The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, January 04, 1978, Image 1

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The Battalion Vol. 71 No. 74 6 Pages Wednesday, January 4, 1978 College Station, Texas Inside Today: Golden oldies not forgotten, p. 2. Carter gives up crown, p. 3. SWC gridiron reviewed, p. 5. News Dept. 845-2611 Business Dept. 845-2611 J arter detours o mend peace United Press International YADH, Saudi Arabia-President Carter to Egypt today in a crucial detour of his tour to try to pat ch up differences with iident Anwar Sadat on the Palestinian e. larterflew to Aswan, Egypt from talks in fi Arabia, (Egypt’s backer and bankrol- the Middle East), in which the presi- brought King Khaled closer to the position of a Palestinian homeland ed to Jordan. he president, taking time out on his to Paris and the fifth scheduled stop on world tour, left Saudi Arabia early to emore time with Sadat, gptian officials said Sadat will urge terto recognize the right of Palestinians ielf-determination, thus opening the for the possible establishment of a stinian state on the West Bank of Jor- and Gaza Strip. he Palestinian issue is the main stumbl- block to a Middle East peace settle- it. The difference is whether the Pales- ms should have simple self-autonomy, Israel has proposed, or full self- jrmination, as Egypt has insisted, tthe Christmas day summit between aland Israeli Prime Minister Menahem in Ismailia, Egypt, Israel offered ■autonomy for Palestinians in the West hand Gaza Strip. Sadat, however, in- adon self-determination for the Pales- insinart independent state in the same occupied areas. In the past, Carter has called for a Pales tinian homeland as part of a Middle East settlement. However, on the eve of his departure, Carter said he supported the Israel proposals and said publicly he did not agree to creation of an independent Pales tinian state. Sadat said Carter’s remarks “surprised... embarrassed...disappointed” him. Carter’s stop in Aswan was aimed at heal ing the rift with Sadat and reporting on his talks in Tehran, Iran with Jordan’s King Hussein and with the Saudis. The Egyptians hope they can persuade Carter to put pressure on the Israelis to make more concessions on the issue. “The United States can bridge the gap between the various viewpoints,” Foreign Minister Ibrahim Kamel said. “Egypt wants the United States to play a positive role, particularly in regard to acknowledg ment of the right of Palestinians to self- determination.’ The visit to Riyadh, Carter’s fourth stop on a seven-nation trip that ends Friday, began on the hopeful report that the Saudis may be shifting their views on the Palesti nian question. “It would appear that they are now mov ing to our approach to the Palestinian is- ,sue,” a U.S. official traveling with Carter, said - a major switch, since the moderate Saudis have strongly backed a separate homeland for Palestinian refugees. irmed miners wade Tennessee United 1’iess Interiintionnl ime 600 striking United Mine Work- anned with ax handles, hunting knives guns, invaded eastern Tennessee day, vowing to block post-holiday re gion of production at non-union soft mines. Others burned equipment in ana, and two strikers were hit by a car Pennsylvania picket line, iners entering Tennessee from hboring states traveled in a caravan of it 200 cars, heavily outnumbering area nforcement officers. Two UMW strik- I'ere run down in Pennsylvania when a b superintendent tried to drive his car ugh a picket line blocking a mine ance. le two pickets were treated for minor ties and a warrant was issued for the st of the superintendent. [Washington, negotiations to settle the week strike by 188,000 UMW miners ained recessed with no date set for re- ption of talks. Each side blamed the r for the collapse of negotiations, aderson County, Term., Sheriff Den nis Trotter said the out-of-state pickets moved in convoys around the New River and Windrock areas of eastern Tennessee. Most mines in eastern Tennessee either are non-union or have miners affiliated with the Southern Labor Union. They have been shut down for about three weeks by roving pickets who moved into the area before the holidays. In Indiana, a caravan of about 75 cars swooped down Tuesday on two non-union mines in the southern part of the state. Windows were broken and a bulldozer set afire at the Heritage Hills mine near Hol land, Ind., and three pieces of equipment were set ablaze at another mine near Santa Claus, Ind. Somerset County, Pa., Sheriff Donald May said a warrant was issued for mine superintendent Ronald Corl following the picket line incident at a Lunar Mining Co. mine in Quemahoning Township. May said one of his deputies also was hit by the superintendent’s car but did not require treatment. Battalion photo by Pat O’Malley Giving it his all Freshman quarterback Mike Mosley’s 180 yards on Dec. 31 did little to help the Aggies attain a victory in the Bluebonnet Bowl. The Trojans of the University of Southern California outscored the Aggies 47-28. See related story, page 5. Drought continues despite rain, snow United Press International SAN FRANCISCO-It’s raining. It’s snowing. So the great California drought is over. Right? Wrong. Despite a rash of December storms and predictions of more early in the new year. Gigged USC runningback Charles White gives Texas A&M defensive