The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, May 06, 1976, Image 1

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    State delays new degree programs
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Ifyouare thinking about getting an M. S.
ecology, or a B.A. in theater arts, you
ill have to wait at least another year for
iproval of those new degree programs.
The state Coordinating Board, a
ivernor-appointed group that regulates
r education, called a moratorium on
iproving new degree programs or ad-
inistrative reorganizations until next
dng. The moratorium was called at the
’s April 23 meeting.
The board postponed the approval of 103
programs, nine of which concern Texas
A&M University.
Texas A&M’s proposed degree programs
that have been delayed are: B.A. in theater
arts, M.S. in building construction, M.S.
in journalism, M.S. in ecology. Master in
public administration, Ph.D. in ecology.
Doctor of Education in agricultural educa
tion, and Ph.D. in agricultural education.
A proposal to divide the sociology depart
ment into sociology and anthropology de
partments is also planned.
The only recommendation approved was
to reestablish a horticulture department
because no extra money would be required
to implement the division. Horticulture,
at one time a separate department, was
later merged with soil and crop sciences.
Kenneth Ashworth, commissioner of
higher education, said the board took the
action because the moratorium would pro
vide an additional year to study data about
the present programs. The cost of higher
education also is climbing and the board
must consider the greater need for
economy and restraint in the growth of
higher education, he said.
Many colleges and universities in Texas
are oftering extension courses in order to
increase their enrollment, said Roger Mil
ler, assistant to the president of A&M. For
example, a college in West Texas might
conduct a course in Houston and enroll 10
or 15 people in it, he said. The college adds
those students to its enrollment figures,
which qualifies it for more state funds.
State funding is based on a formula using
enrollment figures.
The number of such courses has in
creased greatly in the past few years. Miller
said, and people are beginning to wonder
what is being done with their money. The
moratorium will give the board time to re
view these courses and decide what direc
tion extension programs should take.
For sanction, a degree plan needs to go
through several stages. First, the depart
ment initiates the request for the new de
gree and then it goes to the department
heads, curriculum committee, the dean
and then the academic council. The Board
of Regents reviews it, and the degree goes
to the state Coordinating Board for final
A fine arts degree, proposed by the Col
lege of Architecture, has passed the
academic council and will be before the
Board of Regents by the end of May. Gor
don Echols, associate dean of architecture,
said one cannot predict when a program
will be implemented. When it reaches the.
Coordinating Board, the group may send it
back and ask for revisions.
Partly cloudy and humid today, high
in the low 80s. Low tonight in the low
60s. Cloudy and humid tomorrow with
scattered showers and thundershow
ers, high in the upper 70s. Precipitation
probability 10 per cent through tomor-
Che Battalion
^ ^
Vol. 68 No. 119
College Station, Texas
Thursday, May 6, 1976
nsurance plan endorsed
McClure’s staff
gets approval
Texas A&M Student Body President,
'red McClure, appointed bis executive of-
ieers, who will serve with McClure during
he 1976-77 school year, and the new Stu-
lent Senate passed a Student Health In-
nranee Resolution last night at its first bus-
ness meeting.
Hie resolution states that the Senate will
indorse a proposed insurance plan to the
'exasA&M System Board of Regents. The
iresent health insurance plan is scheduled
or possible renewal this year.
Speaker of the Senate and Speaker Pro-
empore for the 1976-77 semesters will be
,ynn A. Gibson and John Oeflinger, re
petitively. They were elected by the Se-
All of McClure’s appointments that
leeded to be approved by the Senate were
epted by the legislative body.
Wesley Harris was named as the Judicial
Board Chairman. McClure said that he
may appoint the other members of the
board by the end of this semester but
added that those members must be ap
proved during the first month of the fall
semester with two-thirds of the Student
Senate present and voting at a meeting.
The Parliamentarian of the Senate for
next year will be Joe Beall.
McClure appointed Jody Smothers to be
the Executive Recording Secretary and
Susan Price to the Executive Director posi
McClure said he was pleased with the
way Scott Sherman handled the public re
lations for the Student Government Presi
dent’s position and that he would like
Sherman to continue his good work.
McClure named Sherman as his Director
of Information.
