The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, October 18, 1978, Image 11

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Stewirt billion J HEW Is andii m to cb| 11 s repi e need: bviet Union ans revival \ huge region United Press International fLADIMIR, U.S.S.R. — The hills of the Vladimir Oblast, ■ie 150 miles northeast of |o ow, is an ancient land full of | history of the birth of the Rus- ian state, a fertile place for scholars nliested in what happened during J12th and 13th centuries, lut it is not a very fertile place for Jners at all, and despite the lint old buildings and huge, au nt monasteries, is rather an em- 1-assment for the Soviet state, lladimir is in the heart of what liet agricultural experts call the In-black earth zone” — a vast Itch of the Russian Federation ground as poor as its popula- s the crops failed, so did life in Hnon-black zone. It has become a erty pocket and the government I decided to invest an immense unt of money on a scheme to it around. he key to success, the planners doscow have decided, is the de- utside lelopment of agriculture aimed at lung the non-black zone self- (porting. he Soviet government in its cur- (t five-year-plan has earmarked Ibillion rubles ($52.2 billion) to lat has become known as the pn-black Earth Zone Project.” lut if the project is to succeed, jp government will have to ten soils that are plagued by acidity. It is sandy ground that not produce crops without imum attention. ands long since lost to bogs will to be reclaimed by filling them nd pumping them full of organic I chemical fertilizers so they will |able to produce crops. /hy bother? Why not put the in- tment into other regions with |d soils and a more likely chance uccess? ikhail Ponamaryev, first secre- I of the Vladimir Oblast Com- ! Inist Party, says that although the i l is poor, the conditions for ag- 5 ilture are excellent. S ; Despite the infertility due to i Idy soils, despite the poor soils, | region has favorable conditions the development of farming,” erty tin lamaryev said. “There is good need lot ither and an abundance of pre- : progia itation.” licit oi ’onamaryev is responsible for mtofll y one section of the non-black \ th zone. His region occupies 1009 square miles with a popula- h of 1,565,000. ilie whole non-black earth region vast section of the Soviet Union It includes more than 140 million |es of farmland. he size of the project is indicated the statistics: by 1990, the ex ited completion date, the Soviet [ion wants to triple the agricul- I output of the region. There are villages in the region now, by 1990, the population will be |ved into 15,400 “large and well- winted townships,” according to magazine Soviet Union, he expenditure per resident for sing and services under the plan ice the national average. When Ie project is completed, it will a land area five times as large France and 11 times as large as |st Germany. griculture has never been strong odcutti) I the region, Ponamaryev said, but juipmei I quality of life has improved be- se of a wide and thriving selec- hisaaij )h of industries. dadimir Oblast produces every- ng from tractors to crystal and lina plates. There are 86,000 iple working in agriculture or iculture-related industries, 'onamaryev said the average ag- iltural salary in the region is 136 )les ($194) a month, iasically, lack of humus in the soil high acidity have turned the re- into a poor agricultural zone. Imus is organic matter, the re- nains of dead plants and animals, lit its worst, humus content regis- ersonly 0.5 percent in the Vladimir Ihlast. At its best, it registers about liercent. Prime agricultural land humus content of 20 percent UD, THE BATTALION Page 11 WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1978 Defector wins today 95th Congress - most to end chess match United Press International BAGUIO, Philippines — Viktor Korchnoi, near tears with his life’s dream of the championship de molished, resigned the 32nd game of the longest and richest world chess series in history today, allow ing Anatoly Karpov to retain the title abandoned by Bobby Fischer. “Petra, I’ve lost the match,” the red-eyed Korchnoi told his compan ion and aide, Petra Leeuwerik, after refusing to even look at the board in which his black pieces were hopelessly pinned in a corner. Karpov is a bitter personal and ideological foe of Korchnoi, 20 years his senior at 47, who defected from the Soviet Union in 1976. The champion earned $450,000 for his victory. Korchnoi got $250,000. The $700,000 total purse was a record as was the length of the match — exactly three months. Korchnoi’s decision not to resume play of the adjourned 32nd game al lowed Karpov to keep the title of world champion, which he won by default in 1975 when temperamen tal American chess wizard Bobby Fischer refused to play the young Russian. The