back Mike Williams the thumbs-down on the way to helping the Trojans to a 47-28 victory in the Bluebonnet Bowl Saturday. See related story, page 5. Battalion photo by Pat O’Malley drought officials say that, at best, they are just the beginning of the end. To the 5 million Northern Californians still under water rationing, Bill Clark of the State Drought Information Center said Tuesday: “It will be at least three years before we can say we have turned the drought around.” That means the drought, already in its third year, will make more permanent new life styles imposed on residents, such as: Shorter showers, less flushing of toilets and decreased use of dishwashers, which are big water consumers that use nearly a whole day’s allotment for some persons on rationing. An irony of the drought is that residents, who have cooperated remarkably in the ra tioning, are paying more for being good citizens. By using less water, they cut down incomes of water companies, which com plete a vicious circle by raising water rates to the good Samaritan consumers. Water bills of $100 for households are not un common. The key word to the drought is “ground- water.” It’s the water that seeps into un derground storage from rainfall and runoff from the Sierra snowpack. And it accounts for 40 percent of the water supply. The other 60 percent comes from reser voirs, which have filled up to nearly half of normal but can’t signal the end of the drought even when full. “Were taking more water out of our un derground resources than is going in,” said Richard Poison of the Fresno Farm Bureau in the San Joaquin Valley, the heart of the nation’s fruit and vegetable production. “We re about 1 1/2-million-acre-feet short of the normal underground table. It’s going to take several years of normal or excessive rain to build it back up.” An acre foot is one acre of water a foot deep. He added that shoppers across the nation can expect continued higher prices because of farm losses estimated at $700 million as a result of the drought. As the producers of 25 percent of Ameri ca’s food, California farmers use about 85 percent of the state’s water. January and February - the top rainfall months of the year - look promising, says the National Weather Service. And those months are the immediate key. “But we can’t actually count our luck until spring when the snowpack melts and runs into storage and we know how much we’ve got,” said Clark. In cold figures, what California needs is about 130 percent of normal rainfall this season followed by two years of normal pre cipitation, he said. Russia blames China for war United Press International HONG KONG — The Soviet Union is blaming China for provoking the border war between Vietnam and Cambodia which has killed thousands on both sides. A Radio Moscow report monitored in Hong Kong Tuesday said, “The worsening relations between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Kampuchea, Cambodia has obviously been provoked by Peking.” It was the first time the Soviets openly have blamed their Communist rival by name, although Moscow previously has hinted that Chinese advisers were help ing Cambodia. Vietnam has received most of its war ma terial support from Moscow; Cambodia leans toward Peking. Reports from Cambodia and Vietnam in dicate division-size operations involving thousands of troops, armor, artillery and air power are involved in the fighting in Cam bodia’s Svay Reng province, known as the Parrot’s Beak to U.S. soldiers who fought there during the Vietnam war. Refugees from the area have said the fighting has caused more than 2,500 casual ties on both sides. The Cambodians, historic enemies of the Vietnamese, have accused Hanoi of trying to take over Cambodia and force it to join a Vietnam-domintaed “Indochinese Federa tion.” The Soviet commentary said, “The Chinese authorities cannot reconcile them selves with the existence of United Socialist Vietnam..." Cambodian President Khieu Samphan has charged “some foreign nationals have acted as advisers, company commanders and experts in artillery units and armored units’’ in internal fighting by anti government guerrillas. Samphan aid not identify the foreign ers,” but U.S. officials said it was clear he was referring to Soviet military advisers. The New China News Agency said from Peking the Soviets are helping the Vietnamese. U.S. officials say they have no indepen dent confirmation of the Soviet and Chinese involvement in the actual fighting, but there is ample evidence China is sup porting Cambodia and the Soviet Union has lined up with Vietnam. The Cambodian government has also said the immediate reason for the fighting is Vietnam’s food shortage, which has caused the Hanoi government to “rob and pillage” thousands of acres of rice. Vietnamese forces invading Cambodia were accompanied by several rice harvesting machines, the Cambodian broadcast said. Attorney claims new evidence in quest for appeal United Press International HOUSTON-The attorney for the family of the late Dr. John Hill says new evidence gathered by police and the district attor ney’s office is enought to warrant a new trial on a wrongful death suit against millionaire oilman Ash Robinson. Robinson was exonerated by a jury in state District Judge Arthur Lesher’s court Oct. 21 in a $7.6 million wrongful death suit filed by Hill’s survivors. The suit