Briscoe to assist
Kissinger leaves Kenya
U.S. proposes
3rd World aid
Staff photo by Kevin Venner
Shiny pipes and better lighting line the newer tunnels
under the campus. These tunnels are built larger so
that a person does not have to stoop while walking.
See related story on Page 3.
barter s campaign u.s. won t get bargain prices
Associated Press
NAIROBI, Kenya — Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger today proposed
economic reforms today to aid the Third
World and “to better the quality of human
life on earth.”
Shortly after making the proposals at the
Fourth U.N. Conference on Trade and
Development, Kissinger left Nairobi for
Paris and talks with French President Val
ery Giscard d’Estaing. His departure
ended a 13-day African tour which Kis
singer told reporters at Nairobi airport had
increased his awareness of the problems
and aspirations of the African continent.
Chief among the suggestions made by
Kissinger at the U.N. conference was an
offer to negotiate for the stockpiling of raw
materials to help stabilize prices. The
proposals fell short of more radical mea
sures to curb free market forces demanded
by the less-developed countries.
However, Kissinger said his government
is open to further suggestions as it stands
committed “to free the world from disrup
tive cycles of boom and bust and to enhance
the opportunities of the developing coun
Early reaction was cautious but gener
ally favorable.
“Kissinger’s proposals are a step forward
and are more specific than what the United
States has said in the past,” A Yugoslav
expert on technology issues said.
Major proposals by Kissinger were:
An international resources bank that
would protect multinational corporations
from expropriation risks while assuring un
derdeveloped countries a reliable flow of,
V Creation of a technology corps of
businessmen and university professors to
help train the Third World in specific de
velopment programs.
V Creation of energy and industrialization
institutes to spread scientific information.'
Kissinger also said the U.S. government
is willing to negotiate the amassing of raw
materials buffer stocks to be used to shield
producing nations from extreme price fluc
tuations. He said the funds to accomplish
this could come from the resources bank he
proposed, from government contributions
or from export taxes.
Associated Press
AUSTIN — Jimmy Carter will win the
Democratic presidential nomination and
arry Texas in November even if the Re-
wblican ticket includes John Connally,
Gov. Dolph Briscoe says.
Briscoe said he would campaign en
thusiastically for Carter.
In a wide-ranging, hour-long news con
ference Wednesday, Briscoe was asked if
he would stand by his prediction of a Carter
victory in Texas if Connally is the Republi
can nominee for vice-president.
“Gov. Carter will carry Texas regardless
ofwho is nominated by the Republicans for
president or vice-president,” Briscoe said.
Briscoe also said:
V He favors retaining the presidential
primary in Texas after seeing the results of
Saturday’s experiment with it.
'f School teachers, who already are
pushing for major pay increases, should not
receive larger raises than state employes.
Briscoe said he is thinking in terms of in
creases that would merely equal rises in the
cost of living.
V He has conferred with Arkansas Gov.
David Pryor about “some kind of arrange
ment, some kind of trade whereby we
could receive surplus water from Arkan
Out-of-state water will be necessary to
maintain crop production in the Texas
High Plains, and the farmers are the ones
who should pay for it, Briscoe said.
A possibility would be for the users to
finance reservoir construction in Arkansas,
he said — “It (the terms) would have to be
something of mutual benefit. ”
Texas’ presidential primary law, passed
last year to benefit Sen. Lloyd Bentsen’s
short-lived campaign for the White House,
was a one-shot proposition and expired
with Saturday’s election.
“The idea of a presidential primary has
proven itself to be very good,” Briscoe said.
He indicated his recommendations for a
law setting up future primaries would de
pend on a study being made of other states’
laws by Secretary of State Mark White.
Briscoe said he liked the present law’s
“winner take all” feature that, in effect,
(See BRISCOE, Page 6.)
Venezuela may raise exports
Associated Press
CARACAS, Venezuela —
Venezuela, South America’s
largest oil producer, may be wil
ling to step up its exports to help
the United States fill up its prop
osed 150-million-barrel stock
pile. But not at bargain prices.