dramatic resignation also ended what had been an unprece dented comeback by Korchnoi, who had roared back from a 5-2 losing margin in games won to tie the match at 5-5. Six games were neces sary to win. The series had 26 draws. Off the board, the match was studded with repeated squabbles, over topics ranging from Karpov’s consumption of yogurt during the games and his use of a parap sychologist, to Korchnoi’s habit of wearing sunglasses indoors while he played and his meditations with gurus. But it was on the board that Kor chnoi lost the title. He was backed into a corner by Karpov, who had only a onepawn advantage but spec tacularly better position for his pieces. “It’s all over for Korchnoi,” inter national master Harry Golombek said Tuesday, before the Russian challenger had conceded. “It’s completely hopeless,” said Korchnoi’s aide, Raymond Keene of Britain. Today Korchnoi agreed. He re signed without even looking at the board in the darkened red-carpeted hall. Academy urges return to breast-feeding infants progn lem. when ild dr up to his lo| ir back tainsidf ;h loggi cost! here ed, av 1 provii cut-y itter «i ” hesai be ei state | eh will tors prep# kve ki said United Press International EVANSTON, Ill. — Virtually all newborn infants should be breast fed, the American Academy of Pediatrics urges in one of its most sweeping endorsements of the prac- , tice. The academy Tuesday recom mended breast-feeding for all new born infants unless the child or mother has some specific physical condition making such feeding im possible. The statement on breastfeeding is contained in a report of the group’s committee on nutrition published in this month’s issue of the organiza tion’s journal, Pediatrics. The committee’s report also rec ommended that: —Employers offer breastfeeding facilities in day-care centers so working mothers can feed their in fants during work; —Hospital maternity units be modified so mothers can breast-feed their children from the moment of birth; —Mothers be encouraged to let babies establish their own feeding schedules and allow them to spurn rigid three and four-hour feedings; —That schools include breastfeeding techniques in their sex education classes. The academy, based in this northern suburb, said the report was written in part to discourage in creased use of artificial formulas in poor countries. Dr. Jean Lockhart, director of the academy’s health service and government affairs de partment, said the nutrition com mittee’s unequivocal stand was prompted by urgings from United Nations’ health officials. The report said formulafeeding unfortunately has supplanted breast-feeding in most of the indus trialized word, as well as underde veloped nations. It said breast feeding has retained a dominant position only in Israel and the Soviet Union and it urged that more coun tries return to breastfeeding. Arabian ministers agree on Lebanon cease-fire plan United Press International BEIRUT, Lebanon — Arab foreign ministers agreed Tuesday on an eight-point plan aimed at con solidating the cease-fire in Lebanon, shoring up the central government and promoting national entente. As sniper fire continued to mar the 10-day-old truce in Beirut be tween Syrian troops of the Arab peace-keeping force and Christian rightist militias, representatives of nations contributing either money or men to the force wound up three days of talks at Beit Eddine, 26 miles south of the capital. The state-run Beirut radio said the foreign ministers and special envoys from Syria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Sudan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait “re viewed specific security arrange ments brought to the conference by President Elias Sarkis.” Details of the security arrange ments were not disclosed. Significantly, no mention was made of renewal of the mandate of the Syrian-dominated Arab peace keeping force, although Sarkis said in a recent speech he intended to ask for renewal. The conferees expressed their “appreciation of the role of the Arab deterrent forces in these delicate and difficult circumstances.” The Beit Eddine conference con cluded its sessions with an eight- point communique that stressed the unity, sovereignty and territorial in tegrity of Lebanon and called for an end to all obstacles to establishing a strong central government. The communique called for an end to propaganda warfare and the application of the law prohibiting il legal radio stations, television sta tions or publications. It said a timetable must be drawn up for reconstruction of the Lebanese army “on a national and balanced basis” in order for the army to take over the duties of the Arab peacekeeping force in the fu ture. The Syrians, dominating the A,rab League peace-keeping force that ended the 1975-76 civil war, swap ped small-arms and shell fire with Christian rightist