claimed Robinson had Hill killed to avenge the mys terious death of Joan Robinson Hill, the doctor’s first wife and the oilman’s only child. Lesher said Tuesday attorneys in the case had to submit written arguments be fore he would decide whether to grant a new trial. Hill was shot to death Sept. 24, 1972, in the foyer of his colonial mansion. At the time, he was awaiting trial on murder-by neglect charges in the 1969 death of Joan Robinson Hill from a mysterious infection. Ray Bass, attorney for the Hill family, Tuesday told Lesher a North Carolina con vict was present in 1972 when a murder contract on Hill’s life was offered. In arguing his motion for a new trial, Bass said Houston police and the district attor ney’s office had obtained statements from convict William H. Martin Jr. at the peak of their murder investigation. The record of the criminal investigation was never made part of the civil trial be cause the district attorney’s office consid ered the five-year-old murder case an open investigation. Bob Bennett, a former assistant district attorney who sought Martin’s testimony in murder trials against two other principals in the Hill case, said the inmate refused to come forward voluntarily but there was some knowledge among lawyers of the interview in April 1973. “He (Martin) said money was available to kill a doctor in Houston and the money was available from the doctor’s father-in-law,” Bennett said. Only one other witness, Marcia McKit- trick, who drove the getaway car at the time of the killing, has voluntarily linked Robin son to the murder conspiracy. Bass argued there was grounds for a new trial because there was a witness who had knowledge of a crime but refused to testify. Cambodia has also been involved in bor der clashes with Thailand and Laos, though reports from Bangkok Tuesday said that border was quiet. Privileges unfair, say prisoners SPRINGFIELD, Mo.-Prisoners con tend Christmas furloughs given former Nixon administration officials show that the Federal Bureau of Prisons provides unfair privileges to the “mighty and rich.” The prisoners were angered by a medical furlough granted former Attorney General John Mitchell and Christmas furloughs given H.R. Haldeman and John Er- lichman, former President Richard Nixon’s two top aides. In a letter to Attorney General Griffin Bell, a group of inmates at the Medical Center for Federal Prisoners said the fur loughs went against the policy of the Fed eral Bureau of Prisons. The group, the Committee for Prisoners Equal Rights, said they do not oppose the furloughs but simply want to point out that the privilege is not afforded other prison ers. “Obviously, this is unequal justice and unequal treatment, and this is the reason for a great deal of bitterness here. The men fully realize that in this country there are two kinds of justice, one for the mighty and rich and another for the ordinary and poor,” the letter said. Among those signing the letter was Nick Civella, reputed crime boss of Kansas City, who is serving 36 months for interstate and foreign travel and transportation in aid of racketeering. / V Local farmers rally, more support sought Farmers are expected to rally in Bryan today to seek public support for the conitnuing nationwide farm strike. The gathering at Townshire Shop ping Center is in protest of low re turns for crop production. More than 100 tractors and other vehicles have been anticipated for the local demonstration. Meanwhile, the leader of the South Texas farm strike effort Tues day said a concerted effort is begin ning this week to recruit cotton and grain growers in the Coastal Bend and Rio Grande Valley for the American Agriculture movement. George Kowalik, a local imple ment dealer who led a large caravan of tractors to the federal building in San Antonio last month, said meet ings were scheduled this week at Karnes City, Robstown, Odem, Sin- ton, Taft and Mathis to encourage the farmers to join the movement. The first Lower Rio Grande Valley meeting will be next Monday at Mercedes, Kowalik said, and Ameri can Agriculture members from Kan sas, Idaho, Nebraska and other states might come to South Texas next week to help with the organizing. Kowalik added the strikers were inviting Gov. Dolph Briscoe and Rep. Henry B. Gonzalez, D-Texas, to a barbecue Saturday in Pearsall, and that two South Texans would be among a group of 10 Texans attend ing a meeting with Agriculture Sec retary Bob Bergland Saturday in Omaha, Neb. Kowalik said vegetable farmers in the Winter Garden Area (Crystal City-Carrizo Springs) and in the Lower Valley so far had ignored the strike effort, which primarily has been centered in Frio County, 60 miles southwest of San Antonio, where farmers have threatened to park their tractors until they get 100 percent parity for their crops. Kowalik quoted from a Dec. 15 Texas A&M University report on projected costs of production of crops in Texas this year. He said the report projected it would cost $4.47 to produce a hundred pounds of milo, $3.82 a bushel for wheat, $3.01 a bushel for com, 44.5 cents a pound for cotton and 19 cents a pound for peanuts. Kowalik said market prices for those crops last year were $3.20 for milo, $2.25 for wheat, $2 for corn, 38 to 44 cents for West Texas cotton and 21 cents a pound for peanuts. “There’s no way anybody could break even,” he said. V - !