.5 million slush told the committee Tuesday. “I have done nothing wrong.” Edwards said he was maligned by a re r port prepared by order of Judge John J. Sirica detailing Gulfs illegal campaign contributions and indicating Edwards ad mitted delivering corporate funds to Smith from Gulf lobbyist Oscar C. Wild Jr. “This is unfair and misleading,” Ed wards said. Edwards said he never opened the sealed brown envelope Wild gave him to deliver to Smith, and denied he had any “actual knowledge” there was money in side. But Sen. Lloyd Doggett, D-Austin, suggested the denal was inconsistent Ed wards’ 1976 sworn statement that the envelope for Smith was the only occasion “any funds (were) ever given to me ear marked for a specified recipient. ” Schlesinger: gas shortage possible, despite Iran’s oil United Press International WASHINGTON — Even though Iran has resumed exporting some oil, Ameri cans face the possibility of tight supplies of gasoline this vacation season and next. Energy Secretary James Schlesinger said Tuesday. Schlesinger testified at a House approp riations subcommittee considering the Energy Department budget. “In Iran today, we have had the first export of oil that has occurred for months,” Schlesinger said. But he added there is little chance Iran ) Ssttreeeeeeettccchh! Although it’s National Health and P.E. Week, Texas A&M University dents out jogging and exercising say they didn’t know it. They say they st like to exercise and keep in shape for the fun of it. Here, Kris Simpson, a junior landscape architecture major, stretches on the Aerobic Track infield. Battalion photo by Lyle Lovett will get its exports up to its former level and the shortage has lasted long enough to affect American inventories of oil. Oil customers of Iran “have been going into the hole by 2 million barrels a day in excess of the normal drawdown (from in ventory),” Schlesinger said. “In the longer run, we cannot afford to do that. We can not afford to borrow against the future.” By summer, oil companies will have to be building their inventories for next winter, he said. “We have the possibility of some spot shortages of gasoline this summer and some shortages next summer,” Schlesinger said. “Pernicious price controls” have kept refiners from expanding their capacity, he said, and, “We face the possibility of tight supplies and spot shortages this summer and next.” Schlesinger said the United States should not look for “panaceas” from Chinese, Mexican or even Saudi Arabian oil in the long run. He said China has oil but also an industrial development plan that will consume oil. Mexico has huge supplies but a mea sured plan for exports, he said. And Saudi Arabia’s production, on which the United States depends heavily, may not expand as much as formerly hoped, Schlesinger said. “When a lawyer gives up his or her time to save a life, we are too many times from all quarters casti gated for giving those efforts,” said Richard “Race horse” Haynes, speaking on “Criminal Justice.” Haynes was presented Tuesday afternoon by the Memorial Student Center Political Forum Com mittee. Battalion photo by Lee Roy Le.schper Jr. ‘Racehorse* says time, effort earn criticism for trial lawyers By RICHARD OLIVER Battalion Reporter Lawyers are too often criticized for giv ing “time and effort to save a life,” Richard “Racehorse” Haynes said at Texas A&M University Tuesday. The prominent defense lawyer, best known for his part in the T. Cullen Davis trials, said, “When a lawyer gives up his or her time to save a life, we are too many times from all quarters castigated for giv ing those efforts.” Speaking before about 500 people, Haynes outlined many aspects of criminal law. His lecture was sponsored by the Memorial Student Center Political Forum Committee. “It is important, indeed, very impor tant, that we pay particular attention to the business of going about denying people life or liberty,” he said, “and that we be as exact as possible in our pursuits of justice. Haynes was given the name “Racehorse” by his high school football coach for his motions on the field. Davis, the Fort Worth millionaire who is Haynes’ most famous client, was charged with paying FBI informant David McCrory $25,000 to arrange the murder of Joe H. Eidson, Davis’s divorce judge. His first trial, among the longest in Texas his tory, ended in a hung jury, but officials say they plan a retrial. ‘Mills’ send catalogues, use charge system Selling term papers is big business By PAUL BARTON Special to The Battalion Ordering a research paper through the mail is not exactly like dealing with Sears Roebuck or Montgomery Ward, but it