The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, March 29, 1951, Image 1

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Q 'e Ce C° 1L X* ' : .'Le»o r0 ; t 3 GOP^- 65 ?. Circnlated to More Than 90% of College Station’s Residents ;n ter The Battalion PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF A GREATER A&M COLLEGE For Student Opinion On Mid-Semester Grades, See Poll, Page Two Number 121: Volume 51 COLLEGE STATION (Aggieland), TEXAS, THURSDAY, MARCH 29, 1951 Price Five Cents Noted Commentator Speaks Tonight at 8 William M. Shirer, for the past twenty-five years regarded by many as one of the most outstand ing foreign affairs experts will address the Great Issues Class and interested visitors tonight at 8 in the MSC Ballroom. Shirer will call on his vast knowledge of Europe, acquired first hand during and since the last world conflict to give a report on “Our Struggle for Survival.” His analysis of the news, heard Attorney Says Spy Suspects Reeeivec Aid New York, March 29—(/P) —The government closed its historic atom spy trial of three persons yesterday, and said they were in league tvith ' other traitors who got away. The defense pleaded false incrim ination and lack of evidence. U. S. Attorney Irving H. Saypol told a federal jury the gang banded together to steal for Russia “the most important scientific secrets ever known to mankind.” He denounced them as commit ting “one of the most serious dimes that could be committed against the United States of Amer ica.” The three defendants in the na tion’s first atom spy trial were Julius Rosenberg, 34, his wife, Ethel, 35, and radar expert Morton Sobell, 33. “The identity of some of the oth- er traitors who sold their country down the river along with Rosen berg and Sobell so far remains un disclosed,” Saypol said as he closed his case. The jury got the case at 3:53 p.m. (CST) Conviction charge carries a maxi mum penalty of death. The defense called the Rosen borgs scapegoats of Mrs. Rosen- borg’s brother and sister-in-law, David and Ruth Greenglass. Greenglass pleaded guilty to stealing top-secret atom bomb data for Russia and is awaiting sen tence. His wife was labeled a co-con spirator but never was prosecuted. Both were star government wit nesses against Rosenberg, whom they said lured Greenglass into the spy network. The Rosenbergs were accused of being members of the Fuchs-Gold spy ring that has been broken up ■piece by piece during the past few rears. Klaus Fuchs, a British atomic icientist, is in prison in England. Harry Gold, a Philadelphia bio- fhemist, is serving an eight to 30- ;ear sentence for taking secret data from Fuchs and Greenglass and passing it on to Russia. over the local Mutual Broadcast ing Company station on Sundays is regarded by most people to be as interesting and interpretative as can be found on, the air lanes. Shirer has written several books bpsed on his experiences during his wartime European visits and his attendance of the Nuremberg trials in Germany in 1945. Best Seller Possibly his most well-known work is the one-time best seller “Berlin Diary.” This was written after research in Germany in the seven years before World War II and covers the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party as it gained power and steamrollered helpless nations into oblivion. His “End of A Berlin Diary” covers the war period, the trials and the infamous “cold war” that Russia clamped on Berlin during 1948 and 1948. He was one of the few' American newsmen to ride the historic Berlin Air Lift. Boat Ride Bom in Chicago in 1904, Shirer attended Coe College at Cedar Rapids, la. When he graduated, he worked his w’ay abroad on a cat tle boat for the summer—and stay ed for the next fifteen years. From 1925 to 1932 he w'as Euro pean Correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and in 1934 became Chief of the Berlin Bureau of the Uni versal News Sendee. He then began his broadcasts from the German capital for the Columbia Broadcast ing System on the uprising taking place in Germany. Peabody Award For his w r ork as a commentator, Shirer was given one of radio’s highest honors, the George Foster Peufoody Award for “outstanding interpretation of the news.” He has also received the famous Wendell Wilkie One World Award for his outstanding achievements in, journalism. Singing Cadets The Singing Cadets, under the direction of Bill Turner, will present a well-rounded program in the Ballroom of the MSC April 8. This program is a part of the 75th Anniversary celebration which is the theme for Arts and Sciences Week. Arts and Sciences Week is sponsored by the School of Arts and Sciences and will begin tomorrow and conclude April 8. Ke lly Pa in tings Presen ted To Harrington For School Yesterday afternoon the first contribution w r as made to the Tex as Art Collection, when H. 0. Kelly, made his contribution of four oil paintings of Texas Scenes to the College. The presentation was made in the MSC wdth Dr. M. T. Harring ton, president of the college, ac cepting the gift from W. D. Wood. Who Said It’s Spring Officials, Place Set for Election Voting officials for the April 3 city election were announced yes terday by Assistant City Secre tary Ran Boswell. L. E. Boze, principal of A&M Consolidated High School, will be