“If the United States wishes to
accumulate petroleum, we also
can decide to accumulate
money,” said Hernan Anzola,
Venezuela’s deputy minister of
mines and hydrocarbons, in an
interview with The Associated
“We are willing to discuss a
possible sale of oil — in addition
to our normal exports — with the
United States. But we are defi
nitely not going to give any price
Anzola did not indicate how
much additional oil coidd be av
ailable. And he said his govern
ment has received no official
word from the United States re
garding special purchases of oil.
U.S. Energy Administrator
Frank Zarb recently unveiled a
plan to establish a strategic oil re
serve of 150 million barrels of
imported crude in three years to
cushion the effect of any future
embargo by members of the Or
ganization of Petroleum Export
ing Countries.
Zarb said he was convinced
that there is a disturbingly great
chance the United States will be
the target of another embargo
similar to the one imposed by the
Arab oil producers during 1973-
Venezuela, the biggest foreign
supplier of oil to the United
States, did not participate in the
embargo. But it adheres firmly to
the price levels set by OPEC.
The country’s oil industry
earned approximately $8.4 bill
ion in 1974 and $7.5 billion in
1975, when U.S. companies ran
most of it. The industry was
nationalized on Jan. .1, and offi
cials estimate that income should
total about $6.5 billion this year.
Zarb’s plan provides for ap
proximately 60 million barrels in
storage by the end of next year
and the remaining 90 million by
the end of 1978.
The Venezuelan government
plans to hold the country’s oil
production down to approxi
mately 2.2 million barrels a day
this year. Daily exports are esti
mated at about 2 million barrels
of crude and refined products a
day, with approximately 1.1 mill
ion barrels going to the Eastern
seaboard of the United States.
“We recognize that the United
States is the principal market for
our petroleum, and we plan to
keep it that way,” said Anzola.
“But we also are interested in di
versifying our markets.”
A recent report from the minis
try of mines and hydrocarbons
indicated that Venezuela’s crude
and refined oil products sold for
an average of $10.97 a barrel in
the first quarter of 1976, a nine-
cent increase over the preceed-
ing quarter.
Anzola indicated that his gov
ernment will seek an increase in
oil prices, to offset recent infla
tion, at the OPEC conference
opening in Bali May 27.
He said it would be difficult at
this point to say how large the
increase should be. But he indi
cated that the cartel’s biggest
producer, Saudi Arabia, appears
willing to go along with a 5 per
cent hike. He would not say
whether that would satisfy his.
Last October, the 13-nation
cartel, the source of more than 8
per cent of the non-Communist
world’s oil imports, increased its
base price 10 per cent to $11.51 a
barrel. But such technical factors
as adjustments for various qual
ities of oil and freight differentials
kept the rise below 10 per cent on
many grades.
“We would be willing to
stabilize oil prices providing the
industrialized countries stabilize
inflation,” Anzola said.
Chile may free group
during Simons visit
Associated Press
As many as 60 political prisoners may be
released by the Chilean government, coin
ciding with the visit there tomorrow by
Treasury Secretary William E. Simon,
U.S. government sources have disclosed.
The sources said the exact number isn’t
known for certain here, but they said the
"— "S
Part of the history of Brazos County
is given by a long-time resident.
Page 4.
The Democratic and Republican
parties in this county prepare
their convenfions. Page 5.
New bike regulations and fees are
to be considered by the Traffic
Panel. Page 5.
The Dean of Admissions explains
A&M’s image and its effects on
prospective students. Page 7.
The women’s rugby team completes
a successful season. Page 8.
People in the news. Page 4.
Classifieds. Page 4.
Bulletin board. Page 6.
government of President Augusto Pinochet
has agreed to release a group of prisoners as
one condition for the Simon visit.
Chile’s ruling military junta announced
last night that three top political prisoners
had been freed. Sources in Santiago said
the releases were connected with Simon’s
The prisoners were released Tuesday.
The Interior Ministry identified them as
Pedro Felipe Ramirez, former minister of
mining and a son-in-law of Rodomiro To-
mic, a former ambassador to the United
States and candidate for the presidency in
1970; Sergio Vuscovic Rojo, former Com
munist mayor of Valparaiso, Chile’s major
port and second largest city; and Andres
Sepulveda Carmona, former Socialist con
There are estimates that more than 4,000
political prisoners are held in Chilean jails,
including 500-600 held without being
Release of even a small number of pris
oners could open the way for some new
U.S. financial assistance to the economi
cally beleaguered government, according
to one source, although he said it was un
likely any assistance would be announced
(See CHILE, Page 6.)
