The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, September 19, 1940, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Page 2 The Battalion STUDENT TRI-WEEKLY NEWSPAPER TEXAS A. & M. COLLEGE The Battalion, official newspaper of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas and the city of College Station, is published three times weekly from September to June, issued Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday mornings; also it is published weekly from June through August. Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at College Station, Texas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. Subscription rate, $8 a school year. Advertising rates upon request. Represented nationally by National Advertising Service, Inc., at New York City, Chicago, Boston, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. Office, Room 122, Administration Building. Telephone 4-5444. Bob Nisbet Editor-in-Chief (Keith Hubbard Advertising Manager George Fuermann Associate Editor Hub Johnson Sports Editor Bob Myers.. Senior Sports Assistant Tommy Henderson : Circulation Manager Phil Golman Staff Photographer Pete Tumlinson Staff Artist Earle A. Shields Managing Editor Billy Clarkson Managing Editor Editor’s Note: Staff organization will be completed after the first staff meeting, and the masthead will carry the complete staff as soon thereafter as is possible. College Station GIVING BIRTH TO a city is no painless task. The problems which a newly organized city government is faced with appear to be almost insurmountable. They’re a veritable nightmare of financial, utility, public improvement, taxation, sanitation, and a maze of other puzzles. And, to make the job even tougher, the ever- ready and double-sharp knife of public criticism is constantly cutting a swatch of undoing which only serves to make the already difficult task even more exacting. But since that day in October, 1938, when the citizens of College Station almost unanimously voted to incorporate—and later, in November, when they elected their first city officials—the birth and eartj childhood of the City has been capably managed and competently guided by those men in whose hands the responsibilty of administering city gov ernment has fallen. Utilities are being installed in the various sur rounding additions as rapidly as possible . . . The key rate of fire insurance has been reduced from one dollar to thirty-two cents . . . Improvements in sanitation facilities are being made as speedily as possible . . . The tax rate of the City is still lower than that of other localities of corresponding size despite the tremendous financial burden of a newly incorporated municipality . . . And so The Battalion says, “the birth and childhood of the City has been capably managed and competently guided by those men in whose hands the responsibility of administer ing city government has fallen.” The Mayor of the City of College Station and the members of its City Council are deserving of a great take precedence over his party affiliation, done . . . For the patience and tact which they have used in handling the innumerable problems that have come before them in the past year and a half . . For devoting a considerable part of their time—and unsalaried, at that—to the performance of their respective civic duties. The foundation of a successful city government at College Station has now been laid. What’s to come is a matter of speculation, but one thing in particular everyone realizes—that the life-struggles of the new city aren’t yet at an end; that there are many more problems to be faced in the future. But so long as College Station is blessed with officials such as it now has, a successful future for the city is assured. America Changes IN THE UNSTREAMEDLINED post-bustle era of the early part of the twentieth century—say from 1900 to 1920—American voters, for the most part, were bound by finely drawn political ties. In that twenty-year period, if a voter’s father was a dem ocrat, then the voter also was a Democrat. As a general rule, if a voter lived in the South he was a Democrat, because the South has been near-one hundred percent Democrat since the 1860’s. It was just the thing to do. Political ties dic tated that a person do none else. The finely drawn political lines became tradition. Voter’s didn’t cast their ballots for a candidate—they cast their bal lots for the banner under which the candidate stood. But that was until 1920. • In 1940 it’s not so easy for a candidate to give a voting citizenry the old party affiliation razz-ma- tazz. There’s a new creed now — one that’s gaining more and more supporters with every new political campaign. ’ It's a healthy creed, and a simple one. The idea being: A candidate needs more than just party affiliation to win votes, because the voting public is getting to be a curious one. Especially those vot ers who have recently graduated from one of the nation’s colleges or universities. They’re beginning to ask questions. A candidate’s qualifications are more important than they used to be. A candi date’s past performance—if any—is beginning to deal of praise for the fine work which they have And, as mentioned above, this is a healthy creed—a good sign. • There’s evidence by the basket-full that this new creed is fast catching hold throughout the nation. If you want to see it, take a look around you wherever you are. Here on the campus of the Texas A. & M. College a skeptic would become a