The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, July 06, 1961, Image 1

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.in Cciy
il Sepia
The Battalion
Number 125
YMCA Staff
J. Gordon Gay, coordinator of religious life A&M, is shown with secretaries, Mrs. Gerry
and general secretary of the YMCA, Texas L. Stevens, left and Mrs. Nina Foster, right.
Quarter Horses Bring Top
Money at First Short Course
A sale of seven lots of Quarter
Horses auctioned for an average
of $1,150 and a top single price of
$1,725 at the first annual Horse
Management and Training Short
Course June 30-July 1 at Texas
The animals, which were owned
lay the college, consisted of two
mares with foals, one bi’ed mare,
three fillies and one yearling stal
The $1,725 price was paid by
Dr. A. H. Burkhalter of Pasadena,
Texas, for a mare and foal, Good-
son's Ida Red, -8338.
Ike Dahlberg, animal husbandry
professor at Texas A&M and pro
gram chairman, said a sale will be
held again during next year’s short
course June 29-30. The college’s
Animal Husbandry Department
limits its Quarter Horse herd to a
certain number, and only excess
inimals will be sold.
He said the short course was
started because of Texas’ rapidly
expanding saddle horse industry.
The expansion has been especially
evident in Quarter Horses.
Sponsors are the A&M Depart
ment of Animal Husbandry, the
School of Veterinary Medicine,
N the American Quarter Horse
Association. Talks and panel dis
cussions, which were heard by ap
proximately 500 persons, covered
such topics as breeding, feeding,
health, breaking and training, con-
tormation and a report on the new
*-H Horse Program in Texas.
: The 4-H Horse Program attrac
ted much attention among short
fourse members, Dahlberg said.
«• W. Snyder, Texas Agricultural
Extension Service; Bob Gray, pub
lisher of the Texas Horseman mag-
| hzine; and Billy Steele, Harris
County assistant agricultural agent
"ere discussion leaders.
The speakers described how the
^ Roy Gibson, Jr.
^ ins Socony Mobil
Oil Scholarship
Hoy Bundy Gibson, Jr., geophys-
,Cs student at Texas A&M, has
taun awarded a Socony Mobile Oil
Company scholarship for the 1961-
school year. The scholarship
provides $400 for the school and
*100 plus tuition and fees for the
Et udent.
|| Purpose of the scholarship is to
Courage, assist and recognize stu
dents in fields of study directly al-
“ e( l to the petroleum industry,
‘rimary considerations is award-
n ? the scholarships are academic
^nding, leadership, character and
rincerity of purpose.
Gibson is a 1957 graduate of
^ a rt High School, and is currently
i senior at A&M where he was a
distinguished student in 1960.
He plans to begin work this sum-
toer toward his M.S. degree in geo
Houston area’s 4-H horse activi
ties have become the largest in
the state. Dahlberg said plans are
now underway to hold a week-long
4-H horse management school in
1962. No date has yet been set.
One of the outstanding- features
of the short course was a discus
sion of Quarter Horse judging and
selection, which included audience
participation. This offering will
be repeated at the 1962 event.
Leading the discussion and dem
onstrations were H. Calhoun of
Cresson, Texas, American Quarter-
Horse Association approved judge,
and Doug Wythe of the A&M Ani
mal Husbandry Department.
Dahlberg emphasized that the
short course is kept on a practi
cal basis and is directed toward
all saddle horse owners. He said
he will welcome any comments or
requests for particular subjects in
future short courses.
Much discussion time was spent
on lamenesses. Dr. W. C. Banks
of the A&M School of Veterinary
Medicine outlined the value of
radiographs and said such equip
ment is used to determine the na
ture and extensiveness of deep
damage. It reveals damage that
would not otherwise be visible.
He said the radiograph is help
ful in . finding imbedded foreign
objects in a horse’s leg. The tech
nique also will reveal the presence
of tumors, fractures and such me
tabolic ailments as rickets.
Dr. B. M. Cooley, also of the
School of Veterinary Medicine,
talked on common diseases of hor
ses, treatment, sanitation, symp-
tons and immunizatioh.
Snyder also gave pointers on re
straining horses, moving stubborn
horses, and loading in trailers.
Another practical session was
Conducted by Joe Barnett of Som
erville, and John Carter of Bryan,
both horse trainers. They discuss
ed gentling, training to lead, sad
dling and first riding, proper use
of hackamores and bits, and the
training of cutting horses.