in charge of the voting. Other of ficials appointed to assist in the counting of the ballots and to aid Boze in his duties are J. B. Lau- terstein and Mrs. P. W. Bums. Bos well said a fourth person is yet to be named. No absentee ballots had been cast at the City Hall, Boswell said, as the deadline of Friday, March 30 neared. Polling for all three wards of the city will be done at the City Hall on Church Street. No individ ual ward boxes will be used, the secretary added. Hail, Rain, Bring More Wind Cold While the Panhandle section of Texas was having near winter time temperatures and summer dust storms, residents of College Station basked in summer sunshine for a short time yesterday. Then all hail broke loose. Old man weather cut loose with both barrels to produce near golf- ball-sized hailstones that peppered this area for a short while last night. Blinding rain and hail cut vis ibility to a few hundred feet for about ten minutes between 7:30 and 8 p. m. yesterday. The hail made almost a solid layer on the highway between Bryan and College Station. Meanwhile, residents of the up per Panhandle section around Dal- hart and Perryton, brought out those overcoats they had begun to put in mothballs. A two-inch snow fall lay on the ground at Perry- ton and Spearman. Other Panhandle points reported lesser amounts of snow as an un- seasonal cold front pushed its way into Texas. Fair weather and rapidly rising temperatures abounded this morn ing as the front moved southward, leaving sub-freezing temperatures in its wake. A strong wind that was re ported in the early morning hours in College Station roared fur ther East and did considerable damages in the East Texas town of Crockett. The winds which reached almost twister force, uprooted a large oak tree on the high school campus and broke concrete benches as it barely missed hitting the front of the school building. Brownsville and Corpus Christi registered the high temperatures for yesterday with readings in the upper eighties while the Panhandle temperatures were in the lower thirities. From Minneapolis comes the re port that 48 Kansas State rooters who flew 600 miles to witness Tuesday’s playoff with Kentucky satisfied themselves with listening to the game 150 miles from the scene of action. Dense fog prevent ed their landing in Minneapolis. High temperature for this area yesterday was 81 while the low this morning was a chilling 46. Wind velocities at 10 this morning were ranging about 30 miles an hour with gusts reaching 35. The winds should abate this afternoon with slowly rising temperatures for late today and tomorrow. Water Plant Employes Attend Jasper School Twenty water plant operators from nine Texas towns are attend ing the Water Works Operation and Maintenance course at Jasper. Upon completion of the course which began March 19 and contin ues until April 6, operators will be qualified to take licensing examin ations for Certificates of Com petency. These certificates are re quired by state law for all water plant operators. Will Stress Individual Needs Adjunct Freshmen to Get Expert College Counseling By BILL WALLACE High school students who enter the College Adjunct at Junction this summer will receive expert counseling and guidance to pre pare them for their college career, Dr. John R. Bertrand, dean of the College’s Basic Division said. trand explained that the first few college courses may enroll in the days of each term will be devoted first courses in English and alge- to testing the students for apti- bra required by the college. Stu- ture, interests and personality. dents not fully prepared for regu- Joining the freshmen at the ad- lar courses will be offered special junct will be some 63 Geology 300 help in the area of their weak- students the first six-weeks and ness, Dr. Bertrand stated, about 50 Civil Engineering 300S stu- Those who are totally unprepared dents for each of the two six-weeks, will be given courses in English and Dr. Bertrand stressed the fact The maximum number of freshmen mathematics on a preparatory level, classes will be held in small groups, enabling them to receive special attention to their individual needs. The student will know the areas of his strength and weakness, thus he will be able to more intelligently decide upon his course of study in college. The adjunct will be open for two six-weeks terms—June 3-July 14 that will be allowed to enter is 132 the first semester and 180 the second semester. C. H. Ransdell, assistant to Dr. Bertrand, will direct the adjunct. Counseling and remedial reading will be in charge 1 of Bardin N«lson the first semester and Albert King ston the second s mester. Students found by the tests to and July 14-August 25. Dr. Ber- be prepared to (arry on regular while a remedial reading course will be offered for those found de ficient in reading. Only those who have been accept ed for enrollment at A&M are eli gible for study at the adjunct. Total expenses, exclusive of transportation, are estimated at $140 per student for the full six weeks. Wood is the distinct sales man ager for the Lincoln-Mercury Di vision of the Ford Motor Com pany. His company commissioned Kelly to prepare the series to illustrate an article by J. Frank Dobie which ran in the Lincoln- Mercury Times. But the real