The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, November 14, 1978, Image 9

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!HIB8flBntit&im Iholesterol not dangerous, study says THE BATTALION Page 9 TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1978 o by Lid n, and Archl from\ car wkJ v'ot OL d asin cam l The cholesterol scare is misleading, say 30 Texas A&M University (professors who risked their health to prove it. The professors participated in an experiment conducted by Dr. (Raymond Reiser, a lipids biochemist at Texas A&M. Reiser said he began the project after the American Heart Associa- (tion recommended that people eliminate eggs from their diets as a (guard against cholesterol build-up. More recently, the Senate Select committee on Dietary Goals for (the United States recommended that people substitute fish and poul try for red meat, also to reduce cholesterol build-up. Reiser said the recommendations were made on inconclusive re- Isearch. “I wanted to determine what will happen when people leading a normal, day-to-day lifestyle eat meat and eggs,” Reiser said. Dr. Barbara O’Brien, a worker in the study, said the first step in | the experiment was to select participants. “We went to the staff meetings of the animal science, poultry, and I biochemistry departments and discussed our plans. From there, (word got around and soon we were receiving calls from volunteers,” iBrien said. O’Brien said only men faculty members between the ages of 31 and [61 were considered. No conclusive research can be done on women unless the group is [similar in hormone make-up, O’Brien said. She added, “Since some women take the pill, and some are preg- Jnant or may become pregnant,” the variation in hormone levels [would have produced too great a problem. The 31-61 age bracket is considered the “risk age” because most [heart attacks occur within that age range. Reiser said. “This is also the period of a man’s most highly productive years, [and the group in which we are most interested,” Reiser said. 0 Brien said 37 professors volunteered. They were screened with personal interviews and physical examinations. “We took blood samples to determine cholesterol levels, and we considered other factors such as blood pressure, weight, serum glu cose, and triglycerates, to try to obtain healthy, normal participants,” she said. Four diets were followed by the participants, with each diet lasting six weeks. The first diet included three “visible” eggs, (those not contained by other foods), fish and poultry every day. No red meat was allowed. The second diet was made up of fish and poultry, with no red meat or visible eggs. The third diet included red meat, but no visible eggs. The last diet included both red meat and three visible eggs per day. The participants were “on their honor” to follow the diets. They were instructed to list all cholesterol-containing foods eaten, and signify any deviations make. “Their lifestyles were not interrupted, with exception of eggs and type of meat in their diets,” O’Brien said. The experiment concluded that red meat and eggs do not contrib ute to cholesterol build-up. “In fact, the groups on the heavier egg diets during the final six weeks requested another six weeks, just to see if anything would lappen,” O’Brien said. “No build-up of cholesterol was detected.” “The ‘bomb’ in this whole hassle over cholesterol and coronaries is an association by people of cholesterol with fats,” Reiser said. “But, the fact is, lean meat contains more cholesterol than does fat meat. So, fish and poultry, being lean meat, contains as much cholesterol as does red meat.” An “extra” participant. Dr. W.F. Krueger, who had a triple coro- atotall “ary heart bypass, said he had “no problem” with the diets. “My , jjgQu cholesterol is within normal range, and so are my trglycerates,” Krueger said. He is head of the poultry science department and said jjjoenl he wanted to see for himself about high egg diets. O’Brien said that only one participant showed a significant choles terol increase, from 227 to 294 milligrams. “He was on the three-egg per day diet, but he was also visiting 11,^ relatives in England. He said he was eating many high-cholesterol foods along with the eggs. He said a rich cream was eaten at almost [every meal. Essentially, he was in a very high-cholesterol-eating ishes® area ’’’ O’Brien said. The experiment proved that the body keeps a balance of choles- terol, and excess amounts are passed out. “As far as the correlation of .ctsarflhigh cholesterol and heart attacks, we have no way of knowing that,” basic J 0 ’ Brien said - “The body needs cholesterol for certain functions. Our organs, primarily the liver, makes cholesterol. “We have a regulatory mechanism that shuts off cholesterol pro duction if a lot of cholesterol is taken in through foods. If we aren’t getting enough cholesterol, the liver makes it. I “So, we get a relatively constant level,” O’Brien said. ic deal?: udersta conte las ises «1 cpensu: evert tated i ;ctions| i infer ;rs in (i uringil osal I wot rs pel id m i inspf 5 perl ill. lairc^ ould i rrani} 1 ] [its * HOUSE OF YOUR SUPERMARKET FOR NEW AMERICAN CARS Can Broker any American made car straight from Detroit & save you hundreds, possibly thousands! You can probably buy a ’79 model cheaper than what you paid for a ’78! m AL GUTIERREZ - BROKER ALSO OWNER OF HOUSE OF BOOTS & HOUSE OF TIRES. Steal! vy : anil her CALL 822-7139 8:30-5:30 P.M. (CORNER OF COULTER & TEXAS AVE.) ^You have a right 7 to an answer Do you expect answers to your prayers? you have a right to. Do you long to be closer to God - really feel His presence and power? That’s your right, too. Want to learn more about the kind of prayer that brings results? Come and hear a free lecture on Christian Science. “WHERE DO OUR RIGHTS COME FROM?” by James Spencer, CSB, 7:00 p.m. Tues day evening, November 14 in Room 140 of the MSC. Sponsored by A&M Christian Science Organization TAKE A DAY OFF FROM SMOKING NOVEMBER 16. 1978 Contemporary cuts for guys and gals 4 No Hassle” Hairstyles Sculptured Nails Permanent Waves and much more. 846-6933 Texas 707 Complex College Station Battalion Classified Call 845-2611 BUDGET & RECo Dr. Barbara O’Brien works in the lab, doing research on the effect of cholesterol in the daily diet. Battalion photo by Paige Beasley TOKYO STCJIK HOUSC AGGIE SPECIAL DINNER $ 2 95 Includes: Sweet and Sour Chicken Egg Roll Fried Won Ton Chop Suey Fried Rice Fortune Cookies Specials good for students Tues., Wed., Thurs. & Sun. Closed Mondays 2025 Texas Avenue Townshire Shopping Center 822-1301 AGGIES! Douglas Jewelry offers Student ID Discounts! 15% off of $ 50 00 or more 10% off of under $ 50 00 CASH PURCHASE ONLY 212 N. 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