Dallas Man Recreates Spirit
Of Edison in Home Workshop
By The Associated Press
The spirit of Thomas Edison
and the pioneers of radio live again
in a cluttered workshop behind a
sea of broken-down washing ma
chines at the Clarence Johnson
Some of the cherished objects
are cylinder rolls for the first Edi
son phonographs, do-it-yourself
radio kits, an inside antennae
which looks like a wire coil that
exploded, and dozen of ancient
Johnson, 42, a station installer
with Southwestern Bell Telephone
Co., spends his spare time chas
ing down leads on locations of an
cient phonographs and radios, and
repairing and finishing them un
til they operate and look like new.
The hobby costs money, and
Johnson picks up extra cash by
repairing washing machines. The
machines between his home and
shop are either there to Be fixed
or to be torn up for their parts.
The old phonographs and radio
sets are not for sale. Occasionally
Johnson will swap one item for
another to improve the quality of
his collection.
“A good many of my old radio
sets were given to me by friends,”
he said. “They just cleared out
the attic or barn and gave them to
He added that “tubes for these
sets are not made any more and
are hard to find. Fortunately I
have managed to get tubes for
nearly all my sets and keep them
in working order.”
One of the oldest pieces is an
original Edison phonograph pro
duced sometime around 1915. The
machine is in good working order,
and Johnson has a collection of
38 cylinders for the instrument
that grinds out music at 160 revo
lutions per minute. That is 10
times as fast as some modern re
cording machines.
Johnson also has a large collec
tion of thick, original Edison phon
ograph discs that play at a speed
of 80 r.p.m. The oldest record in
this group was issued in 1916. The
title is “Romance,” a violin solo
by Arthur Walsh. The flip side
is a flut solo, “Mid the Odor of
Roses,” by Harold L. Lyman. The
record jacket, in a burst of sales
manship, notes that the song was
composed by a prince of . Sweden.
One of his early radios sits on
tripod legs and is wrapped in cop
per wire. It is called a Bear Cat
No. 4 Crystal Receiver, and was
built around 1915 by the Bear
Radio Go. of New York. It still
works. Four persons can hear at
the same time with headphones.
A do-it-yourself radio kit dating
back 40 years was a challenge to
radio engineers of that day. One
of the features of the set are peep
holes so the operator can deter
mine whether the tubes are glow
An indoor antennae, called the
“Williams Air loop,” is a tall frame
around which wire has been rig
ged. It was designed for apart
ment use when antennaes were a
“must” for the sets of the day.
All the really old radio sets are
battery operated. The phono
graphs are hand-wound except for
an old RCA model which was one
of the first to use household cur
Johnson has a collection of more
than 6,000 seventy-eight r.p.m. rec
ords, some very old and some new.
Recently he traded a rebuilt
washing machine for a 78 r.p.m.
juke box, a real oldster.
Launched July 25
YMCA Keeps
Busy All Time
Twelve months each year, 24
hours a day—always open and do
ing business—that’s the YMCA at
Texas A&M.
Housed on the first floor of the
three-story YMCA building, in the
center of the campus, the “Y,”
throughout the years, has been a
home away from home for stu
dents and visitors alike.
The YMCA is directed by J. Gor
don Gay, coordinator of religious
life and general secretary. He is
dean (35 years) in point of con
tinuous service of student YMCA
work in the United States.
The workings and the very at
mosphere of the YMCA at A&M is
as genuinely in the democratic tra
ditions as it is possible to make it.
The programs provide for the
young men of many lands and
many varied beliefs ample oppor
tunity for regular religious activi
Under the Christian hand of Mr.
Gay, student-led Bible study groups
meet once Or twice weekly in the
A block north of the YMCA is
the All-Faiths chapel, open at all
times for prayer and meditation.
Through its weekly programs
and various activities, the “Y”
stresses Christian leadership by
having as many of its responsibili
ties student-led as possible. It
brings in outside leaders in the
Forums on Men-and-Women Rela
tions, the Christian marriage and
the Christian home and other pro
The YMCA promotes good Chris
tian fellowship and inspiration
through exchange programs with
other colleges. It encourages and
promotes student participation in
regional and sectional conferences.
Many students choose full-time
Christian work as a result of con
tacts made at these conferences.