believer over night. Hundreds of Aggieland’s seven thousand are voters. Amazingly few of them, considering that Texas has long been a Democratic stringhold, dis cuss the candidates for States and national offices on the basis of party affiliation. The conversa tions are usually arguments in respect to what a particular candidate has or has not done in the past. Like a thoroughbred race horse, a can didate’s past performance is at least partly indica tive of what may be expected of him in the future. • So America changes . . . And for the better. It didn’t come overnight; the transition isn’t complete yet. Nor can it be said that party affilia tion will ever become a thing of the past. It’s an important part of our American way of things. The Battalion’s point is merely this: Party affili ation has been stressed too much in the past. But America is getting wise—the nation’s voting public is striking a balance between party affiliation and candidate’s qualifications. Book's You Will Enjoy By DR. T. F. MAYO As a simple and rapid test of the breadth of your reading, you are offered the following ten words. If you can explain the meaning of each of them, if each of them represents an idea which you use habitually in your thinking, if you can intelli gently attack or defend those which name disputed theories or concepts, then it would seem that you are a reasonably well-read person. If, on the other hand, there is even one of these words which means nothing at all to you, or about which your notions are hopelessly vague and cloudy, there is apparent ly a serious blank spot in your reading. Now nobody maintains that an understanding of what these ten words stand for will automatically make you wise. It also seems obvious that you may be a fairly wise person in spite of not knowing any thing much about several of them. There have al ways been ignorant philosophers of merit, and ev erybody knows that there are plenty of well-read fools. If, however, you agree with most people that to be well-read, beside making life more interest ing, it is also at least a help toward wisdom, you may like to measure with this home-made yard stick the breadth of your own reading. In con nection with each word, a book is suggested which will at least begin (but only begin) the process of informing you on the subject. 1. Evolution (Biology) Read: “How We Came by Our Bodies”, by C. B. Davenport. 2. Socialism (Economics and sociology) Read “Selected Articles on Capitalism and Its Alterna tives”, edited by J. E. Johnsen. 3. Electron (Physical science) Read: “Man and His Universe”, by J. Langdon Davies. 4. Inferiority Complex (Psychology) Read: “Psychology”, by E. D. Martin. 5. Conditioned Reflex (Psychology) Read “The Ways of Behaviorism”, by J. B. Watson. 6. Instrumentalism (Philosophy) Read: “Hu man Nature and Conduct”, by John Dewey. 7. Realism (The Arts) Read: “The Later Real ism”, by W. L. Myers. 8. Economic interpretation (of History) Read: “The Devil Theory of War”, by C. A. Beard. 9. Hellenism (Culture) Read: “Greek Ideals”, by C. D. Burns. 10. Renaissance (Culture History) Read “The Civilization of the Renaissance”, by J. W. Thompson. As the World Turns... By Y. K. SUGAREFF Total war has not yet confronted the American people, but our national defense program has met opposition from many quarters. Congress, af ter three months of debate and deliberation, has appropriated billions of dollars and passed the Conscription Act in preparation of our national defense. Now that the Congressional delay has pass ed, there remains the carrying out of the preparedness program. Here a varied interest clash; such as the cost of plant expansion, pro fits, and wages. Dictatorial powers are necessary to overcome some of these interests. And Congress has authorized the president to use such powers if he deems it advisable to speed up our national defense activities. Assistant Secretary of War, Judge Patterson, a Republican, has stated that “the same obliga tion that takes the soldier into the field for train ing takes industry into the production of military equipment.” The Administration, however, would hardly undertake to draft industry on the same basis as the individual. Plant expansion is a costly undertaking. Nearly a billion dollars would be re quired for plant expansion to meet our present needs and eventually even go far beyond that amount. The RFC has been given powers to make loans to essential industries for expansion of their plant facilities. The matter of profits has also been disposed of by two acts—Army and Navy. These acts put limits on profits that can be made from defense orders. If a contract is made between the government and a company by direct negotiation, the ceiling profit is 7 per cent of the estimated cost of the order. Aircraft and naval vessels contracts, which are made by competitive bidding, is limited to 8 per cent profit of cost. Other than aircraft and naval vessels the contracts have not been limited under the competitive bidding. However, Congress is now considering an excess profits bill which will take care of profiteers. The cost of living is a serious problem to the wage-earner when prices of commodities are rising. Organized labor is advocating a scale of wages to meet the rising cost of living. Besides, the Wage and Hour Act of 1938, Congress has passed the Public Contracts Act (Walsh-Healey Act) empowering the Secretary of Labor to fix the minimum wage and enforce a time and half pay for all time in