does bear certain resemblances. The “term paper mills,” as they are called, will, like the retail giants, let you charge your purchase. And they have catalogs to browse through as you make your selection. Their names range from International Term Papers Inc. to Research Assistance. They all pursue the same customer: the student with too little time or competence to write a research paper. One company that advertised last fall at Texas A&M University is Pacific Research of Seattle. For $1, it will send you a 236- page catalog that describes papers like this one: 2366 THE NEW DEAL AND THE RADICALS OF THE NINETEEN THIR TIES — Distinguishes between the radical right, which was economically oriented, and the radical left, which vieibed eco nomics as a means to a social end. The proliferation of radical groups is shown to be unsurprising: the intact survival of American institutions is attributed to in stitutional flexibility and to FDR. 9 pages^!6 footnotes. 7 sources in bibliog raphy. But Pacific Research carries more than just history papers in its “warehouse.” The topics it offers include music, dance, phi losophy and social sciences like psychology — and none of them come cheap. Pacific charges $3 per page, and all pa pers over 24 pages cost $70. But — let it be said — the student is not charged for the table of contents, title page, outline, or bibliography. If not pleased with choices available in the catalog, the student can order some “custom research. ” This costs a little more — $6.50 a page for an undergraduate paper and $8 for graduate work. Rush orders, completed in one week, cost $1 more per page. On the other hand. Pacific also offers at cost to edit, criticize or outline a paper you have written yourself. They call these “Writer’s Guide” services. Purchased term papers are nothing new. Some of the first companies to do big business in this dubious trade were lo cated in Boston in the early 1970s. Accord ing to Time magazine, the boom in the number of Ph.D.s at the time gave these firms “a readymade crop of writers. ” Today, the situation is much the same. Phyllis Zagano, an English teacher at State University of New York at Stonybrook who has written several articles on the subject for national magazines, said in a telephone interview that the writers who work for these companies are well educated and multi-degreed. Some companies even claim to have College faculty on their staff. For their efforts, they are paid from $2 to $15 a page. It is not entirely a lawful profession, however. Several states — among them New York, California, North Carolina, Illinois, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Maryland — have laws against selling term papers. In New York, for instance, it (Please turn to page 5.) Haynes stressed that particular atten tion should be paid in trials dealing with human lives, with no limit on trial length. “A human life is at stake,” he said. “In the name of expedience we have cheated and robbed our country of the one thing that makes it strong and wonderful — and that is a government of law and not of men. “For example, when two giant corpora tions are suing each other in an anti-trust matter, that litigation may take up to 15 years with literally hundreds of lawyers and hundreds of man-hours spent to re solve the case. No one gets upset with that. “But, on the other hand, if there is a case that involves a citizen accused of a crime which goes on for six months to a year, then it’s viewed as taking much too long. I think what I do is just as important as are the things lawyers representing cor porations do.” Haynes was adamant in his view of capi tal punishment. “I think everyone is capable of taking the life of another human being if provoked. As a matter of personal philoso phy, I’m against the taking of a man’s life. “I do recognize that some fact situations are so gross that until you sit on the jury and hear the facts yourself it’s difficult to say. I think, and studies have shown, that capital punishment has not deterred crime. “To take a human being and fatten him up with whatever he wants for a last meal, then walk him down to a spot where you fry the juices out of him seems sort of bar baric to me.” Rather than capital punishment, Haynes says he believes in rehabilitation. “Taking a man’s life will not bring back the deceased. Taking his life will not pre vent anyone from his neighborhood from committing a crime,” he said. “It will only mean he will be forgotten after a year or so by everyone except his immediate family.” Haynes said if another Davis trial is held, he will once again be the defense attorney.