story isn’t in A&M receiving the paintings, but rather in the painter himself—a 69-year- old “Texas Cowpoke.” Up until four years ago the artist was a rancher, working the range seven days a week. In short Kelly was doing all of the things the Hollywood movie writers would have a cowboy do. Four years ago he retired from the range and settled down in a little cottage in Blanket, Texas. Here he decided to try his hand at oil painting. He took up his new hobby with out the benefit of a single formal art lesson. The only experience, he says, was when he painted a few water colors earlier in his career. With or without lessons the Senators Hurl Bi-Party Blows At Troops Plan Washington, March 29 — UP) — A Southern Democrat and a mid-western Republican today heatedly assailed the Senate’s troop s-to-Europe resolutions, but for totally differ ent reasons. The resolutions would approve administration plans to send four more divisions to Europe to join the two already assigned to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s North Atlantic Army and call on Pres ident Truman to consult Congress before committing any more ground troops. Senator Hill (D-Ala) viewed the resolutions as invading the area of presidential authority and subject ing “the whole enterprise of send ing troops to Europe to the haz- a r d s of parliamentary guerilla fighting.” He said they were a triumph for “Isolationists” who always have fought full American participation in world affairs. Senator Bricker (R-Ohio), on the other hand, called the resolutions of “fraud and a hoax.” They are the result, he added, “of the most diabolically clever planning in my memory.” “Because the pending resolutions merely express advisory opinions, their approval would be tanta mount to an admission that the President has the sole power to determine whether or not troops shall be sent, how many, and under what conditions,” he declared. The two lawmakers set out their opposing positions in speeches pre pared for Senate delivery. Bricker is joining with Senator Cordon (R-Ore) in a motion to send the two resolutions back to the combined Senate Foreign Re lations and Armed Services Com mittees with instructions to tele scope them into a single measure which would require President Tru man’s signature and have the force of law. Democrats and Republicans alike agreed the Bricker-Cordon move offered a major challenge to the administration of the controversial troops issue. Texas Art critics were fascinated by his style. In 1949 he was asked to give a “one man show” in the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. The big city critics fell in love with his work and most of them could only walk away saying “remark able.” R. Henderson Shuffler, direc tor of the department of infor mation and publications, served as master of ceremonies and dur ing the past several months has served as one of the principles in getting the art down to the college. In introducing Kelly, Shuffler said, it was men like Kelly that proved the picture drawn by the pulp magazine writer’s and movie writers to be wrong. He went on to tell how the cow boys on the range would sing both folk songs and make up new songs. “Some of those old boys,” Shuffler- said,” could sit there and reel off poetry by the yards.” This brought him around to the painting and Kelly. After accepting the paintings Dr. Harrington, went on to say the “cow men” and the A&M College have had a similar life. Both have been inclined to get the job done first then worry about the refine ments. “Now,” Dr. Harrington said, “we have a living room (the MSC) and MSC Election Run-Off Held in Dorms Tonight The run off election for mem- bers-at-large positions to the MSC Council will be held tonight in the dormitories. Candidates in the election in the general classification are Robert “Buddy” Shaeffer, Tom A. Mun- nerlyn, and Ted M. Stephens. The freshman or sophomore caifdidates are John Crawford Akard, Thom as H. Parish, and J. S. Brown. The provisions for the election are that one candidate be elected from each of two classes, a gen- eral class and a freshman and soph omore class. One Semester Left A candidate in the general class must have at least one semester remaining in college and be a mem ber of the MSC. In the freshman and sophomore class the candidate must not have Korea Peace Talk Offer Turned Down Tokyo, March 29 — UP) — Com munist China today spurned Gen eral MacArthur’s offer to talk peace in Korea. Her troops backed up the rejec tion with stiff defensive stands in the low hills and passes just south of the Red Korean border along the western and central fronts. Signs mounted that the Chinese were massing for a spring offen sive timed to strike when seasonal rains have mired allied heavy weap ons. A Chinese broadcast heard in Tokyo called MacArthur’s peace talk bid of last Saturday imper tinent, insulting and “worth only a single laugh.” It said “the entire Chinese peo ple will . . . fight unrelentingly until the aggressor is completely driven from Korea.” The Chinese Thursday fought their stiffest action in weeks north of Munsan on the western front. Firing from dug in positions about four miles south of the border, they all but stopped the allied ad vance in the west. Filipino troops made small gains in