excess of 40 hours per week. Under such agreements as these between the government and interested parties, our national de fense program should make a speedy progress. In fact, the jam in the defense program is already broken. Last week the defense contracts amounted to nearly $4,000,000,000. Total preparedness, however, involves spiritual as well as material elements. To that end about 500 scientists, theologians, and teachers are, at this writing, discussing in New York City the formula tion of idealogy of the American Democracy. Al ready text books for the grade schools are ap pearing in which the merits and the demerits of To talitarianism and Democracy are explained. “If you want the people to know anything”, Napoleon used to say, “put it in the schools.” We may have started late in teaching the benefits of Democracy, but we are on the way of total preparedness. V. K. Sugareff THE BATTAHO^ -THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, !\940 lan, and Harold Hausman in par ticular—possess the added spice of almost always being according to fact. It wasn’t unusual, for example, for the men at the Edge- wood Arsenal, Maryland camp to week-end in either New York City, Washington, D. C., Philadelphia, Atlantic City, or Baltimore and, to the Aggies at least, the attrac tions of the eastern “metropoli” were many. Quoth one reminiscing cadet, “In Atlantic City the restau rants and bars were open all night and once we went bowling at 5 a. m. And, incidetitally, those Damnyankee girls can’t compare with our Texas femmes.” Red and green neon lights have been installed under water at fed eral fish hatcheries to be used for insect lures. Better Vision means Better Grades See J. W. PAYNE Optometrist 109 South Main Bryan, Texas ‘Would you mind taking this soup back and dip that ox-tail in it once more?” BACKWASH Bu (eorge fuermann “Backwash: An agitation resulting (ram same action ar occurrence.”—Webster. Fuermann Once Over Lightly . . . Out of the groove of probability was the letter received by the Registrar’s Office from a Dallas freshman- to-be who wanted complete infor- mation about A. & M.’s home econom ics department . . . One of the Sugar Bowl Association officials, recently visiting on the campus, was defi nitely on the money when he said, “Tex as A. & M. is easily the nation’s most colorful college where football fans are concerned.” . . An Infantry jun ior, buying some civilian clothes in a Bryan haberdashery, “Sure I’m still an Aggie—I’m just get ting non-regged up!” . . . Believe- it-or-nots of A. & M. roommates last year, where names were con- cerned, was the ball-bearing com bination of the two Houston then- freshmen, David Ball and Conrad Bering Jr. . . . Aggieland Orches tra’s ex-maestro, Jack Littlejohn, who turns the reins over to Ed Minnock, will soon be salarying with a major tobacco firm . . The stories that Ed Aldrich—who was an information booth employee throughout freshman registration day—is telling in respect to uni que, and sometimes foolish, ques tions are well worth repeating. There’s the case of a freshman’s father, for example, who asked—• and seriously, too—“Where do I pay my son’s radiator fee?” Then there’s the one about the freshman who wanted to know where he could apply to be a room orderly, rfe came back an hour later, and a lit tle dismayed: “I found out in a hurry,” he said. • Life’s Minor Tragedies. To wit: The Texas University student— valedictorian of his high school graduating class a year ago—who, by way of showing that his is the “whole-hog-or-none” route, managed to stumble and falter along the paths of T. U.’s scho lastic endeavor to the non-vale dictory tune of passinge NONE of his freshman work the past spring term. One of A. & M.’s summer school enrollees this past summer, he was here to try and recuperate his high er education. Quoth a fellow fra- ternity-ite, “He’s really brilliant; it’s just his motto that flips his studies—‘pleasure before busi ness’!” • See America First. Tales being told by R.O.T.C. camp-returning Aggies have smacked a bit of the Muncausenic raves of Jack Pearl, but those coming from the Chem ical Warfare Service cadets—and John Carson, W. D. “Red” McMil- FRESHMEN! Here’s One Rule Not In The Book "%7"ou may have to wear a freshman cap, but X there’s no rule against wearing Arrow shirts. No doubt you’ve discovered by this time that more college men wear Arrow shirts than any other brand shirt. There are reasons: The superb Arrow collar, the Mitoga cut, the anchored buttons, and the permanent fit (San- forized-Shrunk, fabric shrinkage less than 1%). All these extra values plus authentic styling are yours for the small sum of $2. Buy a stack of Gordon oxfords as a starter —you’ll never regret it. ARROW SHIRTS WHATS SHOWING AT THE ASSEMBLY HALL Thursday: “IRENE,” star ring Anna Neagle, Ray Mil- land, May Robson, and Ro land Young. Friday: “EARTHBOUND,” with Warner Baxter, Andrea Leeds, and Lynn Bari. AT THE CAMPUS Thursday: “YOU’RE NOT SO TOUGH,” with the Dead End Kids, Nan Grey, Billy Hallop, and the Little Tough Guys. Friday, Saturday: “DAN GER ON WHEELS,” with Richard Arlen, Andy Devine, and Peggy Moran. Look For LUKE’S specials IN THE ■ i The NEW ROYAL | FIRST AND ONLY PORTABLE j ...many other exclusive j Royal MAGIC features. Battalion Every Week Beginning Next Thursday • Trade-mark. Reg- O. S. Pat. Off. GUY H. DEATON ! TYPEWRITER EXCHANGE j Across From Post Office Phone 254J - Bryan Luke’s Grocery East Gate Opposite Main Entrance