militiamen on the edge of Christian east Beirut in the worst outbreak of fighting since the cease-fire took hold. Sniper fire continued daylong in various parts of east Beirut, killing at least one civilian and wounding two Lebanese Red Cross workers,. residents said. The pre-dawn clash erupted around the strategic Karantina bridge area linking east Beirut to outlying Christian areas. Free Pregnancy Testing Pregnancy Terminations West Loop Clinic 2909 West Loop South 610 Houston, Texas 622-2170 A&M STUDENT ' DISCOUNT (WITH COUPON) (NOT GOOD ON DELIVERIES) 807 TEXAS Across from Texas A&M 696-3380 $175 A OFF $ 1 50 OFF $ J oo orr Mama's Pizza (20”) Large Pizza (16”) Medium Pizza (13”) (EXPIRES OCTOBER 19, 1978) GOOD MON.-THURS. productive in some time United Press International WASHINGTON — For sheer volume of legislation, the climax of the 95th Congress surpassed any other in recent times. The energy, tax cut and jobs bills took the head lines, but many more bills won final approval. It will be days before a complete list of the newly enacted bills can be compiled. But here is a summary of the more important pieces of legisla tion approved in the marathon weekend session: —Labor-HEW: A compromise bill appropriating $56 billion for the Departments of Labor and Health, Education and Welfare, with com promise language on federally funded abortions. —Public works: A compromise Center name chosen The intramural oplex at Texas A&M University will officially be named the W.L. Penberthy In tramural Center, aticatin- ceremonies Saturday. The ceremony will begin at 10:30 a.m. in the Harrington Education Center, room 108. Speakers will in clude Clyde H. Wells, chairman of the Board of Regents; Jarvis E. Mil ler, University president; Dr. John Koldus, vice president for student services, and former Texas A&M In tramural Director C.G'Spike” White, now owner and director of Kanakuk-Kanakoma Kamps, Inc. in Brandon, Mo. The head of the Health and Physical Education De partment, Dr. Carl Landiss, will preside at the dedication. Penberthy, a Bryan resident, ended a 40-year career at Texas A&M in 1966. During that time he served as an instructor, intramural director, head of the department of physical education, dean of students and chairman of the University Ath letic Council. Penberthy established the foun dation the intramural program at Texas A&M, which now includes competition in 36 sports, ranging from softball to water polo. According to recent figures, al most 60 percent of Texas A&M’s 30,255 students participate in in tramural sports. public works program, tailored to avoid another veto. The new $1.5 billion legislation eliminates six water projects that President Carter didn’t want and denied construction funds for 11 more. —Highways: A bill providing $51 billion in federal aid for highways and mass transit over the next four years. —Education assistance to stu dents: Carter’s bill to expand finan cial assistance programs for middle income college students, but no tui tion tax credits. —Education aid: An estimated $50 billion in federal aid to educa tion over the next five years. —Airline deregulation: Phasing out federal regulation of the airline industry. Air routes would be de regulated by the end of 1981, fares and mergers would be deregulated by the end of 1982, and the Civil Aeronautics Board would go out of existence in 1985 unless future legis lation continued it. —Endangered species: Extends and weakens the Endangered Species Act, setting up a method of reviewing whether the benefits of projects outweigh the dangers to endangered life species, with a clause permitting construction of the Tellico Dam project, halted by a 3-inch fish called the snail darter. — Cigarette bootlegging: would subject wholesale cigarette bootleg gers to five-year federal prison terms and $100,000 fines, along with seizure of the shipments. —Sugar: A compromise bill rais ing the price of sugar, providing sugar beet and sugar cane producers 15.75 cents a pound for raw sugar above the current support level of 14.65 cents, ensuring increases in the retail prices of soft drinks, candy, cookies and refined sugar. —Beef imports: a counter-cyclical beef imports bill sought by the cat tle industry under which beef im ports would increase during times of low domestic cattle production, thus stabilizing ups and downs of supplies and prices. —Military unions: a bill to outlaw union membership by members of the military and forbidding collec tive bargaining in the military. —Athletics: A bill giving the U.S. Olympic Committee the task of end ing years of disputes in amateur ath letics, designating U.S. activity as it relates to the Olympics, the pan- American games and other interna tional events. —Justice: a $1.9 billion Justice Department authorization bill. 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