one sector. Reds Toss Grenades Grenade-tossing Reds drove American infantrymen off a 1,000 foot crest north of Uijongbu dur ing the night. But they withdrew mysteriously to another hill and the Americans reoccupied the crest at dawn without a fight. In central Korea, a strong Red stand repulsed American patrols on a seven-mile wide front. The Com munists were fighting half way between the border and Chunchon, which is eight miles south of 38. On the eastern front, South Ko reans roamed six miles into the Ag-ExPromoted To Lt. General It’s a well-known fact that Ag gies are among the highest-ranking men in the service of the United we can begin to start assembling States. A recent announcement in some of the finer things of live. Senior Rings Now Being Handed Out Senior rings are in and are be ing delivered at the ring window in the registrars office from 8 until 12 every morning. For men who failed to make oi’- der for the shipment which has just come in, another order will be sent off Saturday morning. This order will be in in time for the Senior Ring Dance May 19. the Anny-Navy-Air Force Journal merely corroborates this statement. Major General Otto P. Weyland, class of 1923, has been nominated by the President to the Senate for promotion to the three-star rank of Lieutenant General. General Weyland entered mili tary sendee immediately after graduation. He attended the Air Service Primary Flying School where he received his pilots wings in 1924. The Deputy Commanding Gene ral, Far Eastern Air Force, Japan, last visited A&M on Military Day in. 1949. Redlands. But that sector was re garded as relatively unimportant militarily since the bulk of the Communist forces were on the western and central fronts. MacArthur’s Thursday com munique said “the pattern of ve hicular movement in enemy areas indicates a continued effort to sup port a strong concentration behind the central front.” This could be the buildup for a spring drive or a border stand. But rumors of a “big deal” spread quickly along the fr-ont when it became known that Lt. Gen. Mat thew B. Ridgway, commander of the U. S. Eighth Army, had con ferred separately and secretly Wednesday with his corps com manders. And with U. S. Ambas sador John J. Muccio. Eighth Army sources said, how ever, that the meetings were not related and had no political signi ficance. Blast Communication Points Rear Adm. Allan E. Smith, com mander of the United Nations sea blockade and escort force, told a news conference that allied ward ships had blasted three Red com munications centers on the east coast into ghost towns. They were the ports of Wonsan, Songjin and Chongjin., Wonsan was shelled for 41 straight days and Songjin for 21. U. S. B-29s for the second con secutive day bombed airfields near- Pyongyang, Red Korean capital, and Hamnung, east coast supply base. The superfor-ts met some anti-aircraft fire over Pyongyang. A single B-29 bombed a 2,300- foot, 28-span railroad bridge at Sinuiju in northwest Korea. The B-29 crew r-eported excellent re sults. Enemy fighters made a light attack on the plane. “Provocative ... Insulting” The Chinese broadcast rejecting MacArthur’s peace talk bid called the offer “provocative” and “insult ing to the people of Korea and China.” The Communists twisted MacAr thur’s meaning by saying “the United States and Britain are pre paring to directly invade China.” MacArthur, in offering to talk peace with the Communist com mander in Korea, had warned that China was ill-equipped for an all- out war and would face military disaster if the United Nations should carry the Korean war to China’s shores. The Peiping broadcast spoke of the entire Chinese people as com mitted to “a sacred struggle for the defense of their state.” Pre viously, Red broadcasts said Chi nese troops fighting in Korea were volunteers. had more than four semesters of college and must also be a member of the MSC. Every student becomes a member of the MSC upon paying his fees, and each candidate must have a grade point ratio of one point ze ro. The preferential ballot will be used in the election and also for, the first time on the campus. Pref erential ballot procedure is as fol lows: Place Candidates Voters mark the candidates num ber one, two, three, according to their choice. In counting, the bal lots are placed in stacks according to first choice, with a stack for each candidate. The ballots of the candidate who receives the least number of votes are then redis tributed among the other ballots according to their second choice, and so on until one candidate has a majority. Double Elections The effect is the same as if there were one election and then another election for a runoff, but it is much less trouble. This method, if prov ed feasible, may be used in other campus elections. Ballots will be placed on doors in the dormitories by 10 p.m. and day students and persons living in the college housing areas may use the ballot on page three of today’s Battalion. Wets Demonstrate During Prohibition Committee Meet Austin, March 29—(A>)—The pro hibition amendments died in a com mittee yesterday. “We aren’t discouraged,” the prohibitionists said. “We’ve started a fire. And we’re going to keep punching t^at fire and spread it to all the forks of the creek,” said the Rev. Sam Mor ris