Student chaplains assist the stu
dents in many ways.
Each year the YMCA conducts
a freshman camp near Palestine.
Last year 205 freshmen attended
the camp. It gives the incoming
freshman an opportunity to gain
first-hand information about life
at A&M, that he may experience
a well-rounded introduction to col
lege life.
Students have prayer before
their gatherings and there is a
Faculty Christian Fellowship which
has monthly meetings of an in
spirational nature—all under the
direction of the YMCA offices.
Active in promoting religious
life on the campus, the “Y” is
headquarters for the Interfaith
Council, composed of students from
each church group. They assist in
promoting Religious Emphasis
Week each year — one of the high
points of the yearly campus pro
gram. The annual observance of
Student World Day of Prayer is
another activity, under the gqid-
ance of the YMCA.
The man directing these and
many other programs, has served
this Christian work for 35 years.
He became interested in religious
work while a student at the Uni
versity of Alabama. Upon comple
tion of his training at Vanderbilt
University and the YMCA Gradu
ate School, Nashville, Tenn., in
1926, he went to SMU as YMCA
secretary and director of religious
In 1928 he came to A&M as as
sociate secretary of the YMCA and
in 1952 became general secretary
and in 1957 was named coordinator
of religious life and general secre
Recently Mr. and Mrs. Gay were
guests of former A&M students on
a tour of the Holy Land.
A typical memorandum of Mr.
Gay to military units and civilian
councils at A&M, goes like this:
“Thanksgiving is over, and before
we know it, Christmas will be here.
So, now is the time for your organi
zation to make plans to help some
of the needy and underprivileged
children of College Station and
Bryan.” The memorandum outlines
the manner in which the work is to
be performed.
—and so it goes, day in and day
out, year in and year out—with
the YMCA at Texas A&M College.
Mestanza To Serve
On Experiment
Station Staff
Dr. Walter F. Mestanza, D.V.M.,
who has been an assistant profes
sor in the Department of Veteri
nary Pathology at Texas A&M
since September, 1960, will serve
also on the staff of the Radiation
Biology Laboratory of the Texas
Engineering Experiment Station
beginning July 1 as veterinary pa
thologist. The announcement was
made by Dr. Sidney O. Brown, head
of the Radiation Biology Labora
A native of Peru, Dr. Mestanza
received his B.S. and D.V.M. de
grees in 1951 from Universidad Na-
cional de San Marcos in Lima and
his M.S. degree in 1958 from Vir
ginia Polytechnic Institute.
4,232 People Visit
Campus During
June Says Downs
A total of 4,232 visitors were on
the Campus of Texas A&M during
the month of June 1961 P. L.
Downs Jr., official greeter of the
College announced today.
They were attending short
courses, conferences, class re
unions, and other scheduled meet
ings. The College had 720,748 visi
tors on the Campus for scheduled
meetings and activities during the
twelve year and one month period
from June 1, 1949 to July 1, 1961.
There were thirteen different
groups on the Campus during the
month of June.
S e If-An a lys is Need
Will Be Discussed
An extensive self-evaluation by the faculty and staff
of Texas A&M will be officially launched July 25 with a one-
day symposium with three nationally known educators high
lighting the event.
Known as the Faculty-Staff Conference on Aspirations,
the symposium will hear Dr. Eric A. Walker, president of
Pennsylvania State University, Dr. Daniel Aldrich, dean of
agriculture—statewide, University of California, and Dr.
Paul Miller, provost and vice president, Michigan State Uni
versity, discuss the need for critical self-analysis in light of
the challenges higher education must face within the next
15 years.
Purposes of the symposium,♦
according to Dr. Wayne C.
Hall, dean of graduate studies
and general chairman for the
event, are to orient the gen
eral faculty and staff as to the
goals and objectives of the study,
and to stimulate the faculty and
staff to consider the great issues
which will confront Texas A&M
College during the next 15 years'
“This is the first general meet
ing of the faculty-staff study
groups which will scrutinize the
various operations of the College,”
Dr. Hall said. He added that the
symposium is open to every mem
ber of the faculty and staff.
“These three key speakers are
men of exceptional ability, and each
has recently gone through a period
of self-study on their respective
campuses. Becausp of this, I’m
confident they will contribute ma
terially to the symposium,” Dr.
Hall stated.