Victim says rape painful;
officer was understanding
Editor’s note: This is the second and
final part of a series on several assaults
and a rape at Texas A&M. This article
includes precautionary measures and tips
for self-protection.
A Texas A&M University student went
through a traumatic experience that could
affect her for the rest of her life. She was
“It’s not a few chosen girls that this hap
pens to. It can happen to anybody under
any circumstances,” she said.
Her first reaction was definitely not to
call the police, she said. All she wanted to
do was “crawl into a hole.”
After her initial reaction, the student did
call the University Police. She was very
jumpy about having the police there, she
said, because television dramas portray
policemen as cold and insensitive towards
rape victims. However, she explained,
“The officer that handled my case was re
ally sensitive about what had happened to
me. He was interested in keeping me
calm. ”
For future rape victims, this student ad
vised, “Tell all or don’t say anything. If you
tell one thing, eventually you’ll have to tell
it all, and lies are out.”
She never thought that it would happen
to her. “It makes you aware of the situa
tions you’re in,” she said. “It makes you
V feel that you’ve got to be very careful about
who you put your trust in. You have no
little blessing in your head that says it’s not
going to happen to you.”
Sgt. Schneider, assistant special inves
tigator for the University Police, said that
rape can occur at any time.
Schneider said, “Rape is one of the most
frequently committed violent crimes in
America today.” Yet, 90 per cent of all
rapes are not reported, he said.
He advises that when a woman thinks
the man is just after her purse, just let it go.
“A human life is more important than a
purse,” he said. However, if a woman
thinks she is about to be raped, he said,
“The most important thing is not to panic.
You’re going to lose control of the situation
if you do.”
The first thing to do, Schneider said, is to
try and get out of the situation by running
or screaming. He advised yelling “fire” to
get more attention. Next, he advises the
woman to try and talk her way out of it.
However, if she can’t get out of the situa
tion and she’s in fear of her life, Schneider
said to do anything she possibly can.
Schneider said that a woman usually has
more potential weapons than she realizes.
For instance, an umbrella, keys, a nail file,
or a brittle hair brush can serve as weapons.
“If you’re going to defend yourself with an
object, make sure you have a firm hold on
it,” he said.
“Don’t put yourself in an isolated posi-
Staff photo by Kevin Venner
tion that offers a rapist an opportunity, ” he
If a woman is raped, the first thing she
needs to do is call the police, Schneider
said. Second, leave everything the way it
was, including herself and her surround
ings. It’s very difficult to obtain evidence if
the victim has disturbed everything.
For rape victims, there is a rape crisis
counseling service sponsored by the Brazos
Valley Mental Health Center. It has a hot
line open 24 hours a day. Their number is
822-7326. Also, The University Personal
Counseling Service is open 24 hours a day.
From 5 p.m. to 8 a.m. is reserved for
emergencies only. The number is 845-
Avoid assault ^
by being safe
Self-protection is the best protection an
individual has, according to a pamphlet on
safety from the office of student affairs.
The booklet suggests that when moving
to a new house or apartment, replace the
old lock.
If living alone, don’t advertise. Put sev
eral names on your mailbox or door.
Keep doors and windows locked.
(What’s the use in having locks if you don’t
use them?)
A&M Police Chief O.L. Luther said last
week that not dressing properly “some
times encourages actions that may not have
happened otherwise.”
Fear of personal vindictiveness and pure
humiliation are two reasons why women
fail to report assault or rape, says Toby
Rives, associate director of student affairs.
Another factor in discouraging reports.
Rives said, is that many women fear they
will “not be believed that it’s something
they didn’t invite.”
She said jogging is one of the prevalent
activities in which assaults occur. That
may be because they usually wear shorts,
which could possibly attract an attacker.
Luther said last week that he felt certain
a number of assaults or offenses have occur
red at A&M but haven’t been reported.
He said a victim of assault should be
“observant of clothing, rings or watches,
etc., which might better identify the at-
tacker” to police.