of San Antonio. “I’ll get it in another committee,” said Rep. Milton Wilkinson of Patroon, author of the proposed amendment calling for a statewide prohibition election in 1952. While some 2,000 persons listen ed in silence, the House Consti tutional Amendments Committee voted 15-5 to send the measure back to the House with the recom mendation that it do not pass. Surprise Move The gallery of 1,000 was the sur prise. The Drys had talked of their march on the capitol. But up in the gallery nearly every man and woman wore a huge white sign on their shoulder saying: “I am against prohibition.” It was the Wets’ march. They started gathering in the gallery two hours before the hearing. An hour before the start they all pull ed out cards like a picture card section at a football game at some prearranged signal. The Drys sat on the House floor, where the committee met at a table in the center of the chamber. The Drys wore placards, too. They simply proclaimed “WCTU.” “You can quote me on saying that we wonder how much money those people got paid to wear those anti-prohibitionist cards,” Mrs. Charles Jensen of Austin, a mem ber of the WCTU, said. “But this unreasonable, undemo cratic act of a hostile legislative committee is only a temporary ob stacle in our progress.” One of the men wearing an anti- prohibitionist card said he was C. L. Clark of Houston. “They didn’t catch us asleep this time,” he fold reporters. The committee listened to more than three hours of testimony for and against the amendment. Great Host The prohibitionists, led by the Reverend Morris, asked for a chance to let the “great host of democratic, Christian citizens of Texas exercise their privilege of voting in a statewide prohibition election.” They presented 17 witnesses, in cluding seven ministers. One of the Dry witnesses was the captain of the Baylor Univer sity football team, Frank Bodystun, who said: “Whether prohibition will help solve the liquor problem, I don’t know, but it certainly isn’t being solved now.” The Wets presented a minister too. He was the Rev. James McClain, rector of an Episcopal church in living who emphasized that he was speaking only as an individual. Original Dr. I. Q. He was introduced as the original Dr. I. Q., radio personality. The Rev. McLain said prohibi tion is part of a religious convic tion and should not be a part of legislation, and he added: “There aren’t enough racketeers and bootleggers in Texas to carry on the business the prohibition will bring.” Walter Green, a former member of the San Angelo police force, testified that more women went to drinking during prohibition than at any other time. Before the committee killed the bill, they adopted an amendment by Rep. A. J. Vale of Rio Grande City specifying that prohibition would be ineffective until the legislature voted g new tax to replace the revenue that legalized sale of liquor now brings in. Cotton Queen To be Selected This Weekend The Queen of the 1951 Cot ton Pageant and Ball will be selected by the Cotton Court during their visit to TSCW Saturday and Sunday. The group will leave for Tessie- land Saturday at 8 a. m., stopping enroute at Sanger Bros, in Dallas where they will make further ar rangements for the annual event on May 4. The, group will arrive in Denton about 4 p. m. Saturday afternoon. That night the court will attend a dance during which they will make their initial choices for the Queen and her attendance. Final selection of the Queen will be made Sunday morning. King Cotton Raymond Kunze, Robert Hill, George Gilbert McBee, Billy Gunter, Tommie Duffie, are court members making the trip. Don Hegi, Bill Lewis, Anton Bockholt, and Dale Fischgrabe, other courtiers, will also comprise the party. Eli Whitley, faculty sponsor of the event, and Mrs. Bill Turner, director of the pageant, will also accompany the selection group. West Answer To Red Agenda Expected Soon Paris, March 29—UP)—The Western powers are expected to reply today to Russia’s new and apparently conciliatory proposal for discussion of top ics at a meeting of the big four foreign ministers. The westerners will answer a new wording, submitted yesterday by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, of the two major issues over which the deputies have disagreed—demilitarization of Ger many and big four arms reduction. The western deputies—from the United States, Britain and France —met this morning at the French foreign ministry to discuss the So viet Union’s new proposal. In it Russia dropped her pre vious demands that German demil itarization be considered as a sep arate subject, as well as her ear lier insistence on the Potsdam agreement of 1945 as the basis for the East-West discussions. Russia also agreed for the first time to include “the level of arma ments” of the U. S., Russia, Brit ain and France on the agenda—« topic the West sought—but at the same time continued to demand discussion of arms reduction by the big four. On its face, the new Soviet pro posal seemed to represent an effort to bridge the gap that has separat ed the foreign ministers’ deputies all through the 19 sessions of their meeting here. Western spokesmen commented that although Gromyko's new draft justified further discussion, much work would be needed to establish complete agreement.