President Walker will summarize
the highlights of the Penn State
study and project future needs as
he sees them in instruction, physi
cal sciences and engineering. Dean
Aldrich will stress research, agri
culture, and the life sciences against
the background of the University
of California study. Dr. Miller will
outline briefly the benefits of the
Michigan study and will emphasize
future needs in extension, off-
campus activities, and services.
The morning session of the
symposium will be held in the MSG
Ballroom with Dr. Hall presiding.
Texas A&M President Earl Rud
der will open the meeting with a
welcoming address and a state
ment of purposes. The keynote
addresses will follow, each to be
ended with a brief question-answer
The afternoon sessions will be
devoted to discussions of specific
topics. Those interested in resident
instruction and student life will
meet in the MSG Ballroom with Dr.
G. M. Watkins, director of agricul
tural instruction, as general chair-
125 Firms Own
Most of Nation’s
Gas Pipelines
DALLAS—The nation has more
than 600,000 miles of natural gas
pipelines in operation, the Dallas
Federal Reserve Bank reported re
cently. A total of 125 firms oper
ate the intricate network.
The bank credits the network
with preserving all but about 5 per
cent of the natural gas in the na
tion. This contrasts with Venezuela
and the Middle East, which lose
two-third of the natural gas they
produce, mostly in connection with
oil production.
The bank reports that marketed
production of natural gas in the
nation doubled between 1950 and
1959, with interstate shipments ac
counting for an increasingly larger
portion of all gas sold.
These interstate sales moved
from 40 per cent in 1950 to 60 per
cent in 1959.
About 80 per cent of the ga$
shipped between states originated
in the Dallas bank’s Southwest Re
gion, with Texas now providing al
most one-half the national total of
Over the past 10 yeai’s, the most
significant rates of increase in in
terstate shipments from the South
west have occurred in New Mexico
and Louisiana.
While Texas’ exports accounted
for 50 per cent of the Southwest
total in 1959, this was a decline
from 66 per cent in 1950.
On the other hand, Louisiana’s
portion of total shipments rose
from one-fifth in 1950 to nearly
one-third in 1959. Some of this in
crease came from the prolific off
shore wells.
All expansion of interstate fa
cilities since Feb. 7, 1942 has been
required to have Federal Power
Commission authorization.
A&M Physicists Are Able
To Scan Ultraviolent Region
Texas A&M physicists are peek
ing into the far ultraviolet region
now that they have a new vacuum
The optial apparatus, which cost
$36,400, was purchased by the
Physics Division of the Air Force
Office of Scientific Research. It
will be used to further the research
of Dr. Jesse B. Coon, A&M phys
ics professor, who is studying
molecular structures.
The spectrometer will enable Dr.
Coon and his graduate students to
obtain much new information on
molecular structure by giving them
the opportunity to investigate the
optical spectra from molecules in
the far untraviolet region.
The far ultraviolet radiation
from the sun does not penetrate
the earth’s blanket of atmosphere.
These radiations, which have short
wavelengths, can travel through
the vacuum of outer space-
Optical parts of the spectrome
ter are operated in a vacuum to
simulate the airless conditions of
outer space.
Dr. Coon said the apparatus de
tects far ultraviolet radiations
from molecules in a vapor state.
The spectrometer records the spec-
timm of a molecule and breaks
down the light or radiation, into
its component wave lengths. A
spectrum is a series of radiant
energies arranged in order of wave
length. For example, a rainbow
gives the spectrum of visible light.
Interpretation of a spectrum
yields information about the be
havior of electrons in molecules.
It gives the electronic structure of
Such information, the scientist
said, contributes to the basic the-
ory of chemical valence, a key
point in the study of chemistry
from the high school level on up.
Knowledge of valences is import
ant to the understanding of mod
ern chemistry.
A special project with A&M’s
new spectrometer is the study of
the spectrum of molecules at liq
uid helium temperature, close to
absolute zero of temperature.
The technique is to deposit the
molecules in solid argon. Argon,
a gas in its natural state, solidi
fies to a transparent solid at ex
tremely low temperatures. This
is a new method of studying the
structure of molecules.
Dr. Coon’s work has received sup
port from the Air Force since
1952. He and his graduate stu
dents have made significant con
tributions to the knowledge of
molecular structures. Nine mas
ter’s theses and seven doctoral dis
sertations have come from the in